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Vagueness and Degrees of Truth

Nicholas J. J. Smith

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233007
eISBN:
9780191716430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233007.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book argues that an adequate account of vagueness must involve degrees of truth. The basic idea of degrees of truth is that while some sentences are true and some are false, others possess ... More


A Theory of Presentism

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I begin by laying down three conditions which any theory of time should meet: it should accord with our view that certain statements about the past are true; that the truthmakers for those statements ... More


Intersubstitutivity and the Purpose of Truth

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter investigates the importance of the intersubstitutivity of True(p) with p, which has to be abandoned in all classical-logic theories. It concedes that minor exceptions to ... More


Kripke's Theory of Truth (Strong Kleene Version)

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter is an exposition of the strong Kleene version of Kripke's fixed point semantics, and the theories of truth that can be obtained from it. Emphasis is put on the distinction between ... More


Presupposition

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Someone may express a claim within a system of presuppositions held by his hearers. The presuppositions are however not part of the claim, and the truth-value of the claim does not depend on the ... More


Indeterminacy and Truth Value Gaps

Mark Richard

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues for the following theses. There are perfectly possible meanings (ones of a sort one would think are possessed by many vague predicates) which would necessitate a predicate's being ... More


Supernumeration: Vagueness and Numbers

Peter Simons

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is a notable discrepancy between philosophers and practitioners on approaches to vagueness. Philosophers almost all reject fuzzy logic and a majority accept some form of supervaluational ... More


Degree of Belief is Expected Truth Value

Nicholas J. J. Smith

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A number of authors have noted that vagueness engenders degrees of belief, but that these degrees of belief do not behave like subjective probabilities. So should we countenance two different kinds ... More


The Legacy of Principia

Judith Jarvis Thomson

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the legacy in question is that the force of the open question argument, together with the rejection of the Moorean idea that there are non-natural properties, motivate two ... More


The ecology and machinery of language

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Language is positioned in its ecological setting as part of the human mind, intentionally related to the actual and to virtual worlds and functional in a social force field. Grammar defines fully ... More


Semantic Paradoxes

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter defends the view that the semantic paradoxes are bona fide sound arguments. It states a set of conditions sufficient for contradiction and then defends the view that natural language ... More


Truth and Falsity

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses truth and related notions: the T-schema, meaning, assertion, falsity. It defends the T-schema, and argues for a teleological account of truth. It concludes with a discussion ... More


Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Rachel Cohon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book interprets the moral philosophy of David Hume, focusing on two areas: his metaethics and the artificial virtues. The book first reinterprets Hume's claim that moral distinctions are not ... More


An Introduction to Paraconsistent Dialetheism

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter introduces ‘dialetheic’ approaches, according to which Liar sentences are both true and false, indeed both true and not true. (Some contradictions are accepted.) Dialetheism provides ... More


The Space of Possible Theories of Vagueness

Nicholas J. J. Smith

in Vagueness and Degrees of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233007
eISBN:
9780191716430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233007.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter presents the main existing theories of vagueness, as well as some possible theories which have not yet found advocates. Each theory is presented not necessarily as it was first presented ... More


Truth, Falsity, and Unity

Richard Gaskin

in The Unity of the Proposition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the question: What distinguishes a declarative sentence from a mere list of words? The tradition has always assumed that declarative sentences are semantically complex, and it ... More


Representing the World Egocentrically

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Relativism and Monadic Truth Herman Cappelen and John Hawthorne set out to defend a monadic theory of truth that takes all propositions to have truth-values simpliciter. The core of their argument ... More


Logic and entailment

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in The Logic of Language: Language From Within Volume II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559480
eISBN:
9780191721144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559480.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter describes the basic notions of logic, entailment, truth value, bivalence and multivalence, truth‐value gap, proposition, logical form. It discusses the distinction between sentence types ... More


Why Beliefs Are Never True: A Reconstruction of Stoic Epistemology

Katja Maria Vogt

in Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916818
eISBN:
9780199980291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

According to the Stoics, beliefs are not evaluated as “true” or “false.” This aspect of Stoic epistemology, though rather stark, has not been noted by interpreters. The chapter is devoted to ... More


Frege on Truth (1986)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows that Frege's argument that sentences have truth values as their Bedeutungen (denotations) depends on his composition principle for denotation and on his view of the theoretically ... More


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