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Reference without Referents

R. M. Sainsbury

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199241804
eISBN:
9780191602696
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241805.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book concerns the nature of reference, and the theory it develops is intermediate between direct reference theories and descriptivist theories. A guiding thought is that just as truth conditions ... More


Introduction

Jeffrey C. King

in The Nature and Structure of Content

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199226061
eISBN:
9780191710377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226061.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with a brief analysis of why philosophers believe in propositions. The main purpose of the book is then discussed, which is to formulate and defend a detailed account ... More


Alternative Logics and the Role of Truth in the Interpretation of Languages

Jody Azzouni

in New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199296309
eISBN:
9780191712272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296309.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Tarski-style theories of truth are drafted by many semanticists into providing truth-conditional semantic theories for languages. Universally assumed by practitioners in this area of semantics is ... More


The Enlightenment Problem and a Common Assumption

Jennifer Saul

in Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199219155
eISBN:
9780191711848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219155.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins the diagnosis of The Enlightenment Problem. It argues that theorists have tended to proceed as if they adhere to a principle that this book terms Expressed or Implicated (EOI). ... More


Truth and the Absence of Fact

Hartry Field

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This is a collection of papers, written over many years, with substantial postscripts tying them together and giving an updated perspective on them. The first five are on the notions of truth and ... More


Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Charles Travis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a series of chapters which develops the author's distinctive view of the relation of thought to language. The key idea is ‘occasion-sensitivity’: what it is for words to express a ... More


Deflationist Views of Meaning and Content

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Attempts to motivate and clarify a radically ‘deflationist’ view of the relations of ‘meaning that’ and ‘having the content that’, and to defend it against many of the arguments that are widely ... More


What Is a Theory of Meaning? (II)

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

To know the meaning of a sentence is to know its truth‐conditions. Yet, in what does the knowledge of truth‐conditions consist? In many cases, it consists in knowing the way in which the truth of the ... More


Deflating Compositionality

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The meaning of any sentence derives from the meanings of its words and from how those words are syntactically combined with one another. But what explains this ‘principle of compositionality’, and ... More


Truth Conditions and Semantics

Jody Azzouni

in Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The aim of this chapter is to show that allowing languages to have ontologically neutral idioms, both quantificational and singular, poses no problems for semantic theories of such languages. The ... More


Abandoning (EOI)

Jennifer Saul

in Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199219155
eISBN:
9780191711848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219155.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins by exploring what would be needed to evade fully The Enlightenment Problem, arguing for the abandonment not only of EOI but also of some important variants of EOI. It then ... More


The Significance of Tarski's Theory of Truth

Scott Soames

in Understanding Truth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195123357
eISBN:
9780199872114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195123352.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Can Tarski's definition of truth be taken to be an analysis of truth – i.e., a method of defining formal truth predicates that are capable of playing the role of truth in all theoretical contexts in ... More


Radical and Moderate Pragmatics: Does Meaning Determine Truth Conditions?

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Semantics versus Pragmatics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199251520
eISBN:
9780191719165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251520.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A central thesis in the philosophy of language, at least since Frege and Russell, is that the meaning of (declarative) sentences determines the conditions under which they are true. Of course, ... More


Meaning and Reference

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on word reference, and shows that the meaning of an expression cannot be identified with its reference to things in the world, rather than its expression of ideas in the mind. It ... More


Logic and Semantics in the Twentieth Century

Gabriel Sandu and Tuomo Aho

in The Development of Modern Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137316
eISBN:
9780199867912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137316.003.0040
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explores logical semantics, that is, the structural meaning of logical expressions like connectives (it is not the case that, either or, if … then), quantifiers (there is, for all, ... More


Meaning's Role in Truth

Charles Travis

in Occasion-Sensitivity: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230334
eISBN:
9780191710605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230334.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

There is a widespread view of truth, tracing back at least to Frege, on which we may say all there is to say about what truth is without so much as mentioning words. This chapter shows that this view ... More


Conditionals, Truth, and Assertion

Dorothy Edgington

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the conditional probability of the consequent given the antecedent is crucial to understanding indicative conditionals. However, unlike Jackson, it denies that the truth ... More


Pronouns: anaphora and demonstration

R. M. Sainsbury

in Reference without Referents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199241804
eISBN:
9780191602696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241805.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Discusses two main uses of pronouns—anaphoric and demonstrative. These pronouns can belong to an intelligible sentence even if they have no referent, so they vindicate the thesis of RWR. A test for ... More


An Alternative Approach

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter offers an alternative approach to assigning truth conditions to complex descriptive sentences. Truth conditions are first motivated as a kind of composite of the assertability conditions ... More


Minimal Semantics

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270255
eISBN:
9780191601477
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270252.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Seeks to defend a formal (e.g. truth-conditional) approach to semantic theorizing from advocates of so-called ‘dual pragmatics’ (e.g. relevance theorists or contextualists). I argue, first, that ... More


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