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Diabetes in the Young: Actions for the 21st Century

Giuseppina Imperatore, Barbara Linder, and David J. Pettitt

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in children and adolescents. In this age group the majority of cases are type 1. Worldwide, the incidence of type 1 diabetes is ... More


Risk Factors for Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes

Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, Dana Dabelea, Jean M. Lawrence, James B. Meigs, and Karen Teff

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of key risk factors for type 2 diabetes, beginning with metabolic risk factors, including those that are related directly to obesity, followed by discussions of ... More


Public Health Genomics of Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Diabetic Complications

Robert L. Hanson, Robert G. Nelson, and William C. Knowler

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The term “genomics” generally refers to the study of an organism's entire genome and how the genome acts, often in concert with environmental factors, to influence the organism's phenotype. This ... More


Prevalence/Incidence, Risk Factors, and Future Burden of Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes in Developing Countries

Chittaranjan S. Yajnik, Terrence Forrester, Kaushik Ramaiya, Nikhil Tandon, Shailaja Kale, and Marshall Tulloch-Reid

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses some of the issues related to the three most common types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes) that are particularly relevant to developing countries. The ... More


Physical Activity, Fitness, and the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

Gang Hu, Timo A. Lakka, and Jaakko Tuomilehto

in Epidemiologic Methods in Physical Activity Studies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195183009
eISBN:
9780199865116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183009.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews current evidence regarding the role of physical activity and physical fitness in the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. Epidemiological evidence from prospective cohort ... More


Type 2 diabetes

Eleftheria Zeggini and Mark I. McCarthy

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the genetics of type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D represents one of the most important causes of global morbidity and mortality. On current projections, the prevalence of this ... More


Type 2 Diabetes and Persons at High Risk of Diabetes

Linda S. Geiss and Catherine C. Cowie

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter documents the past growth of diabetes in the United States, and warns about a possible future in which effective public health policies to prevent or reduce the public health burden of ... More


A life course approach to diabetes

Helen M. Colhoun and Nish Chaturvedi

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on determinants of type 2 diabetes in women and girls from conception through the life course. Topics covered include genetic determinants of diabetes risk, parent of origin ... More


The development of a diabetes prevention programme for a South Asian population: translating evidence and theory into practice

Kamlesh Khunti, Thomas Yates, Jacqui Troughton, Margaret Stone,, and Melanie Davies

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a transferable framework for developing a structured education programme aimed at preventing type 2 diabetes in people of South Asian ethnic origin. It shows that there is a ... More


Implementing Programs for the Primary Prevention of Diabetes in Non-Health-Care Settings: From Evidence to Practice

Ronald T. Ackermann and David G. Marrero

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Extensive research demonstrates the effectiveness of two broad strategies to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in adults: pharmacological therapy and structured lifestyle interventions. ... More


Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes: Accomplishments and Challenges

William C. Knowler, Mary Hoskin, Jeffrey M. Curtis, Robert G. Nelson, and Robert L. Hanson

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the prevention of type 2 diabetes. People at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes can often be identified with simple clinical tests. Many of the risk factors—such as ... More


The epidemiology of sleep and cardiovascular risk and disease

F.P. Cappuccio and M.A. Miller

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the wealth of recent evidence to support the epidemiological link between quantity of sleep (short and long duration of sleep) and quality of sleep (like difficulties in ... More


A life course approach to diabetes

Nita Forouhi, Elizabeth Hall, and Paul McKeigue

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews evidence that the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adult life may be set by factors operating early in the life course of an individual. There is consistent evidence ... More


Introduction Situating Problems of Knowledge

Michael J. Montoya

in Making the Mexican Diabetic: Race, Science, and the Genetics of Inequality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267305
eISBN:
9780520949003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267305.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses the ramifications of the use of genetics to think, talk, and solve the problems of type 2 diabetes. The politics of knowledge claims about diabetes is reported. Then, the ... More


Diabetes

Dolly Baliunas

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews evidence on the link between alcohol consumption and the risk for type 2 diabetes. The results of individual studies vary. Some studies have found a linear inverse relationship ... More


The developmental origins of coronary heart disease

D. J. P. Barker

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the developmental origins of coronary heart disease. The recent discovery that people who develop coronary heart disease (CHD) grew differently to other people during fetal ... More


Making the Mexican Diabetic: Race, Science, and the Genetics of Inequality

Michael Montoya

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267305
eISBN:
9780520949003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267305.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This ethnographic study animates the racial politics that underlie genomic research into type 2 diabetes, one of the most widespread chronic diseases and one which affects ethnic groups ... More


Physical Activity and Weight Control

John M. Jakicic, Amy D. Otto, Kristen Polzien, and Kelliann Davis

in Epidemiologic Methods in Physical Activity Studies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195183009
eISBN:
9780199865116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183009.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the role of physical activity in weight control. Excess body weight is linked to increased risk of numerous chronic diseases, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, ... More


Lifestyle, diet, and disease: comparative perspectives on the determinants of chronic health risks

William R. Leonard

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

We evolved under high levels of physical activity and energy expenditure, seasonal fluctuations in food availability, and frequent periods of marginal or negative energy balance. Today, we continue ... More


It Sometimes Takes Two: Marriage as a Mechanism for Managing Chronic Illness

Mary Ann Parris Stephens, Rachel C. Hemphill, Karen S. Rook, and Melissa M. Franks

in Interpersonal Relationships and Health: Social and Clinical Psychological Mechanisms

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199936632
eISBN:
9780190223250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936632.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on ways in which spouses of chronically ill patients attempt to regulate (through influence and support) their partners’ adherence to recommended health behaviors, as well as the ... More


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