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Typhoid

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Typhoid was the common fever of the nineteenth century. It was perhaps the most democratic of the preventable diseases, common among the poor, but attacking the aristocracy and the well-to-do with ... More


“All Say They Are under Petticoat Government”: Lizinka Campbell Brown and Richard S. Ewell

Peter S. Carmichael

in Intimate Strategies of the Civil War: Military Commanders and Their Wives

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195330854
eISBN:
9780199851393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330854.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Lizinka Brown, a wealthy and outspoken widow, refused to conform to a passive role in her second marriage to her cousin, the hesitant and indecisive Richard Ewell. She openly assumed the stronger ... More


His Body and Burial

John Boardman

in Alexander the Great

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181752
eISBN:
9780691184043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181752.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter talks about how the early accounts of Alexander's death essentially imply that it was the result of overmuch drinking, or drinking tainted wine, and probably an ensuing stroke, at ... More


The Patient as Victim and Vector View as Critical and Diagnostic Tool

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This concluding chapter explores the implications of the PVV view in two major areas. First, as a philosophic tool, the PVV view can be used to assess and enhance both theoretical and applied ... More


Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Beyond Bacteria

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the epidemiology of infectious diseases. By the end of the 19th century, the significant role of microorganisms in many diseases of humans and other species was ... More


Fever: Beyond Malaria

Iruka N. Okeke

in Divining without Seeds: The Case for Strengthening Laboratory Medicine in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449413
eISBN:
9780801460906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449413.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter considers the misdiagnosis of some infectious diseases as malaria. Recent reports from multiple African sites have observed that clinical diagnosis of severe malaria is often imprecise. ... More


Industrial Waste, Germs, and Pollution The Battle over Pollution

John T. Cumbler

in Reasonable Use: The People, the Environment, and the State, New England 1790-1930

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195138139
eISBN:
9780197561683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195138139.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

In 1905, the state board of health for Connecticut looked back over the last half century and noted the tremendous change that had occurred. In the first half of the ... More


Urban Under Development, Politics, and the Land Scape of Health

Samuel Kelton Jr. Roberts

in Infectious Fear: Politics, Disease, and the Health Effects of Segregation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832592
eISBN:
9781469605890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807894071_roberts.7
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows how the built environment of Baltimore and the disease conditions it produced set the ground on which tuberculosis (TB) politics would unfold. The depth of the problem is suggested ... More


The Sum of Zero

Andrew E. Stoner

in The Journalist of Castro Street: The Life of Randy Shilts

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042485
eISBN:
9780252051326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042485.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

Shilts and book editor Michael Denneny make controversial decisions about how to get And the Band Played On properly promoted and reviewed. The New York Post’s screaming headline about “Patient Zero” ... More


Introduction

Sarah LeFanu

in Something of Themselves: Kipling, Kingsley, Conan Doyle and the Anglo-Boer War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197501443
eISBN:
9780197536162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501443.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The introduction provides a contextualizing synopsis of the involvement of the three protagonists, Kipling, Kingsley and Conan Doyle, in the Anglo-Boer War, and flags up the experiences that they ... More


Voyaging Out

Sarah LeFanu

in Something of Themselves: Kipling, Kingsley, Conan Doyle and the Anglo-Boer War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197501443
eISBN:
9780197536162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501443.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter takes the reader through the months immediately preceding the departure to South Africa of the three protagonists of the book, Rudyard Kipling, Arthur Conan Doyle and Mary Kingsley, in, ... More


Rudyard Kipling, Cape Town and Bloemfontein

Sarah LeFanu

in Something of Themselves: Kipling, Kingsley, Conan Doyle and the Anglo-Boer War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197501443
eISBN:
9780197536162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501443.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter follows Rudyard Kipling in his travels around South Africa: he visited those wounded at the Battle of Spion Kop, travelled on a hospital train to pick up the wounded from the Battle of ... More


Arthur Conan Doyle, Bloemfontein and Pretoria

Sarah LeFanu

in Something of Themselves: Kipling, Kingsley, Conan Doyle and the Anglo-Boer War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197501443
eISBN:
9780197536162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501443.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter follows Arthur Conan Doyle on his journey with Langman’s Field Hospital from Cape Town to Bloemfontein, where he arrived just after the Battle of Sanna’s Post (Koornspruit), and the ... More


Mary Kingsley, Simon’s Town

Sarah LeFanu

in Something of Themselves: Kipling, Kingsley, Conan Doyle and the Anglo-Boer War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197501443
eISBN:
9780197536162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501443.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter follows Mary Kingsley to Simon’s Town and the Palace Barracks Hospital, where, from the beginning of April 1900, she was nursing Boer prisoners who, weakened during the ten-day Battle of ... More


The Palliative Effects of Property Rights

Werner Troesken

in The Pox of Liberty: How the Constitution Left Americans Rich, Free, and Prone to Infection

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226922171
eISBN:
9780226922195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922195.003.0005
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter describes how the American constitutional order shaped the country=s battle against waterborne diseases. This story has two parts. The first part involves establishing a fundamental ... More


Who Should Be Responsible for Food Safety?: Oysters as a Case Study

Matthew Morse Booker

in Food Fights: How History Matters to Contemporary Food Debates

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469652894
eISBN:
9781469652917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652894.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The paradox of modern life is that consumers demand government protect them from an ever-greater range of risks, but at the same time complain about ever-greater government control. Reviewing ... More


Human Animals

Anne Hardy

in Salmonella Infections, Networks of Knowledge, and Public Health in Britain, 1880-1975

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198704973
eISBN:
9780191774058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704973.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces methods of outbreak investigation and the development of ideas about the causes of typhoid from the environmental pollution concepts of the 1880s to the identification of the ... More


The Hygiene of the Sea

Anne Hardy

in Salmonella Infections, Networks of Knowledge, and Public Health in Britain, 1880-1975

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198704973
eISBN:
9780191774058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704973.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The transformation of the sea from a purifying medium to a contaminated one through the medium of sewage-contaminated shell-fish is considered here. In a classic case of expert disagreement, the ... More


Things with Wings

Anne Hardy

in Salmonella Infections, Networks of Knowledge, and Public Health in Britain, 1880-1975

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198704973
eISBN:
9780191774058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704973.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter uses the examples of the transmission of diarrhoea and typhoid via flies and duck eggs to illustrate the ways in which human perceptions of risk can and cannot be changed. Flies were the ... More


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