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Naturalistic action

in Apraxia: The Cognitive side of motor control

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199591510
eISBN:
9780191756344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In contrast to use of single tools, naturalistic multistep actions with multiple tools and objects are equally affected by left, right, or diffuse brain damage. However, different mechanisms underlie ... More


Science

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Disciplines in the Making: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567874
eISBN:
9780191721649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567874.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Some have seen science as a uniquely modern Western phenomenon, hypothesising a Great Divide between ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ societies, roughly those with and those without science. Others, however, have ... More


METHODS OF STRUCTURE SOLUTION

Sander Van Smaalen

in Incommensurate Crystallography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570820
eISBN:
9780191718762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570820.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter provides an overview of the methods of structure solution of incommensurately modulated crystals and composite crystals. Assuming the periodic average structure is known, it is shown ... More


Issues in Africa's Industrial Policy Process

Matsuo Watanabe and Atsushi Hanatani

in Good Growth and Governance in Africa: Rethinking Development Strategies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698561
eISBN:
9780191738142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698561.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This article explores the possibility of industrial policy in Africa based on Asia's experience from the 1970s onwards. African economies have seen a good performance in recent years. The growth ... More


Intelligently Steering Toward More Communitarian Technological Societies

Taylor Dotson

in Technically Together: Reconstructing Community in a Networked World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036382
eISBN:
9780262340861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036382.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter applies the intelligent trial-and-error framework developed by Edward Woodhouse and David Collingridge to technologies that impact community life. The framework has generally been used ... More


Technically Together: Reconstructing Community in a Networked World

Taylor Dotson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036382
eISBN:
9780262340861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036382.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This book provides an account of community through the lens of the politics of technology. That is, how do the artifacts, infrastructures, sociotechnical systems and techniques that constitute ... More


Styles of rationality

Ruth Garrett Millikan

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines rational processes that involve the so-called ‘trials and errors in the head’. It explains that evolution conducts trial ... More


Decision-making and planning

Richard Passingham

in What is special about the human brain?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Both humans and macaque monkeys have the ability to make use of their working memory, or the ability to perform mental operations, for their individual benefits. Unlike humans, however, the macaque ... More


Human prefrontal cortex: generating goals from instructions and imagination

Richard E. Passingham and Steven P. Wise

in The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex: Anatomy, Evolution, and the Origin of Insight

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199552917
eISBN:
9780191741807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552917.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines the function of the human prefrontal (PF) cortex in the generation of goals from imagination and instructions. It explains the external and the microstructure and internal ... More


The world within

Peter Gärdenfors

in How Homo Became Sapiens: On the evolution of thinking

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528517
eISBN:
9780191689543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528517.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Trial-and-error is a time-consuming and sometimes dangerous process which Skinnerian beings use to know something. However, if an animal can represent the world in an inner world, it can more or less ... More


A Brief History of the Circuit Courts

William M. Richman and William L. Reynolds

in Injustice On Appeal: The United States Courts of Appeals in Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195342079
eISBN:
9780199332397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342079.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the history of the circuit courts of appeals. For the first hundred years, there was no separate set of intermediate courts of appeals, though Congress had experimented with ... More


A Kit to Drive Innovation, Anywhere

Luis Perez-Breva and Nick Fuhrer

in Innovating: A Doer's Manifesto for Starting from a Hunch, Prototyping Problems, Scaling Up, and Learning to Be Productively Wrong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035354
eISBN:
9780262336680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035354.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

You have a choice to set up a way for yourself or anyone else to start innovating right away. You just need something to empower exploration, and it ought to consist of things that already exist. If ... More


Operating on the Problem through Trial and Error

Luis Perez-Breva and Nick Fuhrer

in Innovating: A Doer's Manifesto for Starting from a Hunch, Prototyping Problems, Scaling Up, and Learning to Be Productively Wrong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035354
eISBN:
9780262336680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035354.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Figuring out how to show that your problem is wrong is, in essence, how you work your way through innovating. As you do so, try to imagine the next thing about your innovation prototype that will ... More


Mastering the Multitrack: Conclusions

Adam Patrick Bell

in Dawn of the DAW: The Studio as Musical Instrument

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190296605
eISBN:
9780190296643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190296605.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, American

Chapter 8 discusses the significance of the studio as musical instrument and its implications for music education. The stories of Michael, Tara, Tyler, and Jimmy depict a music education with DIY ... More


Rationality in capuchin monkey's feeding behaviour?

Elsa Addessi and Elisabetta Visalberghi

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the rationality in the feeding behaviour of capuchin monkeys and provides a cautionary perspective on the link between ... More


Philosophical Heuristics and Philosophical Creativity

Alan Hájek

in The Philosophy of Creativity: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199836963
eISBN:
9780199362547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199836963.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Mind

They say that anyone of average talent can become a strong chess player by learning and internalizing certain chess heuristics—“castle early,” “avoid isolated pawns,” and so on. Analogously, ... More


The Innovative Entrepreneur

Arthur M. Diamond Jr.

in Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190263669
eISBN:
9780190263706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263669.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Cognitively diverse project entrepreneurs are the ones most likely to succeed at making a ding in the universe. Project entrepreneurs are more effective because they are more likely to persevere at ... More


Experimentalist Governance for Technology Upgrading: New Industrial Policy Process

Yevgeny Kuznetsov

in The Challenges of Technology and Economic Catch-up in Emerging Economies

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192896049
eISBN:
9780191918537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192896049.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The chapter extends the familiar Schumpeterian notion of creative destruction to the public-sector domain by asking a practical “how to” question: how policymakers can set priorities assuming that ... More


Hope for a Better Future

Arthur M. Diamond Jr.

in Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190263669
eISBN:
9780190263706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263669.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Pessimists predict the end of technological progress, but secular (long-term) stagnation is due to bad policies, not to having picked the low-hanging fruit, as illustrated by innovative medical ... More


On the Failure of the Remaining Two Attempts to Analyse Episteme: 187b–210a

Catherine Rowett

in Knowledge and Truth in Plato: Stepping Past the Shadow of Socrates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199693658
eISBN:
9780191850561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693658.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter suggests that Theaetetus’s second and third definitions of episteme fail because doxa, true or false, with or without an account, is always parasitic upon conceptual content. The latter ... More


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