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Chapter Chapter Market Innovations to Better Allocate Generational Risk

Salvador Valdés‐Prieto

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Mandatory old-age benefit programs tend to require periodic adjustments as a result of demographic and economic shocks. However, such discretionary adjustments create political risk for workers and ... More


FILP under Stress

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0028
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The original purpose of Japan's Fiscal Investment Loan Programme (FILP) was to contribute to fixed capital formation by allocating funds to dedicated functional organizations at the national, ... More


Capitol Crime Extravaganza

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The high crime rates of the early 1990s and a string of sensational crimes from coast to coast set the stage in 1994 for the most extensive and costly federal anticrime bill ever. Bill Clinton had ... More


Domestic Constituencies Speak: The End of Fixed Parity and the Rise of Development Lending

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the development stage of the relationship between the IMF and World Bank, when the work of both converged on lending in developing countries. The primary exogenous shock came ... More


The Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe

John R. Hinnells

in The Zoroastrian Diaspora: Religion and Migration

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198267591
eISBN:
9780191683329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267591.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions, Religious Studies

This chapter examines the history of the Trust Funds of Europe and Zoroastrians in Great Britain, France, and Germany. There are a number of key turning points in the history of Zoroastrians in ... More


Social Security, the Government Budget, and National Savings

Peter Diamond

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on the implication of overlapping generation models on government policies. The government can choose a higher tax rate than the ‘pay as you go’ rate, to increase the baby boomer ... More


The Law of Property

F H Lawson and Bernard Rudden

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299936
eISBN:
9780191685811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299936.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This is a new edition of the well-established Property text in the renowned Clarendon Law Series. It is completely revised and updated, addressing all recent legislative changes in the law relating ... More


Child Future Savings Account: Social Security for Children

Duncan Lindsey

in The Welfare of Children

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136715
eISBN:
9780199894079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136715.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter proposes a “social savings” approach that would break the continuing “cycle of poverty” among children. This is essentially the same approach that was used to end poverty among the ... More


The Social Security Trust Fund, the Riskless Interest Rate, and Capital Accumulation

Andrew B. Abel

in Risk Aspects of Investment-Based Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092553
eISBN:
9780226092560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092560.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter considers the existence of a defined-benefit pension system in which a social security trust fund is accumulated as a buffer between payroll tax receipts and pension expenses of the ... More


A Demogrant

Julian Le Grand

in Motivation, Agency, and Public Policy: Of Knights and Knaves, Pawns and Queens

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266999
eISBN:
9780191600869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266999.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Discusses an idea for turning pawns into queens of which the author was an initiator: the idea of a universal stakeholder or demogrant to every young adult. A similar idea has been termed ... More


Nonmarketable Treasury Debt

Kenneth D. Garbade

in Birth of a Market: The U.S. Treasury Securities Market from the Great War to the Great Depression

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016377
eISBN:
9780262298674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016377.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the issuance of nonmarketable Treasury debt in the second half of the 1930s. It begins by describing an early example of a government trust fund and the first instance of a ... More


Where America’s 20th-Century Highway Model Came From

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

19th-century highways were mostly private turnpikes. The “good roads” movement led to some early 20th-century federal funding. Tolls were used mostly by public toll authorities. The 1956 Interstate ... More


Charles Conant and the Fund of Trust

Jeffrey Sklansky

in Sovereign of the Market: The Money Question in Early America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226480336
eISBN:
9780226480473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226480473.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter focuses on the financial journalist Charles Conant, who championed a new American empire of investment in the Caribbean and across the Pacific at the turn of the twentieth century, ... More


Our Troubled Highway System

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Highway users face chronic congestion, rough roads, and deficient bridges. This chapter provides a capsule history of U.S. highway funding and management. It compares highways with other vital public ... More


The Structure, Financing, and Processes of Federally Mandated Comparative Effectiveness Research and Why They Matter

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Throughout the legislative odyssey of federal policy on comparative effectiveness research from 2002 to 2008, the specifics of the policy took many different forms. While opponents to ... More


Funding International Organizations

Xu Yi-chong and Patrick Weller

in The Working World of International Organizations: Authority, Capacity, Legitimacy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198719496
eISBN:
9780191788598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198719496.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the internal competition and coordination in mobilising resources from regular and extra-budgetary sources at the six IOs. As the traditional assessed contribution from member ... More


Change Research: A Case Study on Collaborative Methods for Social Workers and Advocates

Corey Shdaimah, Roland Stahl, and Sanford Schram

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151795
eISBN:
9780231525367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151795.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Collaborating with community members adds a critical dimension to social work research, providing practitioners with intimate knowledge of a community's goals and needs while equipping community ... More


Sorting Out the Trust Fund Semantics and Realities

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues surrounding the Social Security trust fund. The assets in the Social Security trust funds are special-issue federal bonds prescribed by law. Some 130–135 million workers ... More


‘About the most dangerous of all these organisations’: The Czech Refugee Trust Fund

Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

in A matter of intelligence: MI5 and the surveillance of anti-Nazi refugees, 1933-50

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719090790
eISBN:
9781781707357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090790.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines the Czech Refugee Trust Fund (CRTF), originally set up by the British government after the Munich Agreement as the British Committee for Refugees from Czechoslovakia in October ... More


Confusions About Social Security

Paul Krugman

in The Economists' Voice: Top Economists Take On Today's Problems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231143653
eISBN:
9780231527866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231143653.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In response to the Bush administration's plan to privatize Social Security, this chapter addresses the three main points of confusion in the Social Security debate. These are: (i) the meaning of the ... More


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