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Vagueness and Degrees of Truth

Nicholas J. J. Smith

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233007
eISBN:
9780191716430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233007.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book argues that an adequate account of vagueness must involve degrees of truth. The basic idea of degrees of truth is that while some sentences are true and some are false, others possess ... More


The Space of Possible Theories of Vagueness

Nicholas J. J. Smith

in Vagueness and Degrees of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233007
eISBN:
9780191716430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233007.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter presents the main existing theories of vagueness, as well as some possible theories which have not yet found advocates. Each theory is presented not necessarily as it was first presented ... More


Truth, Falsity, and Unity

Richard Gaskin

in The Unity of the Proposition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the question: What distinguishes a declarative sentence from a mere list of words? The tradition has always assumed that declarative sentences are semantically complex, and it ... More


Representing the World Egocentrically

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Relativism and Monadic Truth Herman Cappelen and John Hawthorne set out to defend a monadic theory of truth that takes all propositions to have truth-values simpliciter. The core of their argument ... More


Why Beliefs Are Never True: A Reconstruction of Stoic Epistemology

Katja Maria Vogt

in Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916818
eISBN:
9780199980291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

According to the Stoics, beliefs are not evaluated as “true” or “false.” This aspect of Stoic epistemology, though rather stark, has not been noted by interpreters. The chapter is devoted to ... More


Frege on Truth (1986)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows that Frege's argument that sentences have truth values as their Bedeutungen (denotations) depends on his composition principle for denotation and on his view of the theoretically ... More


Truth‐Values and Metaphors

Stephen Davies

in Philosophical Perspectives on Art

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199202423
eISBN:
9780191708541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202423.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter argues that metaphors rely solely on the literal meanings of the terms they use. They do not possess or generate meanings that transcend their literal meanings and they do not express ... More


Truth

Jonathan Barnes

in Truth, etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199568178
eISBN:
9780191702037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568178.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

According to Cicero, ‘Chrysippus strains every sinew in order to persuade us that every assertible is either true or false’. How did Chrysippus strain his sinews? Why did he strain them? And what ... More


Psychoneural Nomic Correlation

Ted Honderich

in Mind and Brain: A Theory of Determinism, Volume 1

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242826
eISBN:
9780191680588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Each of the three hypotheses making up the theory of determinism expounded in the first part of this book has to do with mental events, which is to say events within consciousness. Thus, it is ... More


Matrix Semantics

Nino B. Cocchiarella and Max A. Freund

in Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195366587
eISBN:
9780199851898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366587.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter emphasizes that the approach taken in which a formal semantics for sentential modal logic can be constructed, is the first taken in the history of this subject. It describes as an ... More


A Brief Guide to Type Theory

Graeme Forbes

in Attitude Problems: An Essay On Linguistic Intensionality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199274949
eISBN:
9780191699801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274949.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The organizing principles of the simple theory of types are: (i) sentence-meanings are truth-values; (ii) the meaning of a name is its referent; and (iii) the meanings of other basic constituents of ... More


Extensionality and Propositional Identity

A. N. Prior

in Objects of Thought

Published in print:
1971
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243540
eISBN:
9780191680694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243540.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on a particular error: the treatment of truth-values as the denotata of sentences, and the confusion of propositional identity with material equivalence. It begins with a ... More


Frege: Truth and Composition

Stephen Neale

in Facing Facts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Looks at the work of Gottlob Frege on truth and composition. It investigates Frege's idea that a sentence refers to a truth‐value, his Principle of Composition, and his abandonment of what Donald ... More


Russell: Facts and Descriptions

Stephen Neale

in Facing Facts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Examines the work of Bertrand Russell. It looks at Russell's idea that true sentences stand for facts (rather than truth‐values) and the philosophical and formal details of his Theory of Facts (the ... More


Semantic information and the veridicality thesis

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter analyses semantic information as well-formed, meaningful and truthful data. After a brief introduction, the General Definition of semantic Information (GDI) is criticized for providing ... More


Outline of a theory of strongly semantic information

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter applies and further supports the conclusion reached in chapter five by presenting a quantitative theory of strongly semantic information (TSSI) based on truth-values rather than ... More


Wallace, Free Choice, and Fatalism

Gila Sher

in Freedom and the Self: Essays on the Philosophy of David Foster Wallace

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161534
eISBN:
9780231539166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161534.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines David Foster Wallace's notion of freedom of choice in relation to fatalism. Wallace states that freedom of choice is the “total freedom of choice regarding what to think about.” ... More


Frege’s New Logic and the Function/Argument Regimentation

Joan Weiner

in Taking Frege at his Word

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198865476
eISBN:
9780191897832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865476.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Frege says his new logical language is not designed to play the role of natural language. It is, rather, a tool designed for specific scientific purposes. The role he assigns to his logical language ... More


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