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Kripke's Theory of Truth (Strong Kleene Version)

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter is an exposition of the strong Kleene version of Kripke's fixed point semantics, and the theories of truth that can be obtained from it. Emphasis is put on the distinction between ... More


Indeterminacy and Truth Value Gaps

Mark Richard

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues for the following theses. There are perfectly possible meanings (ones of a sort one would think are possessed by many vague predicates) which would necessitate a predicate's being ... More


Semantic Paradoxes

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter defends the view that the semantic paradoxes are bona fide sound arguments. It states a set of conditions sufficient for contradiction and then defends the view that natural language ... More


Truth and Falsity

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses truth and related notions: the T-schema, meaning, assertion, falsity. It defends the T-schema, and argues for a teleological account of truth. It concludes with a discussion ... More


Intersubstitutivity and the Purpose of Truth

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter investigates the importance of the intersubstitutivity of True(p) with p, which has to be abandoned in all classical-logic theories. It concedes that minor exceptions to ... More


A Bogus Predicate?

Wolfgang Künne

in Conceptions of Truth

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241316
eISBN:
9780191597831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241317.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

According to Frege, truth is at best a very strange kind of property. I expound Frege's redundancy/omnipresence thesis according to which the two sides of an instance of the Denominalization Schema ... More


‘To Pee and not to Pee?’ Could That Be the Question? (Further Reflections of The Dog) *

Jay Garfield

in The Law of Non-Contradiction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199265176
eISBN:
9780191713989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265176.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Priest's LP is formulated with truth value gaps, but no gluts. The Dog argues on epistemological grounds that a paraconsistent logic with truth value gaps as well as gluts is better than one with ... More


Logic and entailment

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in The Logic of Language: Language From Within Volume II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559480
eISBN:
9780191721144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559480.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter describes the basic notions of logic, entailment, truth value, bivalence and multivalence, truth‐value gap, proposition, logical form. It discusses the distinction between sentence types ... More


The MBT View

Ofra Magidor

in Category Mistakes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199572977
eISBN:
9780191758942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572977.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter focuses on a second semantic approach to category mistakes: the MBT view, according to which category mistakes are meaningful but truth-valueless. First, a general argument is presented ... More


Indeterminacy and Truth Value Gaps

Mark Richard

in Truth and Truth Bearers: Meaning in Context, Volume II

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198747765
eISBN:
9780191811531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747765.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues for the following theses. There are perfectly possible meanings (ones of a sort one would think are possessed by many vague predicates) which would necessitate a predicate’s being ... More


Possibilities

Hale Bob

in Necessary Beings: An Essay on Ontology, Modality, and the Relations Between Them

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669578
eISBN:
9780191765186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669578.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Standard world semantics typically assumes that possible worlds are complete or maximal, in the sense that every proposition is determinately true or false at any given world. An alternative form of ... More


Truth and Truth Bearers: Meaning in Context, Volume II

Mark Richard

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198747765
eISBN:
9780191811531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747765.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book contains nine chapters originally published between 1980 and 2014 plus four new chapters and an introduction putting the chapters in context. Each chapter is an attempt, in one way or ... More


Introduction

Mark Richard

in Truth and Truth Bearers: Meaning in Context, Volume II

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198747765
eISBN:
9780191811531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747765.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter puts the other chapters in their historical and philosophical context. Among the topics discussed are propositional truth, relativism, the nature of propositions, opacity, ... More


Interactions between Plain Conditionals and Quantifiers

Timothy Williamson

in Suppose and Tell: The Semantics and Heuristics of Conditionals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198860662
eISBN:
9780191893391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860662.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

First, the role of ‘if’ in articulating instances of universal generalizations is considered: what ‘Every F is a G’ tells us about a given object is ‘If it is an F, it is a G’; the truth-functional ... More


Classical Approaches: An Overview of the Current Debate

Andrew Bacon

in Vagueness and Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198712060
eISBN:
9780191780264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712060.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 argued against nihilist, universalist, and non-classical approaches to vagueness, leaving only the view that sorites sequences have cutoff points left. However, many questions about the ... More


A Practical Solution to the Problem of Empty Singular Thought

Imogen Dickie

in Empty Representations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199647057
eISBN:
9780191761041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647057.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a distinction between practically and classically oriented thought about particulars, and it argues that this distinction generates an improvement on extant accounts of cases of ... More


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