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Theaetetus: What is Knowledge?

Lloyd P. Gerson

in Knowing Persons: A Study in Plato

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199288670
eISBN:
9780191717789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288670.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The central thesis of this chapter is that Theaetetus reinforces the account of knowledge in Republic. Theaetetus does this despite the nominal άπορία at the end of the dialogue. This view seems ... More


Belief and Truth in the Theaetetus

Katja Maria Vogt

in Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916818
eISBN:
9780199980291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Part II of the Theaetetus discusses the proposal that knowledge is true belief. Contrary to widespread views, the chapter argues that this proposal deserves to be taken seriously, and is taken ... More


The Value and Importance of Knowledge

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

There has been a recent renewal of interest — inspired in part by Jonathan Kvanvig — in questions about whether knowledge is of distinctive epistemic value and, more general, what exactly is of ... More


Pragmatism and Inquiry: Selected Essays

Isaac Levi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199698134
eISBN:
9780191742323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698134.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This volume presents a series of chapters which investigate the nature of intellectual inquiry: what its aims are and how it operates. The starting-point is the work of the American Pragmatists C. S. ... More


Knowledge and involvement. What makes truth valuable?

Edward Craig

in Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238799
eISBN:
9780191597237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238797.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The concept of knowledge is a concept formed and operated by active beings who need to direct their activity. This, according to Craig, explains two features associated with the concept of knowledge: ... More


Epistemic Normativity

Ernest Sosa

in A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a distinctive account of the normativity that is constitutive of knowledge. This account is used to throw light on the much discussed value problem that derives from Plato's Meno: ... More


Intellectual Motivation and the Good of Truth

Linda Zagzebski

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the problem of what makes knowledge more valuable than mere true belief. Otherwise known as the value problem, it distinguishes four ways a belief can possess value by ... More


Ugly Analyses and Value

Michael R. DePaul

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines an argument that a number of philosophers have recently employed to show that something ordinarily considered valuable is not, in fact, valuable. The argument begins by ... More


Truth as the Epistemic Goal

Marian David

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examines the difficulties involved in explaining what is distinctive about epistemic – as opposed to prudential or moral – justification by invoking the truth goal: roughly, the goal of believing ... More


Value Matters in Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter takes up how value matters in epistemology, and considers the Meno problem (“In what way is knowledge better than merely true belief?”) as to the content and plausibility of the claim ... More


Evolution

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines arguments saying that the rationality thesis is an empirical truth. The general argument, based on evolutionary theory, is initially quite appealing, and many philosophers have ... More


Knowledge as Credit for True Belief

John Greco

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that by attending to the illocutionary force of knowledge attributions — specifically, that they serve to give credit to the believer for getting things right — fallibilists can ... More


Virtues in Epistemology

John Greco

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ”Virtues in Epistemology,” John Greco presents and evaluates two main notions of intellectual virtue. The first concerns Ernest Sosa's development of this concept as a disposition to grasp truth ... More


The Value of Knowledge

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter turns to the value of knowledge. If the primary aim of inquiry is the acquisition of true beliefs, where does this leave knowledge? Is not it more valuable than mere true belief? The ... More


Everyday Knowledge: When Does S Know That P?

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Thinking about Knowing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251339
eISBN:
9780191598326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251339.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Addresses the classical ‘justified true belief’ account of knowledge. Examines Robert Fogelin's reinterpretation of the traditional analysis as conjoining assessments of epistemic propriety and ... More


Insufficiency of the various analyses. The ‘No false lemma’ principle. Its rationale—and its effect

Edward Craig

in Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238799
eISBN:
9780191597237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238797.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The practical explication suggests that all attempts to state necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge will either produce a set of conditions that is insufficient, or will achieve ... More


When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Richard Foley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A woman glances at a broken clock and comes to believe it is a quarter past seven. Yet, despite the broken clock, it really does happen to be a quarter past seven. Her belief is true, but it isn't ... More


Scepticism

Peter Poellner

in Nietzsche and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250630
eISBN:
9780191598258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250630.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Presents Nietzsche's critical reflections directed at traditional metaphysical categories such as the external world, substance, causation, and self. Targeted theories include the doctrine of ... More


Epistemic Value

Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, and Duncan Pritchard (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains a collection of chapters on value in epistemology. Two themes loom large. One is about the value of knowledge. There are problems deriving from Plato's Meno concerning whether ... More


Important Truths

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers how to divide true beliefs that potentially rise to the level of knowledge from those that do not. Theories of knowledge identify a dimension for making the division. Other ... More


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