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Time Lags in Terrestrial and Marine Environments

Eric Post

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Temporal lags in the response of populations to climatic variation associated with the NAO are widespread in both terrestrial and marine environments. The existence of both immediate and lagged ... More


Biodiversity and aquatic food webs

Helmut Hillebrand and Jonathan B. Shurin

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Biodiversity in freshwater food webs can be considered in terms of the number of species occupying unique trophic positions or the number of species within a trophic position. Either can affect ... More


Feeding Mechanisms and Trophic Interactions

MICHAEL H. HORN and LARA A. FERRY-GRAHAM

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The composition of the present-day California marine fish fauna is largely a reflection of trophic interactions. This chapter first organizes the subject of food and feeding in fishes into three ... More


Spatial structure and dynamics in a marine food web

Carlos J. Melián, Jordi Bascompte, and Pedro Jordano

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Trophic interactions, as many other relevant ecological processes, are spatially extended. Previous work has pointed out the importance of the spatial domain for understanding food webs. This chapter ... More


Reef Fishes: Diversity, Feeding, and Food Chains

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses some of the characteristics of reef fish ecology that lead to such a wide range of forms and sizes seen in reef fish. Geographic drivers for fish diversity are examined at a ... More


Trophic Interaction Networks and Ecosystem Services

Christopher J. Whelan, Diana F. Tomback, Dave Kelly, and Matthew D. Johnson

in Why Birds Matter: Avian Ecological Function and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226382463
eISBN:
9780226382777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226382777.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Birds function within their ecosystems in ways that include many direct and indirect chains of trophic interaction. In some interaction chains, birds exert top-down effects in “trophic cascades.” ... More


Energetic organization and food web stability

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter uses the tool developed in Part I of the book to disentangle the observed relationship between the architecture of the food webs and their stability. Here, the stability of the developed ... More


Functional webs

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter takes a look back at the energy flux food web description that was developed in the previous chapter and attempts to derive a functional food web description from it. A functional food ... More


Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

John C. Moore and Peter C. de Ruiter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book bridges the gap between the energetic and species approaches to studying food webs, addressing many important topics in ecology. Species, matter, and energy are common features of all ... More


Managed ecosystems: biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use

Louise Jackson, Todd Rosenstock, Matthew Thomas, Justin Wright, and Amy Symstad

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the effects of management and intensification processes on biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. It begins with a meta-analysis of studies conducted along landscape ... More


Modeling compartments

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores a special type of community organization: the compartmentalization and hierarchal arrangement of trophic interactions, energy flow, and biomass in space and time. Beginning with ... More


Predation and Trophic Cascades in Kelp Communities

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses grazing, which is the major agent of loss of kelp second to water motion and natural senescence of fronds. A rich and diverse array of species makes their living feeding on ... More


Evolving in the Community

Mark A. McPeek

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how species in simple community modules evolve in order to adapt to one another. It first considers the ecological basis of natural selection before discussing the three general ... More


Connectedness food webs

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses how food webs are connected, through the use of a connectedness food web description. This is a simple box-and-arrow diagram that depicts the trophic interactions – or the ... More


Resource Limitation

W. stanley Harpole, Leah Goldstein, and Rebecca J. Aicher

in California Grasslands: Ecology and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252202
eISBN:
9780520933972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252202.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The productivity of California grasslands is limited by nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, or water at various sites, and studies finding limitation by multiple resources are common. This ... More


Dynamics: Density‐ and Frequency‐Dependent Changes in Trait Distributions

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although we must understand the mechanical nuts and bolts of inheritance, evolution occurs through changes in the population frequencies of traits, trait values, and genes in time and space, values ... More


Migration impacts on communities and ecosystems: empirical evidence and theoretical insights

Ricardo M. Holdo, Robert D. Holt, Anthony R.E. Sinclair, Brendan J. Godley, and Simon Thirgood

in Animal Migration: A Synthesis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568994
eISBN:
9780191774676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the role of animal migrations for the communities and ecosystems that surround them. Animal movement can impact ecosystems through the transfer of materials, by shifting the ... More


Reef fish: Evolution, diversity and function

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, Graham M. Pilling, and Nicholas A. J. Graham

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198787341
eISBN:
9780191829420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787341.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses factors that have led to reef fish diversity. Geographic drivers for fish diversity, ranging from global historical events to local-scale drivers, are examined. Age and growth ... More


Alternative Theories of Trophic Interaction

Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg

in How Species Interact: Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913831
eISBN:
9780190267902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913831.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the alternative ways to interpret elemental trophic interactions mathematically. It outlines the prey-dependent models, predator-dependent models, and ratio-dependent models ... More


Ocean Acidification: Knowns, Unknowns, and Perspectives

Jean-Pierre Gattuso and Jelle Bijma

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0020
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Although the changes in the chemistry of seawater driven by the uptake of CO2 by the oceans have been known for decades, research addressing the effects of elevated ... More


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