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The Trolley Problem

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part I considered how to determine whether there is a moral difference between killing and letting die per se, but in the two chapters of Part II, the consideration is when it is and when it is not ... More


Harming Some to Save Others

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Continues the consideration of when it is and is not permissible to kill some to save others, by presenting a new proposal (related to an earlier one made by the author) for a Principle of ... More


Case Studies

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets about testing empirically the claim that philosophical practice involves an implicit reliance on intuitions. It does this by examining ten philosophical thought experiments in ... More


Security Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares a system of human rights guarantees of security with libertarian natural rights. Security rights are a solution to a collective action problem that would arise in a state of ... More


WHY MACHINE MORALITY?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Artificial moral agents are necessary and inevitable. Innovative technologies are converging on sophisticated systems that will require some capacity for moral decision making. With the ... More


Balancing

Kai Möller

in The Global Model of Constitutional Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199664603
eISBN:
9780191745751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664603.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

When there is a conflict of personal autonomy interests, constitutional law recommends that the competing autonomy interests are to be ‘balanced’. The chapter first presents four concepts of ... More


Permissible Rights Infringements, Benefits, and Compensation

Lisa Hecht

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy Volume 8

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192856906
eISBN:
9780191947681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192856906.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Sometimes it is permissible to infringe an individual’s rights against harm in order to save others from greater harm. It has been a matter of extensive debate if and by whom victims of permissible ... More


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