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Conclusion

Douglas Robinson

in Ring Lardner and the Other

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195076004
eISBN:
9780199855131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195076004.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

In the spring of 1933, Ring Lardner was hospitalized due to tuberculosis in New York. Ellis Lardner rented a hotel apartment on East 86th Street near Madison Avenue and visited her husband daily. His ... More


 Tubercular

Thomas R. Nevin

in Thérèse of Lisieux: God's Gentle Warrior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307214
eISBN:
9780199785032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307216.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter addresses the following questions: what was the nature and what the course of the diseases which afflicted Thérèse? What did French medical practitioners in her time know about these ... More


The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Christopher Dye

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Despite decades of developments in immunization and drug therapy, tuberculosis remains one of the leading causes of human mortality, and no country has successfully eradicated the disease. ... More


Tuberculosis Undefeated

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter provides an empirical account of the evolutionary and epidemiological history of tuberculosis in populations around the world. Much has happened in the population biology of TB since ... More


Concepts and Models

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the epidemiology of tuberculosis from the perspective of population biology. The central concept of population biology with reference to TB control is that a population of ... More


Risk and Variation

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the factors that affect the risk of exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and the risk of developing tuberculosis. Exposure to infection depends on a wide range of ... More


Strains and Drug Resistance

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the geographical distribution of resistant forms of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and their time trends. Apart from drug resistance, there are plenty of other main questions about ... More


Bradford Hill’s doubts

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1993 commentary on Sir Austin Bradford Hill. Hill argued that the essential requirement in studies of the effects of interventions is concurrent comparison. This special need ... More


Introduction

Dirk U. Pfeiffer, Timothy P. Robinson, Mark Stevenson, Kim B. Stevens, David J. Rogers, and Archie C. A. Clements

in Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198509882
eISBN:
9780191709128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509882.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This introductory chapter discusses spatial epidemiological analyses. It presents the framework of spatial analysis and describes scientific literature and conferences, available software, and ... More


Public-Private Mixes: The Market for Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs in India

Stefan Ecks and Ian Harper

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores how public–private collaborations can be successful in India. Public–private mixes (PPMs) are an important part of the Stop TB campaign globally, but they are especially vital ... More


When the Immune System Is the Problem, Not the Solution: Microbial Immunopathology

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune response to microbal infection is massive and brutal — it has to be. But on occasion, particularly when an initial infection is not rapidly cleared, the ongoing immune attack against ... More


Vaccines: How They Work, Why They Sometimes Don't, and What We Can Do About It

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The realization that many diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms ultimately made possible the rational development of vaccines. Killed or disabled microbes, their components, or even their ... More


Interventions and Control

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter considers a variety of tuberculosis control measures that can change the rates of transition between states of health. Without a better understanding of who is most at risk of infection ... More


TB and HIV/AIDS

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the dual epidemic of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. There have been some major successes in the control of both HIV/AIDS and TB. The discovery and widespread use of antiretroviral ... More


Elimination and Eradication

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the prospects for elimination and eradication of tuberculosis. It considers how TB elimination could be achieved in principle, making use of the interventions and procedures ... More


Populations and Social Diseases

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter draws together the epidemiological insights that come from population biology and considers the context in which tuberculosis remains a “social disease” in the early twenty-first ... More


Antimicrobial Resistance

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Antimicrobial resistance is growing at an alarming rate: reports of extensive multiple-drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB and MDR-TB) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are but ... More


Thinking Big: Emerging Global Efforts For The Control Of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Despite the devastating pandemic of HIV/AIDS that erupted in the early 1980s, despite the failure to eradicate polio and the emergence of resistant forms of tuberculosis that came into focus in the ... More


THE SEA OF MATRIMONY

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0032
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Sara Haardt began to fill the void left by Mencken's mother. She became a comfortable presence who exacted less demands on him than any other woman in his life, and who, despite her physical ... More


A WINTER OF HORROR

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0041
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Sara Haardt Mencken's fragile health continued to fail and she died on May 31, 1935. “When I married Sara,” Mencken mourned, “the doctors said she could live more than three years. Actually, she ... More


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