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Truth and Ontology

Trenton Merricks

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores how truth depends on the world or on things or on being, and examines philosophical debates concerning modality, time, and dispositions. For accounts of truth's dependence on being ... More


Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Helen Beebee and Julian Dodd (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Many contemporary metaphysicians and philosophers of language commit themselves to some version or other of the truthmaker principle: the thesis that truths must be made true by something. Such ... More


General Introduction

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This part of the book reveals how two widespread assumptions have powerfully shaped philosophy for a long time. The first assumption is called “the truthmaker assumption.” It means that if a belief, ... More


Negative Existentials

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that Truthmaker should not be scaled back to allow truths such as that hobbits do not exist to lack truthmakers. It argues that the best truthmaker for all such truths is a single ... More


Truth Supervenes on Being

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

‘Truth Supervenes on Being’ (TSB) says that truth supervenes globally on which objects exist and which properties those objects exemplify. TSB intends to articulate the idea that truth depends on ... More


Presentism

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Presentism, a theory about the nature of time, implies that there are no merely past objects or events. That the Trojans were conquered is true. Given presentism, that truth seems to lack both a ... More


Subjunctive Conditionals

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Dispositional conditionals include claims such as if the glass had been struck, it would have shattered. Counterfactuals of freedom include claims like if Curley had been offered a bribe, he would ... More


Sorensen on Vagueness and Contradiction

Dorothy Edgington

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses some themes from Roy Sorensen's book Vagueness and Contradiction. While agreeing with Sorensen that the major premise in a Sorites argument must be false, it rejects the ... More


Truthmakers, the Past, and the Future

Josh Parsons and Julian Dodd

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter develops a form of the truthmaker argument against presentism. This serves two purposes: first, it provides an argument against presentism; and second, it illustrates the way that a very ... More


Being and Truth

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

There is a branch of metaphysics, known as truthmaker theory, whose aim is to work out, for each of the many kinds of proposition that we believe and assert (including disjunctions, generalizations, ... More


The Ontological Turn

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter is a summary of conclusions reached in preceding chapters. The fundamental things, or perhaps arrangements of the fundamental things, serve as truthmakers for all the truths that have ... More


Introduction

Helen Beebee and Julian Dodd

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter sets the scene for the topics covered by the subsequent chapters. First of all, the truthmaker principle is introduced and questions concerning its formulation highlighted. ... More


Truthmaking without Truthmakers

Joseph Melia

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the ‘sensible nominalist’ can invoke a nominalist-friendly version of the truthmaker principle in order to overcome a standard objection to nominalism. The nominalist is ... More


So Where's the Explanation?

Chris Daly

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Some proponents of the truthmaker principle claim that it has an explanatory power, such as that of explaining why idealism is false, or explaining the mind-independence of truth. Other proponents of ... More


Truthmakers and Explanation

David Liggins

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Truthmaker theory promises to do some useful philosophical work: equipping us to argue against phenomenalism and Rylean behaviourism, for instance, and helping us decide what exists. But it has ... More


Lewis's Animadversions on the Truthmaker Principle

Fraser MacBride

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The early David Lewis was a staunch critic of the Truthmaker Principle. To endorse the principle, he argued, is to accept that states of affairs are truthmakers for contingent predications. But ... More


Properties

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The chapter promotes the idea that properties, ways substances are, are powerful qualities. The familiar distinction between categorical and dispositional properties is grounded in a confusion ... More


Relations

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Descriptions of the universe inevitably incorporate relational judgments, judgments that include one or more relational terms. Some philosophers have gone further, defending the thesis that, because ... More


Truthmaking

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The significance and utility of the concept of truthmaking are discussed. The suggestion that truthmaking is entailment (truths entail truthmakers) is found wanting, as is the apparently innocent ... More


Reduction, Kinds, and Essences

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The concept of reduction is discussed in the context of a discussion of the origins of ‘non-reductive physicalism’. Reduction is identified as a relation among terms, or predicates, or theories, not ... More


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