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Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

C. Julian Chen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM), both capable of visualizing and manipulating individual atoms, are the cornerstones of nanoscience and nanotechnology ... More


Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors

Sergey Ganichev and Willi Prettl

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528302
eISBN:
9780191713637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528302.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents high-power terahertz applications to semiconductors and semiconductor structures. It aims to bridge the gap between optics and microwave physics. It focuses on a core topic of ... More


RECOLLECTIONS

Elias Burstein

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter includes recollections by Elias Burstein about his meetings with L. V. Keldysh in 1960s. It describes research links between US and USSR condensed matter physicists over four decades ... More


Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Lawrence Challis (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The study of electrons and holes confined to two, one, and even zero dimensions has uncovered a rich variety of new physics and applications. This book describes the interaction between these ... More


British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Terry Gourvish

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Britain's privatized railways continue to provoke debate about the organization, financing, and development of the railway system. This important book provides an authoritative account of the ... More


Tunneling Phenomenon

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents basic experimental methods and the basic theory of tunneling. The classical metal-insulator-metal tunneling junction experiment of Giaever, designed to verify the ... More


Introduction

L.J. Challis

in Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

While the physics of low-dimensional structures mainly involves their electronic properties, an understanding of the interaction between the electrons and holes and the phonons present within and ... More


Investment and the Channel Tunnell

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on railway investments. Topics discussed include investment promotion, reduced investment spending in 1990, the need for project management and procurement, and investments on ... More


Approaches and Techniques

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The emergence of new techniques, methods, and analytical approaches is hard to predict. Research on avian biology has greatly benefitted from technical advances (for example tracking technology), and ... More


TUNNELING IN TERAHERTZ FIELDS

S. D. Ganichev and W. Prettl

in Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528302
eISBN:
9780191713637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528302.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter deals with tunneling phenomena in high-frequency alternating fields comprising solely terahertz field-induced tunneling as well as terahertz radiation-mediated tunneling in static ... More


DOS AND TUNNELING

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter starts with a discussion of the density of states renormalization in the normal state of a superconductor caused by fluctuation pairing which occurs close to the transition temperature. ... More


INTRODUCTION

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the field of molecular magnetism with a brief overview of the main properties. It takes a historical point of view. Concepts such as magnetic anisotropy, superparamagnetism, ... More


MAGNETIC TUNNELLING OF AN ISOLATED SPIN

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the magnetic tunnelling of an isolated spin. The tunnel effect of the magnetization is compared to that of a particle. The symmetry and the selection rules for tunnelling are ... More


Overview

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the basic designs and working principles of STM and AFM, as well as an elementary theory of tunneling and the imaging mechanism of atomic resolution. Three elementary theories ... More


Atomic Forces and Tunneling

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a unified theory of tunneling phenomenon and covalent bond force, as a result of the similarity between the Bardeen theory of tunneling and the Herring-Landau theory of the ... More


Tunnel spin injectors

Xin Jiang and Stuart Parkin

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Highly spin-polarized electron currents can be engineered in magnetic nanostructures by utilizing spin dependent tunneling and spin dependent scattering effects. In magnetic tunnel junctions with ... More


Energy required for flight

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The metabolic costs of flapping flight were measured in 37 species using a variety of techniques. Data included free flight and wind tunnel studies. The loss of body mass after long distance flights ... More


The Changing Tolerance for Income Inequality in the Course of Economic Development

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter discusses the complicated relationship between perception and reality in development. It explores the role of emotions and subjective forces—especially envy—in arguing that just as ... More


Flame and Fortune in the American West: Urban Development, Environmental Change, and the Great Oakland Hills Fire

Gregory L. Simon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520292802
eISBN:
9780520966161
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292802.001.0001
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This book investigates the ongoing politics, folly, and avarice shaping the production of increasingly widespread yet dangerous suburban and exurban landscapes. The 1991 Oakland Hills Tunnel Fire is ... More


Tunneling transport through potential barriers

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter elucidates the relation between conductance and transmission from the tunneling perspective. Tunneling through a delta barrier serves as a paradigmatic example that can be solved ... More


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