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The Epic of Return

Mark Edele

in Soviet Veterans of World War II: A Popular Movement in an Authoritarian Society, 1941-1991

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237562
eISBN:
9780191717185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237562.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the experience of demobilization, in particular between 1945 and 1948. The mass return of soldiers to the Soviet Union was marred by considerable disorganization, violence, ... More


Frontal Ramming: Structural Considerations

William M. Murray

in The Age of Titans: The Rise and Fall of the Great Hellenistic Navies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388640
eISBN:
9780199932405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388640.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

An authentic bronze warship ram from the Hellenistic period was found in the sea near Athlit, Israel, in 1980. The superior physical properties of its casting and heavy wooden support structure are ... More


Meeting C. Hart Merriam

Barbara R. Stein

in On Her Own Terms: Annie Montague Alexander and the Rise of Science in the American West

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520227262
eISBN:
9780520926387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227262.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter takes a look at Alexander's newest interest after the 1905 African safari, which was the collection of dead animal skulls. It studies skeleton preparation and the lengths Alexander went ... More


Heads as Memorials and Status Symbols: The Collection and Use of Skulls in the Torres Strait Islands

Heather Bonney and Margaret Clegg

in The Bioarchaeology of the Human Head: Decapitation, Decoration, and Deformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813035567
eISBN:
9780813041766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035567.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter utilizes ethnographic reports and physical studies of skulls from the Torres Strait Islands to differentiate a decorated skull of a relative from a head collected as a trophy. ... More


Melanesian Modeled Skulls, Mortuary Ritual, and Dental X-Rays: Ancestors, Enemies, Women, and Children

Michelle Bonogofsky and Jeremy Graham

in The Bioarchaeology of the Human Head: Decapitation, Decoration, and Deformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813035567
eISBN:
9780813041766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035567.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Perceived attractiveness and fecundity in youthful male and female individuals were determining factors in the selection of skulls for postmortem treatment in Melanesia deriving from both relatives ... More


Marquesan Trophy Skulls: Description, Osteological Analyses, and Changing Motivations in the South Pacific

Frédérique Valentin and Noémie Rolland

in The Bioarchaeology of the Human Head: Decapitation, Decoration, and Deformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813035567
eISBN:
9780813041766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035567.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The motivation behind the collection and decoration of skulls deriving from ancestors and enemies in the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia changed following European contact in the eighteenth ... More


The Education of a Hunter

George C. Frison

in Survival by Hunting: Prehistoric Human Predators and Animal Prey

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231900
eISBN:
9780520927964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231900.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the training of prehistoric hunter. It provides an overview of sensory indicators used by both humans and animals and explains that the ability to exploit best the clues ... More


How the Wari Fashioned Trophy Heads For Display: A Distinctive Modified Cranium from Cuzco, Peru, and Comparison to Trophies from the Capital Region

Valerie A. Andrushko

in The Bioarchaeology of the Human Head: Decapitation, Decoration, and Deformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813035567
eISBN:
9780813041766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035567.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines a distinctive modified cranium from Cuzco that represents the first Wari trophy head from the southern Peruvian highlands. The Cuzco modified cranium was found in 2006 at the ... More


Nasca Trophy Head Origins and Ancient DNA

Kathleen Forgey

in The Bioarchaeology of the Human Head: Decapitation, Decoration, and Deformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813035567
eISBN:
9780813041766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035567.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the origins of culturally modified human crania, or “trophy heads,” from the Early Nasca phases (ad 1–450) of the Nasca culture (ad 1–750) of the South Coast of Peru, where ... More


Mapping the Territory of Animal Law

Charlotte E. Blattner

in Protecting Animals Within and Across Borders: Extraterritorial Jurisdiction and the Challenges of Globalization

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190948313
eISBN:
9780190948344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190948313.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Chapter 1 cuts through the tangle of scholarly arguments that obscure the law of jurisdiction, and offers a robust conceptual framework in which jurisdiction and extraterritoriality can be situated. ... More


Trophies, Relics, and Props: The Life Histories of Objects

Philip Schwyzer

in Shakespeare and the Remains of Richard III

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676101
eISBN:
9780191762840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676101.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter charts the early modern afterlives of a range of objects associated with the reign and person of Richard III. While some of these things survived because they remained useful in the ... More


Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire: A Social Bioarchaeology of Imperialism in the Ancient Andes

Tiffiny A. Tung

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037677
eISBN:
9780813042183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037677.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The Wari Empire was one of the first politically centralized civilizations in the New World, governing various parts of the Peruvian Andes between ad 600 and 1000. This study of human skeletons ... More


Corporeal Icons of Wari Imperialism: Human Trophy Heads and Their Representations

Tiffiny A. Tung

in Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire: A Social Bioarchaeology of Imperialism in the Ancient Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037677
eISBN:
9780813042183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037677.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter describes the 21 human trophy heads recovered from Conchopata, examining how they more fully explicate the role of militarism and violence in the Wari Empire, and comparing strontium ... More


Violence against Women: Differential Treatment of Local and Foreign Females in the Heartland of the Wari Empire, Peru

Tiffiny A. Tung

in The Bioarchaeology of Violence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041506
eISBN:
9780813043876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041506.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Previous studies of iconographic and skeletal evidence suggest that a Wari (AD 600-1000) military class in the Peruvian Andes engaged in the capture of prisoners from both local and foreign locales. ... More


Biological Distance Analysis in Contexts of Ritual Violence

William N. Duncan

in The Bioarchaeology of Violence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041506
eISBN:
9780813043876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041506.003.0013
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The focus of this study by William N. Duncan is to use dental traits that represent biological relatedness to explore sacrifice and ritual violence using a collection of crania from the Post classic ... More


Where are the Warriors?: Cranial Trauma Patterns and Conflict among the Ancient Maya

Vera Tiesler and Andrea Cucina

in The Bioarchaeology of Violence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041506
eISBN:
9780813043876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041506.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Patterns of cranial trauma in a skeletal series recovered from 63 well-documented Classic and Post classic period Maya sites were analyzed by examining the extent and role of violence and captive ... More


The Nasca Culture: Civilization in the Desert

Christina A. Conlee

in Beyond the Nasca Lines: Ancient Life at La Tiza in the Peruvian Desert

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813062020
eISBN:
9780813051857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062020.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The Nasca culture of the Early Intermediate Period was the first large, complex, regional integrated society centered in the region. This chapter explores the nature of complexity during the Nasca ... More


Remembering Place: The Use of Souvenirs

Judith A. Bennett

in Natives and Exotics: World War II and Environment in the Southern Pacific

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832650
eISBN:
9780824871369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832650.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter outlines the different types of postwar mementos and their meanings. On battlefields, collecting such things signaled hopes for a postwar existence. Men collected three types of ... More


Introduction: Moral Victories—The Ethics of Winning Wars

Cian O’Driscoll and Andrew R. Hom

in Moral Victories: The Ethics of Winning Wars

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198801825
eISBN:
9780191840395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801825.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

What is victory in war? If one is fighting for a just cause, is it a dereliction of duty to settle for anything less than victory? Can victory ever be worthy of the sacrifices made in its pursuit? ... More


Camera Hunting in America

Matthew Brower

in Developing Animals: Wildlife and Early American Photography

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816654789
eISBN:
9781452946191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816654789.003.0002
Subject:
Art, Photography

This chapter examines the 1890s American practice of camera hunting in relation to issues of gender and nationalism. In camera hunting, photographers adapted hunting techniques to assist in the ... More


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