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The Universe As We Find It

John Heil

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This book offers answers to the following questions. What does reality encompass? Is reality exclusively physical? Or does reality include non‐physical — mental, and perhaps ‘abstract’ — aspects? ... More


Truthmaking, Necessity, and Essential Dependence

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of truthmaking is examined. A distinction is drawn between formal ontological predicates — which should not be taken to denote elements of being — and other predicates, with ‘is true’, ... More


Why Truthmakers

Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that a significant class of true synthetic propositions, including inessential predications — like the proposition that the rose is red and negative existentials like the ... More


Truth without Truthmaking Entities

Jennifer Hornsby

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter replies to arguments, advanced by Gonzalo Rodriguez–Pereyra, for thinking that the intuitions that have inspired theories of truthmaking cannot be accommodated without commitment to ... More


Truthmaking without Truthmakers

Joseph Melia

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the ‘sensible nominalist’ can invoke a nominalist-friendly version of the truthmaker principle in order to overcome a standard objection to nominalism. The nominalist is ... More


Armstrong on Truthmaking

Marian David

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Truthmakers have come to play a central role in David Armstrong's metaphysics. They are the things that stand in the relation of truthmaking to truthbearers. This chapter focuses on the relation. ... More


Introduction

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The Introduction includes a discussion of the nature of metaphysical inquiry and an overview of the chapters that follow. Substances are simple, lacking parts that are themselves substances. ... More


How to be a Nominalist and a Fictional Realist

Ross P. Cameron

in Art and Abstract Objects

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691494
eISBN:
9780191746277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691494.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The fictional monster Cthulhu was created by H.P. Lovecraft. Therefore there is some thing, Cthulhu, that Lovecraft created. Cthulhu is a fictional being, so there are fictional beings. You can’t ... More


Essence and Existence

Bob Hale

Jessica Leech (ed.)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198854296
eISBN:
9780191888588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854296.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a collection of essays written by Bob Hale (three co-authored), with a critical introduction from Kit Fine. They comprise Hale’s final years of work, adding to and extending beyond his ... More


Rivals

Theodore Sider

in Writing the Book of the World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697908
eISBN:
9780191732096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697908.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One rival account of fundamentality is based on Kit Fine’s notions of ground and reality. But ground violates purity (if it is taken to be fundamental); and the reality‐based account is holistic in ... More


What Truth Is

Mark Jago

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198823810
eISBN:
9780191862595
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823810.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

What Truth Is presents and defends a novel theory of what truth is, in terms of the metaphysical notion of truthmaking. This is the relation which holds between a truth and some entity in the world, ... More


Truthmaking and Grounding

Mark Jago

in What Truth Is

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198823810
eISBN:
9780191862595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823810.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

In previous chapters, I’ve argued that all truths have a truthmaker, and I’ve developed an ontological account of what those truthmakers are. They’re states of affairs, and they include negative and ... More


The Logic of Truthmaking

Mark Jago

in What Truth Is

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198823810
eISBN:
9780191862595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823810.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

In the previous chapter, we began to characterise the logical properties of the truthmaking relation. The aim of this chapter is to take this project further, by developing a formal semantics for ... More


Arguments for Truthmaking

Mark Jago

in What Truth Is

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198823810
eISBN:
9780191862595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823810.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

The theory of truth I’m proposing analyses truth in terms of truthmaking. But why think that truths need to be made true by entities in the world? That’s a key question in this project. There are no ... More


Solving the Unity Problem

Arianna Betti

in Against Facts

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029216
eISBN:
9780262329644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029216.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 3 shows in what way the Unity Problem can be not only solved, but dissolved. The second and last step is taken here towards dismissing Armstrong’s facts as ad hoc entities, by showing that ... More


Continuant Causation, Fundamentality, and Freedom

Peter Simons

in Mental Causation and Ontology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199603770
eISBN:
9780191747670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603770.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

In continuant causation the initiator is not an event but a continuant. This paper argues that continuant causation cannot be a fundamental nexus in the world, for two reasons. Firstly, continuants ... More


Introduction

Bob Hale

Jessica Leech and Kit Fine (eds)

in Essence and Existence: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198854296
eISBN:
9780191888588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854296.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Kit Fine offers a critical introduction to the book, discussing in detail the two chapters in the volume that are on truthmaking—Chapter 6 on truthmakers for universal statements and Chapter 7 on ... More


Changing Truthmakers: Reply to Tallant and Ingram

Ross P. Cameron

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 8

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682904
eISBN:
9780191763083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682904.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper responds to Jonathan Tallant and David Ingram’s objection to Cameron’s theory that temporal distributional properties solve the truthmaking problem for presentism. We begin by reminding ... More


Relevant Logics

Francesco Berto and Mark Jago

in Impossible Worlds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198812791
eISBN:
9780191850585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812791.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Relevant logics aim to avoid the ‘paradoxes’ of the material and strict conditionals. Their most natural semantics, the Routley-Meyer semantics, is given in terms of impossible worlds. By placing ... More


Truthmaking and the Mysteries of Emergence

Kevin Morris

in Brute Facts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758600
eISBN:
9780191818523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758600.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses and evaluates the role of truthmaking in articulating an unproblematic concept of emergence—specifically, the proposal that emergent properties should be characterized as those ... More


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