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Truth and Words

Gary Ebbs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book explains how to define a disquotational truth predicate that we are directly licensed to apply not only to our own sentences as we use them now, but also to other speakers' sentences and ... More


Lessons of the Liar

Scott Soames

in Understanding Truth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195123357
eISBN:
9780199872114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195123352.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In proving that the language of arithmetic does not contain its own truth predicate, Tarski demonstrated that the claim that a language both satisfies certain minimal conditions and contains its own ... More


Converging on Values: Cognition and Sentiment

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reconsiders the intuitive conception of truth which any account of ‘qualified judgements’ and ‘suitable subjects’ will have to subserve. There are many alternative conceptions of truth; ... More


Frege's Conception of Logic

Warren Goldfarb

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Goldfarb depicts salient differences between Frege’s and the contemporary philosophical conceptions of logic. On the contemporary conception, logical properties such as validity and consequence are ... More


Anaphorically Unrestricted Quantifiers

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter deals with the formalization of anaphorically unrestricted pronouns. The result is a family of logical systems very close in their metalogical properties to those of the first-order ... More


What is Truth, and What is a Theory of Truth?

Tim Maudlin

in Truth and Paradox: Solving the Riddles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247295
eISBN:
9780191601781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Considers criteria of adequacy for a theory of truth. The semantics of the truth predicate is explicated, together with accounts of what the proximate and ultimate truth conditions of logically ... More


Deflationism

Alexis G. Burgess and John P. Burgess

in Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144016
eISBN:
9781400838691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144016.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the debate over deflationism versus inflationism regarding the question “What do the different truths about different topics all have in common, to make them all truths?” ... More


Deflated Truth Pluralism

Jc Beall

in Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195387469
eISBN:
9780199332427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387469.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents what is called ’deflated truth pluralism.’ The aim is not to argue for a particular version of deflated truth pluralism, but rather only to illustrate the sort of view involved. ... More


Tarski

Alexis G. Burgess and John P. Burgess

in Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144016
eISBN:
9781400838691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144016.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers a simplified account of the most basic features of Alfred Tarski's model theory. Tarski foresaw important applications for a notion of truth in mathematics, but also saw that ... More


Soundness, Epistemology, and Frege’s Project

Joan Weiner

in Taking Frege at his Word

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198865476
eISBN:
9780191897832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865476.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Insofar as the use of natural language to introduce, discuss, and argue about features of a formal system is metatheoretic, there can be no doubt: Frege has a metatheory. But what kind of metatheory? ... More


Pluralism and Paradox

Aaron J. Cotnoir

in Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195387469
eISBN:
9780199332427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387469.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The paradoxes are a problem for pluralists about truth. While alethic pluralists have generally set discussion of the paradoxes aside, this chapter argues that paradox issues have direct implications ... More


Maximizing Classical Compositionality

Leon Horsten

in The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism and Axiomatic Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015868
eISBN:
9780262298643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015868.003.0085
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter endeavors to investigate and test how much Tarski’s compositional theory of truth can be consistently extended. In earlier chapters, it has been shown that Tarski’s compositional and ... More


Truth and Philosophy

Leon Horsten

in The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism and Axiomatic Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015868
eISBN:
9780262298643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015868.003.0117
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the relationship between philosophy and the concept of truth. Philosophers naturally seek a theory of truth for the entire language; however, an adequate definition of truth ... More


Islands: Survey

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows that Classical NEG Raising (NR) is sensitive to syntactic islands and considers a range of cases where it is blocked by island constraints, such as those involving clausal ... More


Pragmatics of truth assessment

Peter Lasersohn

in Subjectivity and Perspective in Truth-Theoretic Semantics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199573677
eISBN:
9780191831898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573677.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter explores the ways in which a context of assessment can provide a value for the perspective parameter relative to which denotations are assigned. Just as it would be oversimple to regard ... More


Internal categoricity and truth

Tim Button and Sean Walsh

in Philosophy and Model Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198790396
eISBN:
9780191863424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790396.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter considers whether internal categoricity can be used to leverage any claims about mathematical truth. We begin by noting that internal categoricity allows us to introduce a truth-operator ... More


Never Raising

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter deals with the phenomenon known as Never Raising and shows that it represents a syntactic raising phenomenon. It first considers problems in a potential nonsyntactic account of Never ... More


Assertion and other speech acts

Peter Lasersohn

in Subjectivity and Perspective in Truth-Theoretic Semantics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199573677
eISBN:
9780191831898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573677.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter examines the notion of relative truth as it relates to the theory of speech acts, especially assertion. At a basic level, assertion involves portraying content as true; we consider which ... More


Definability and Diagonalization

Raymond M. Smullyan

in Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195046724
eISBN:
9780197560037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195046724.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In this chapter we establish some basic facts about Σ1-relations and functions that will be needed for the rest of this study. We also introduce the notion of ... More


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