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Margins for Error in Context

Denis Bonnay and Paul Egré

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Williamson's margin for error semantics for knowledge implies that knowledge cannot systematically imply knowledge of one's knowledge. Each new iteration of knowledge requires what is known to remain ... More


Singular Thought: In Defence of Acquaintance *

François Recanati

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that singular thought about an object involves nondescriptive or de re ways of thinking of that object, that is, modes of presentation resting on contextual relations of ... More


Meanings and Knowledge of Meaning

Stephen Schiffer

in The Things We Mean

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199257768
eISBN:
9780191602313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257760.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Knowing what an expression means is neither knowing that it means such and such nor knowing how to do things with the expression; it is being in, or being apt to be in, a certain kind of ... More


An Externalist’s Guide to Inner Experience

Benj Hellie

in Perceiving the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195386196
eISBN:
9780199866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386196.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

How is the direct realist’s relational consciousness related to phenomenality? I develop a notion of reflective indiscriminability intended to answer to sameness of phenomenal character. Then suppose ... More


Relativized Metaphysical Modality *

Adam Murray and Jessica Wilson

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659081
eISBN:
9780191745201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659081.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is commonly supposed that metaphysical modal claims are to be evaluated with respect to a single domain of possible worlds: a claim is metaphysically necessary just in case it is true in every ... More


David Lewis on Context

Robert Stalnaker

in The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198739548
eISBN:
9780191864100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739548.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

A critical discussion of David Lewis’s two-dimensional framework for doing semantics. Lewis’s framework has the same abstract structure as David Kaplan’s semantics for demonstratives, where the ... More


Can Descriptivism Account for Singularity?

François Recanati

in Mental Files

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659982
eISBN:
9780191745409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659982.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

Various attempts to account for singular thought within a (refined) descriptivist framework are discussed and criticized. Rigidity and truth-conditional singularity can be achieved in a ... More


The demise of indexicals: A case study

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

in Meaning in Linguistic Interaction: Semantics, Metasemantics, Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199602469
eISBN:
9780191815867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602469.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 5 addresses the semantic aspects of expressing the self/ego, and in particular it contains a case study first-person reference from a cross-linguistic as well as philosophical perspective, ... More


Carnap, the Necessary A Posteriori, and Metaphysical Anti-realism

Stephen Biggs and Jessica Wilson

in Ontology after Carnap

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199661985
eISBN:
9780191748363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661985.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

In Meaning and Necessity, Carnap advances an intensional semantic framework on which modal claims are knowable a priori, since true in virtue of semantic rules alone. In ‘Empiricism, Semantics, and ... More


Sense, Necessity, and Belief  *

Mark Richard

in Context and the Attitudes: Meaning in Context, Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199557950
eISBN:
9780191747267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557950.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a critical discussion of some neo-Fregean accounts of modal contexts, belief ascriptions, and putative examples of contingent ‘a priori’ knowledge. The chapter argues that there ... More


The Ontology of Subjective Physicalism

Robert J. Howell

in Consciousness and the Limits of Objectivity: The Case for Subjective Physicalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654666
eISBN:
9780191753091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654666.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter closely examines two anti-materialist arguments and argues that their metaphysical presuppositions are substantive and should be rejected. The first argument considered is the ... More


Rationality and narrow content

Juhani Yli-Vakkuri and John Hawthorne

in Narrow Content

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198785965
eISBN:
9780191860843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785965.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

In Chapter 4 we ask whether a range of epistemological properties and relations pertaining to apriority can be explained by any kind of narrow content, and we come to a pessimistic conclusion. ... More


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