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Introduction

Jeffrey C. King

in The Nature and Structure of Content

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199226061
eISBN:
9780191710377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226061.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with a brief analysis of why philosophers believe in propositions. The main purpose of the book is then discussed, which is to formulate and defend a detailed account ... More


Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Charles Travis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a series of chapters which develops the author's distinctive view of the relation of thought to language. The key idea is ‘occasion-sensitivity’: what it is for words to express a ... More


Minimal Semantics

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270255
eISBN:
9780191601477
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270252.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Seeks to defend a formal (e.g. truth-conditional) approach to semantic theorizing from advocates of so-called ‘dual pragmatics’ (e.g. relevance theorists or contextualists). I argue, first, that ... More


Reference without Referents

R. M. Sainsbury

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199241804
eISBN:
9780191602696
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241805.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book concerns the nature of reference, and the theory it develops is intermediate between direct reference theories and descriptivist theories. A guiding thought is that just as truth conditions ... More


Being Known

Christopher Peacocke

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238607
eISBN:
9780191598197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238606.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Integration Challenge is the task of reconciling a plausible account of what is involved in the truth of statements of a given kind with a credible account of how we can know those statements, ... More


Deflating Compositionality

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The meaning of any sentence derives from the meanings of its words and from how those words are syntactically combined with one another. But what explains this ‘principle of compositionality’, and ... More


The Enlightenment Problem and a Common Assumption

Jennifer Saul

in Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199219155
eISBN:
9780191711848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219155.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins the diagnosis of The Enlightenment Problem. It argues that theorists have tended to proceed as if they adhere to a principle that this book terms Expressed or Implicated (EOI). ... More


Abandoning (EOI)

Jennifer Saul

in Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199219155
eISBN:
9780191711848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219155.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins by exploring what would be needed to evade fully The Enlightenment Problem, arguing for the abandonment not only of EOI but also of some important variants of EOI. It then ... More


An Alternative Approach

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter offers an alternative approach to assigning truth conditions to complex descriptive sentences. Truth conditions are first motivated as a kind of composite of the assertability conditions ... More


The Limits and Costs of Expressivism

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter summarizes the basic insights and arguments needed in order to get this far. It is argued, however, that expressivists will have extraordinary difficulties trying to expand the ... More


Expression

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explores how the notion of expression should be understood within an expressivist theory. It is first argued that the key attractions of expressivism can be understood without any ... More


Descriptive Language and Belief

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter takes up the project of analyzing ordinary descriptive belief in terms of the attitude of being for. A first-pass account, according to which believing p is being for proceeding as if p, ... More


Characterizing Temporalism

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Mark Richard (1981) calls the thesis that propositions never change their truth-values over time ‘eternalism’ and the opposing view ‘temporalism’. Temporalism is committed to the view that temporal ... More


Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Tyler Burge

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book is made up of an introductory chapter, ten historical/philosophical chapters on Frege, and four postscripts to the chapters. The topics are divided into the three areas of the book's title: ... More


Overview of an Originalist Theory of Concepts

R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye

in Seven Puzzles of Thought and How to Solve Them: And How to Solve Them: An Originalist Theory of Concepts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695317
eISBN:
9780191738531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695317.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter sets out the main thesis of the book: concepts are individuated by their origin. It also gives a preliminary indication of how this approach can help solve the puzzles.


Meaning's Role in Truth

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

There is a widespread view of truth, tracing back at least to Frege, on which we may say all there is to say about what truth is without so much as mentioning words. This chapter shows that this view ... More


Meaning and Reference

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on word reference, and shows that the meaning of an expression cannot be identified with its reference to things in the world, rather than its expression of ideas in the mind. It ... More


Donnellan’s Blocks

John Perry

in Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The name “Jacob Horn” comes from the book The Horn Papers (1945), published and apparently written by William Horn of Topeka, Kansas. He presented this book to the public as if it were the newly ... More


Complex Demonstratives 70

Ernest Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson's Truth-Theoretic Semantics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199290932
eISBN:
9780191710445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290932.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter provides an analysis of complex demonstratives, constructed from a demonstrative and a nominal, such as ‘that man’ or ‘that politician’. It considers five views about the semantic role ... More


Conditionals, Truth, and Assertion

Dorothy Edgington

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the conditional probability of the consequent given the antecedent is crucial to understanding indicative conditionals. However, unlike Jackson, it denies that the truth ... More


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