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Consequences of species loss for ecosystem functioning: meta-analyses of data from biodiversity experiments

Bernhard Schmid, Patricia Balvanera, Bradley J. Cardinale, Jasmin Godbold, Andrea B. Pfisterer, David Raffaelli, Martin Solan, and Diane S. Srivastava

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

A large number of studies have now explicitly examined the relationship between species loss and ecosystem function. Analyzed by two independent groups, the results from such experiments show that ... More


Food-web relationships and community structures in high-latitude lakes

Kirsten S. Christoffersen, Erik Jeppesen, Daryl L. Moorhead, and Lars J. Tranvik

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Lakes at high latitudes represent a range of biotic complexity imposed by strong abiotic limitations that are differentially ameliorated by biogeographic factors between the northern and southern ... More


Marine Food Webs: Conceptual Development of a Central Research Paradigm

Bruce Menge

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the history of recent scientific understanding of food webs, particularly shallow water food webs. The chapter outlines a history of key papers ranging from Elton to the most ... More


Use of Time in the Phenology of Vertical Species Interactions

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the role of time in vertical species interactions. Vertically structured communities are those shaped primarily by interactions among organisms at different trophic levels. ... More


Modelling Marine Ecosystems and Their Environmental Forcing

Francisco E. Werner, Alfredo Aretxabaleta, and Karen Pehrson Edwards

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents a brief review and description of some of the issues in modelling and the status of modelling efforts. It attempts to link and explain changes in climate and in pelagic marine ... More


Adapt or Live: Adaptation, Convergent Evolution, and Plesiomorphy

Liliana M. Dávalos, Andrea L. Cirranello, Elizabeth R. Dumont, Stephen J. Rossiter, and Danny Rojas

in Phyllostomid Bats: A Unique Mammalian Radiation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226696126
eISBN:
9780226696263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226696263.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

A diversity of cranial phenotypes and feeding ecologies characterizes phyllostomid bats. However, many subfamilies share a similar insect-feeding morphotype, apparently stable over millions of ... More


Enrichment, trophic structure, and stability

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on how enrichment at the base of a food web or food chain influences trophic structure, energy flow, dynamics, and stability. Included in enrichment is new living biomass ... More


Evidence for Bottom-Up Control of Upper-Trophic-Level Marine Populations: Is It Scale-Dependent?

GEORGE L. HUNT JR.

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the evidence for a bottom-up limitation of upper-trophic-level fish, marine birds, and marine mammals. It presents evidence of the role of food limitation on population size and ... More


Use of Time in the Phenology of Horizontal Species Interactions

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter addresses the role of time in horizontal species interactions. Horizontal, or lateral, species interactions are those involving individuals within a single trophic level in the same ... More


Desert Food Webs and Ecosystem Ecology

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Food webs in deserts are often perceived to be simple. However, deserts have simple food webs only if the animals involved are small. Deserts may also have complex interactions in their food webs, ... More


Ecology of Urban Amphibians and Reptiles: Urbanophiles, Urbanophobes, and the Urbanoblivious

Bruce W. Grant, George Middendorf, Michael J. Colgan, Haseeb Ahmad, and Michael B. Vogel

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores how the ability of herpetofauna to persist and/or thrive in urban ecosystems is constrained by some of the very traits that characterise them, including relatively limited ... More


Introduction: A Framework for Biodiversity Studies

James R. Gosz and Avi Perevolotsky

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Biodiversity is regarded as a scientific concept, a measurable entity, as well as a social–political construct (Gaston 1996, Wilson 1993). The aim of this volume is to develop the scientific basis ... More


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