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Denmark: Professionalism in an Egalitarian Political Culture

Torben K. Jensen

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Denmark's egalitarian political culture stresses the values of participation, equality, and a strong civil society – traits that may be detrimental to the development of a class of professional ... More


Italy: The Homeland of the Political Class

Ettore Recchi and Luca Verzichelli

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the early post-war years, parties have been central to Italy's political system and have regulated the recruitment patterns and socialization of members of the large political class, which was ... More


Diagnosing the Strategic Impacts of Lost Knowledge

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter uses a knowledge typology to describe different characteristics of lost knowledge and their impacts on business performance. It shows how increased retirements interact with recruiting ... More


Shop-floor Consent, Accommodation, and Dissent

Tony Elger and Chris Smith

in Assembling Work: Remaking Factory Regimes in Japanese Multinationals in Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241514
eISBN:
9780191714405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241514.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter examines the evolving features of management-worker relations and employee working lives at two large, sectorally dominant Japanese manufacturing subsidiaries in Telford, and assesses ... More


Belief

Mark Chaves

in American Religion: Contemporary Trends

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146850
eISBN:
9781400839957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146850.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on one of the few traditional religious beliefs that truly declined in recent decades: believing that the Bible is the inerrant word of God. Generational turnover is an important ... More


Is There Scope for Policy?

Giorgia Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer

in Education and Training in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses how design of training policies is strongly related to the type of market failures conducive to under-provision. The empirical evidence on the relevance of efficiency and ... More


The Rules of the Game

Shehzad Nadeem

in Dead Ringers: How Outsourcing Is Changing the Way Indians Understand Themselves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147871
eISBN:
9781400836697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147871.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the offshoring of work from the United States to India as it occurred at one company. It considers the types of work being moved and the labor conditions under which they are ... More


Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in Amazon tree turnover

Oliver L. Phillips, Timothy R. Baker, Luzmila Arroyo, Niro Higuchi, Timothy Killeen, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Jon Lloyd, Yadvinder Malhi, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Nuñez Vargas, J. Natalino N. Silva, Rodolfo Vásquez Martinez, Miguel Alexiades, Samuel Almeida, Sandra Brown, Jerome Chave, James A. Comiskey, Claudia I. Czimczik, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Caroline Kuebler, Susan G. Laurance, Henrique E. M. Nascimento, Jean Olivier, Walter Palacios, Sandra Patiño, Nigel Pitman, Carlos A. Quesada, Mario Saldias, Armando Torres Lezama, and Barbara Vinceti

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Previous work found that tree turnover, biomass, and large liana densities increased in mature tropical forests in the late 20th century, indicating a concerted shift in forest ecological processes. ... More


Estimating Net Primary Production of Salt Marsh Macrophytes

James T. Morris

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Salt marshes dominate the intertidal zone in temperate latitudes and present some unique features pertaining to measurement of primary production. Several destructive harvest and non-destructive ... More


State Spaces

Timothy Besley and Torsten Persson

in Pillars of Prosperity: The Political Economics of Development Clusters

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152684
eISBN:
9781400840526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152684.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter summarizes the lessons from Chapter 4 in the form of a function that describes endogenous political turnover. This preliminary allows us to study equilibrium investments in fiscal and ... More


Getting from Where We Are to Where We Need to Be

Kenneth Prewitt

in What Is "Your" Race?: The Census and Our Flawed Efforts to Classify Americans

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157030
eISBN:
9781400846795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157030.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter talks about what to change and how to change it. Politics and policy do not like abrupt change, therefore it becomes necessary to introduce incremental modifications. Racial statistics ... More


The Value Added Tax

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The value‐added tax was finally introduced in Japan in April 1989, after long‐standing trial and error by the government. The whole picture of Japan's VAT must be clarified before and after its ... More


White Flight/Black Flight: The Dynamics of Racial Change in an American Neighborhood

Rachael A. Woldoff

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449185
eISBN:
9780801461033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449185.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Urban residential integration is often fleeting—a brief snapshot that belies a complex process of racial turnover in many U.S. cities. This book takes readers inside a neighborhood that has shifted ... More


“I Gotta Get Out of This Place”: Workplace Stress as a Threat to Public Health

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Most people may not recognize that stress has become a major risk for a wide variety of health and mental health problems, although when surveyed most people talk passionately about the stress they ... More


The Higher Aristocracy: Identity and Memory

R. R. Davies

in Lords and Lordship in the British Isles in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542918
eISBN:
9780191715648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542918.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The dimensions of the group to be considered are outlined. It was characterized by a rapid turnover of personnel and the concentration of more titles in fewer hands. Its pan-British character ... More


Biodiversity and biogeography of deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although there is a common perception that deserts support few species, some deserts have high local diversity, largely because organisms are able to exploit patches of high productivity. This ... More


Lexical Borrowing, Split (Mixed) Languages, and Creole Formation

CAROL MYERS-SCOTTON

in Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299530
eISBN:
9780191708107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses three related contact phenomena: lexical borrowing, mixed (split) languages, and creole formation. They all show the effects of the universal split in languages between the ... More


Enunciators and Blackberrys: Congressional Office Administration Post 9/11

Jocelyn Jones Evans

in One Nation Under Siege: Congress, Terrorism, and the Fate of American Democracy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125886
eISBN:
9780813135489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125886.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses and examines the changes introduced to office administration. It also examines staff turnover across time to identify the impact of 2001 on staff tenure at the aggregate level. ... More


Membership Dynamics

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter gives the first estimates of long-term joining and lapsing rates. These were very stable until the 1970s, much more stable than non-commercial societies, trade unions, or many sector ... More


Care Falls Apart: Turnover and the Limits of Independence

Elana D. Buch

in Inequalities of Aging: Paradoxes of Independence in American Home Care

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781479810734
eISBN:
9781479810147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810734.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Across the United States, home care faces perpetual worker shortages and endemically high turnover levels estimated at between 60% and 90% per year. This chapter examines cases of turnover in rich ... More


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