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Methodological Alternatives and Supplements to Random Sampling

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter begins with a discussion of external validity and sampling bias. Next, the rationale and limitations of RS as a way to maximize external validity and minimize sampling bias are ... More


Thresholds for Action in Judicial Decisions

Len Dalgleish, James Shanteau, and April Park

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Many decisions that people are called on to make can be thought of as involving thresholds for action. In each case, we can understand the decision maker to be answering two questions: (1) How strong ... More


One-Sample and Difference-of-Means Tests

Quan Li

in Using R for Data Analysis in Social Sciences: A Research Project-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190656218
eISBN:
9780190656256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656218.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates the types of questions one could ask about a continuous random variable of interest and answer using statistical inference. It provides conceptual preparation for ... More


Hypothesis Testing in Regression Models

M. Hashem Pesaran

in Time Series and Panel Data Econometrics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198736912
eISBN:
9780191800504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736912.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter introduces some key concepts of statistical inference and shows their use to investigate the statistical significance of the (linear) relationships modelled through regression analysis, ... More


Design and Analysis of Experimental Research I

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter builds on the previous chapter by elaborating from theories of causal knowledge presented earlier to practical considerations for the design, execution, and analysis of randomized ... More


Three Challenges for Risk-Based (Research) Regulation: Heterogeneity among Regulated Activities, Regulator Bias, and Stakeholder Heterogeneity

Michelle N. Meyer

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The ANPRM seeks to shift scarce regulatory resources from “low risk” studies, where they unnecessarily burden research, to studies that “pose risks of serious physical or psychological harm,” which ... More


Experimental methods

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

in A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Having recorded a signal, it is necessary to interpret its functional significance. The way in which this is done is to relate the signal to a psychological condition. As in other branches of ... More


Conclusion

Joseph A. Veech

in Habitat Ecology and Analysis

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198829287
eISBN:
9780191868078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829287.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Because habitat is so crucial to the survival and reproduction of individual organisms and persistence of populations, it has long been studied by wildlife ecologists. However, the modern concept of ... More


Exploration Risk

Donald Singer and W. David Menzie

in Quantitative Mineral Resource Assessments: An Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399592
eISBN:
9780197562833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399592.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

It is commonly said that mineral exploration is a risky business, but what does that really mean? Although exploration can be financially rewarding, there is a high ... More


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