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Childhood Cancer in Britain: Incidence, survival, mortality

Charles Stiller (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198520702
eISBN:
9780191723711
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520702.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer is diagnosed in about 140 per million children in Britain each year. There is a 1 in 500 chance that a child will be affected in the first 15 years of life, the most frequently occurring types ... More


Central nervous system tumours

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the central nervous system (CNS) and the malignant tumours prevalent in this region of the body. Primary tumours of the central nervous system are rare, but they are more ... More


Palliative Care Consultations in Gynaeoncology

Sara Booth, Eduardo Bruera, and Teresa Tate (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528067
eISBN:
9780191730351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528067.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This is the second book in an international, multi-contributed series aimed at providing practical clinical guidance on how to deal with difficult symptoms related to specific cancer sites. In ... More


Palliative Care Consultations in Primary and Metastatic Brain Tumours

Sara Booth, Eduardo Bruera, and David Oliver (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528074
eISBN:
9780191730382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528074.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This is the third book in an international, multi-contributed series aimed at providing practical clinical guidance on how to deal with difficult symptoms related to specific cancer sites. There are ... More


The Cranial Circumference in Autism

Michele Zappella

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the cranial circumference in children with autism/Asperger syndrome. The chapter details Sotos syndrome, Cole-Hughes macrocephaly syndrome, fragile X syndrome, Orsvatisk 1997 ... More


Skin tumours

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses skin and soft tissue tumours. Three known skin tumours are the basal cell carcinoma, the squamous cell carcinoma, and the melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma or rodent ulcer ... More


Bone and soft tissue tumours

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses tumours and malignancies occurring in the bones and soft tissues. These are common in children and rare in adults. Bone and soft tissue tumours may occur at any age; however, ... More


Methods for DNA copy number derivations

Cameron Brennan

in Statistics and Informatics in Molecular Cancer Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199532872
eISBN:
9780191714467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532872.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

Chromosomal aberrations are a common form of mutation in cancer. Copy number profiling of tumour-derived DNA has proven to be a productive starting point for identifying novel cancer-relevant genes ... More


Breathlessness in advanced cancer

Deborah Dudgeon

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Dyspnoea is a common symptom in patients with cancer, but it is often overlooked. Breathlessness can significantly increase morbidity in patients with advanced diseases. Dyspnoea is chronic with ... More


Cytokine and Chemokine Receptors and Signaling

Duane R. Wesemann and Etty N. Benveniste

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway and the mechanisms that are used to control the magnitude and duration ... More


Gliomas

Michael Weller

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0042
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Gliomas are a heterogeneous group of brain tumors that are thought to derive from glial cells or their precursors. These tumors exhibit unique biological features and their precise histogenetic ... More


Multiscale modelling of cancer

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The development of cancer involves various temporal and spatial scales, as well as multiple levels of molecular and biological organization — from genes to cells, to tissue, and to the organism. This ... More


Pruritus accompanying solid tumours

Małgorzata Krajnik and Zbigniew Zylicz

in Pruritus in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198525103
eISBN:
9780191730238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525103.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses pruritus that accompanies solid tumours. This is considered to be an uncommon symptom, but it can complicate malignant diseases in four different ways. Pruritus can be a ... More


Management of Primary Brain Tumours

Neil G. Burnet, V. Ramesh Bulusu, and Sarah J. Jefferies

in Palliative Care Consultations in Primary and Metastatic Brain Tumours

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528074
eISBN:
9780191730382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528074.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Neuro-oncology is the most difficult area for patients, family, and staff. Of all cancers, gliomas are one of the most devastating cancers, and which posit unique problems and challenges. Primary ... More


Clinical and laboratory examinations relevant to clinical neuropsychology

Udo Kischka

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.041
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes the methods used by clinicians to gain insight into the structure and the functions of a patient's nervous system. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are ... More


Tobacco carcinogenesis: mechanisms and biomarkers

Stephen S. Hecht

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The indisputable relationship between the world's most widespread exogenous chemical carcinogen exposure — tobacco smoke — and cancer, provides a framework for a better understanding of cancer ... More


Headache

Helen Boardman

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Headache is not one condition but describes a wide range of head pains of various origins and impacts on the lives of sufferers. Headache is often considered to be a relatively minor event with ... More


An integrative approach to the control of cancer pain

Patrick W. Mantyh and Tony L. Yaksh

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses how cancer pain is generated and how the sensory information it initiates is processed as it moves from sense organ to the cerebral cortex under a constantly changing molecular ... More


I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Sarah D. Richmond, Geraint Rees, and Sarah J. L. Edwards (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Since the 1980s, MRI scanners have told us much about brain function and played an important role in the clinical diagnosis of a number of conditions — both in the brain and the rest of the body. ... More


Surgery for the control of symptoms in the abdomen

Alan G. Johnson

in Surgical Palliative Care

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198510000
eISBN:
9780191730184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510000.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the surgical procedures undertaken to control symptoms in the abdomen. It is revealed that the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the most common site for primary malignancy, ... More


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