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Harming People in Peter Unger’s Living High and Letting Die

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Peter Unger has tried to show that relying on intuitive judgments is a worthless methodology for finding principles, and he has also offered a novel approach to the Trolley Problem. Unger, however, ... More


Between Some Rocks and Some Hard Places: On Causing and Preventing Serious Loss

Peter Unger

in Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108590
eISBN:
9780199868261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108590.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The distortional psychological tendencies that promote misleading responses to moral cases not linked to lessening distant suffering are difficult to identify given the complexities in accounting for ... More


Wrongdoing and Motivation

Victor Tadros

in The Ends of Harm: The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199554423
eISBN:
9780191731341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554423.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

The traditional, but now unfashionable, interpretation of the means principle is that it is worse to harm a person intentionally than it is to harm them as a side-effect of one's actions. This ... More


Experiments, Intuitions, and Methodology in Moral and Political Theory 1

David Copp

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral and political philosophers commonly appeal to moral “intuitions” at crucial points in their reasoning. This chapter considers recent challenges to this practice—here referred to as “the ... More


Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

F. M. Kamm

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality, Mortality as a whole deals with certain aspects of ethical theory and with moral problems that arise primarily in contexts involving life‐and‐death decisions. The importance of ... More


Who Turned the Trolley?

F. M. Kamm

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lecture I begins with a brief history of changing views on what the Trolley Problem is and attempts to solve it. The lecture then critically examines Judith Thomson’s recent view that a moral ... More


Defending the Means Principle

Victor Tadros

in The Ends of Harm: The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199554423
eISBN:
9780191731341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554423.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

One central objection to general deterrence as a justification of punishment is that it is wrong to harm offenders as a means to the greater good. This requires us to evaluate the principle that it ... More


Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

F. M. Kamm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The author of this book is an ethical theorist working in philosophy today. She is known for her brand of analysis, largely in defense of a nonconsequentialist perspective—the view that some actions ... More


The Use and Abuse of the Trolley Problem: Self-Driving Cars, Medical Treatments, and the Distribution of Harm

F. M. Kamm

in Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190905033
eISBN:
9780190905071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905033.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a brief overview of what are known as standard Trolley Problem Cases. Next, it points out that many cases that are presented as Trolley Problem Cases in the AI ethics ... More


Neuroscience and Moral Reasoning

Walter Glannon

in Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines claims by some cognitive psychologists conducting functional neuroimaging experiments about the neural basis of moral intuitions. It questions the idea that there are distinct ... More


Threshold Deontology and Its Critique

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.02
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses moderate (or threshold) deontology, its critique, and possible responses. Deontological theories prioritize values such as autonomy, human dignity, and keeping one's promises ... More


Kamm on the Trolley Problems

Judith Jarvis Thomson

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In her article “Turning the Trolley,” the author of this comment argued that the bystander may not turn the trolley onto one to save five. Lecture I argued that this view is mistaken. This comment ... More


What Does Matter?: The Case for Killing the Trolley Problem (or Letting it Die)

Barbara H. Fried

in Facing Up to Scarcity: The Logic and Limits of Nonconsequentialist Thought

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198847878
eISBN:
9780191882487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847878.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The trolley problem and cognate hypotheticals have played an outsized role in nonconsequentialist thought over the past fifty years. Taking Parfit’s On What Matters as a jumping-off point, the ... More


The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts

F.M. Kamm

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199897520
eISBN:
9780199950249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises chapters that discuss aspects of war and other conflicts in the light of both nonconsequentialist ethical theory and the views of such theorists as Barbara Herman, Jeff McMahan, ... More


A Kantian Solution to the Trolley Problem

Pauline Kleingeld

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 10

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198867944
eISBN:
9780191904578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867944.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes a solution to the Trolley Problem in terms of the Kantian prohibition on using a person ‘merely as a means.’ A solution of this type seems impossible due to the difficulties it ... More


The Trolley Problem Mysteries

F.M. Kamm

Eric Rakowski (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Suppose you can stop a trolley from killing five people, but only by turning it onto a side track where it will kill one person. May you turn the trolley? What if the only way to rescue the five is ... More


Introduction

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is about nonconsequentialist ethical theory and some alternatives to it, either substantive or methodological. It explores nonconsequentialism and the Trolley Problem as well as particular ... More


Introduction

Eric Rakowski

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The trolley problem asks for moral justification. Is it morally permissible (as many people believe) for someone to divert a runaway trolley that would kill five people to where it will kill one ... More


Trolleys and Permissible Harm

Thomas Hurka

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This comment discusses the book's positive account of the trolley problem, given in the Principle of Permissible Harm. This principle says an act that causes both a greater good and a lesser evil is ... More


Mitigated aporia

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The scenarios of Chapter 15 induce a state of aporia: a (metalevel) scepticism about our ability to answer Cartesian scepticism. This is similar to the state of aporia that can be induced by ... More


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