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Time Lags in Terrestrial and Marine Environments

Eric Post

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Temporal lags in the response of populations to climatic variation associated with the NAO are widespread in both terrestrial and marine environments. The existence of both immediate and lagged ... More


Modelling Marine Ecosystems and Their Environmental Forcing

Francisco E. Werner, Alfredo Aretxabaleta, and Karen Pehrson Edwards

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents a brief review and description of some of the issues in modelling and the status of modelling efforts. It attempts to link and explain changes in climate and in pelagic marine ... More


Towards a food web perspective on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Bradley Cardinale, Emmett Duffy, Diane Srivastava, Michel Loreau, Matt Thomas, and Mark Emmerson

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

While one of the most striking features of our planet is its great variety of life, studies show that ongoing biodiversity loss could reduce the productivity of ecosystems by as much as 50%. However, ... More


Phytoplankton and primary production

Michael P. Lizotte

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The phytoplankton comprises a diverse array of photosynthetic organisms. The majority of polar lakes are classified as ultra-oligotrophic based on maximum chlorophyll concentrations. However, few ... More


Food-web relationships and community structures in high-latitude lakes

Kirsten S. Christoffersen, Erik Jeppesen, Daryl L. Moorhead, and Lars J. Tranvik

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Lakes at high latitudes represent a range of biotic complexity imposed by strong abiotic limitations that are differentially ameliorated by biogeographic factors between the northern and southern ... More


Community and Ecosystem Consequences of Grass Endophytes

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Despite their minute biomass relative to other species, endophytes have the potential to have profound effects on community structure and diversity and ecosystem functions. For agronomic grasses, ... More


Marine Food Webs: Conceptual Development of a Central Research Paradigm

Bruce Menge

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the history of recent scientific understanding of food webs, particularly shallow water food webs. The chapter outlines a history of key papers ranging from Elton to the most ... More


Kelp Forest Food Webs in the Aleutian Archipelago

James A. Estes

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the current understanding of the kelp forest ecosystems of Alaska by focusing on the key role that otters, killer whales, and man have played in the ecological organization of ... More


Conclusions: An Ecosystem Perspective of Shallow Marine Reefs

Tim R. McClanahan and George M. Branch

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes what the authors consider to be the key and general organizing principles of kelp forests and coral reefs along gradients of oceanography, latitude, and effects of fishing and ... More


Food web patterns and the parasite's Perspective

Michael V. K. Sukhdeo and Alexander D. Hernandez

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Food webs are theoretical abstractions of the complex linkages and interactions that are thought to occur in nature. Although few real food webs have actually been characterized scientifically, there ... More


Dynamics of marine ecosystems: ecological processes

Coleen L. Moloney, Astrid Jarre, Shingo Kimura, David L. Mackas, Olivier Maury, Eugene J. Murphy, William T. Peterson, Jeffrey A. Runge, and Kazuaki Tadokoro

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

GLOBEC studies focused on biological—physical interactions of target species in different study regions, emphasizing responses of organisms to varying physical forces. Population‐level processes were ... More


How Does Nutrition Structure Ecosystems?

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter assesses the consequences of individual nutrition for populations and the assemblages of species that comprise ecological communities. However, the ecological consequences of nutrition ... More


Biodiversity and aquatic food webs

Helmut Hillebrand and Jonathan B. Shurin

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Biodiversity in freshwater food webs can be considered in terms of the number of species occupying unique trophic positions or the number of species within a trophic position. Either can affect ... More


Spatial structure and dynamics in a marine food web

Carlos J. Melián, Jordi Bascompte, and Pedro Jordano

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Trophic interactions, as many other relevant ecological processes, are spatially extended. Previous work has pointed out the importance of the spatial domain for understanding food webs. This chapter ... More


Role of network analysis in comparative ecosystem ecology of estuaries

Robert R. Christian, Daniel Baird, Joseph Luczkovich, Jeffrey C. Johnson, Ursula M. Scharler, and Robert E. Ulanowicz

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Estuaries are excellent ecosystems for testing the veracity of the inferences of ecological network analysis for three reasons. First, more network analyses have been conducted on estuaries than any ... More


Pattern and process in food webs: evidence from running waters

Guy Woodward, Ross Thompson, Colin R. Townsend, and Alan G. Hildrew

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Studies on streams provide some of the most detailed and best resolved webs yet available, and provide a means to test food web theory. These systems can be used to test patterns in connectance webs ... More


Transplantation studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Removed insular cortex (IC – about 3 mm3) can be substituted 60 days later by homotopic fetal IC transplant allowing CTA relearning. Similar attempts to compensate the lesioned amygdala by ... More


More Examples: Adaptive Diversification in Dispersal Rates, the Evolution of Anisogamy, and the Evolution of Trophic Preference

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores three more examples that all arise in the context of fundamental ecological and evolutionary questions to further illustrate the diversifying force of frequency-dependent ... More


Chemical Biomarker Applications to Ecology and Paleoecology

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a brief historical account of the success and limitations of using chemical biomarkers in aquatic ecosystems. It also introduces the general concepts of chemical biomarkers as ... More


Community dynamics

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the very prominent succession of species that characterizes the communities living in temporary waters. It examines the important biological factors that influence these ... More


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