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Reparations and Mental Health: Psychosocial Interventions Towards Healing, Human Agency, and Rethreading Social Realities

M. Brinton Lykes and Marcie Mersky

in The Handbook of Reparations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199291922
eISBN:
9780191603716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199291926.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This paper provides an overview of psychosocial and mental health theory and practice as it has emerged in contexts of war, post-war, and transitional situations. It identifies several models that ... More


The Psychology of Terrorism Fears

Samuel Justin Sinclair and Daniel Antonius

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388114
eISBN:
9780199949816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388114.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The psychology of terrorism, in its most basic form, is about fear. While academics continue to debate the meaning of terrorism, the end result for many people affected is fear and terror. However, ... More


Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Human emotional suffering has been studied for centuries, but the significance of psychological injuries within legal contexts has only recently been recognized. As the public becomes increasingly ... More


Symptoms and syndromes of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter provides a typology of disorders of fear and anxiety — such as anxiety disorder, phobias including agoraphobia, panic, and social anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and ... More


BUILDING A FRAMEWORK: Health, Stress, Crisis, and Trauma

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The field of trauma response has been influenced by a number of theories that contribute to understanding. Stress theories consider the cumulative impact of working and living in stressful ... More


In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Cheryl Regehr and Ted Bober

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

In the wake of disaster, emergency service workers including police officers, firefighters, and paramedics are first on the scene and last to leave. Their heroic actions save lives, provide comfort ... More


THE RIGHT STUFF: Trauma and Coping

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The training and personality style of emergency responders prepares them to deal with high drama situations. However, this exposure has an impact on their emotional and psychological well-being. This ... More


Working with traumatically bereaved children

William Yule and Patrick Smith

in Brief Interventions with Bereaved Children

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199561643
eISBN:
9780191730313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561643.003.0016
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Losing a sibling or even a parent can have a rather profound effect on a child. However, there are some deaths that can easily induce trauma in a child, specifically sudden and unexpected deaths. Two ... More


Childhood Bereavement Studies

Grace Hyslop Christ

in Healing Children's Grief: Surviving a Parent's Death from Cancer

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195105919
eISBN:
9780199893973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195105919.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

This chapter summarizes studies that underscore the support children feel when they are informed, and are an integral part of a family that does not withhold important information from them. Four ... More


The Hippocampus and Post-Traumatic Disorders

J. Douglas Bremner and Eric Vermetten

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The hippocampus plays an important role in post-traumatic mental disorders. Alterations in the hippocampus have been shown in patients with a number of stress-related mental disorders, including ... More


General Assessment Issues with Psychological Injuries

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Forensic assessors know sufficient information about psychological injuries to be dangerous—to claimants, to insurers, to the courts, and to themselves. This chapter seeks to increase the knowledge ... More


Detecting Exaggeration and Malingering in Psychological Injury Claims

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the methods for identifying exaggeration and malingering in civil forensic evaluations involving post-traumatic stress disorder. The discussion is divided into four sections: (a) ... More


Developmental Impact

David Finkelhor

in Childhood Victimization: Violence, Crime, and Abuse in the Lives of Young People

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342857
eISBN:
9780199863631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342857.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter examines how the impact of victimization changes over the course of childhood. It provides a critique of the dominant traumatic stress model for analyzing victimization impact, ... More


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

This chapter reviews the evidence basis for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents. The bulk of the research involves cognitive-behavioral therapy ... More


Adapting to Crisis

Carla L. Storr, Daniel Lakin, and Wietse A. Tol

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Crises are all too common, as each year, billions of people across the globe are exposed to potentially traumatic events. This chapter primarily describes crisis responses from a US-focused ... More


Gender, Trauma, and Distress

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses exposure to potentially traumatic events and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), limitations of current knowledge and future research directions, and the ... More


Judicial Stress: A Topic in Need of Research

Jared Chamberlain and James T. Richardson

in Stress, Trauma, and Wellbeing in the Legal System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199829996
eISBN:
9780199301492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829996.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter will explore the emerging issue of judicial stress, through a review of relevant research, policies, and procedures, and provide recommendations for future research and policy. Existing ... More


Writing at the Margin: Discourse Between Anthropology and Medicine

Arthur Kleinman

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520209657
eISBN:
9780520919471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520209657.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

In this collection, a scholar in medical anthropology takes stock of his recent intellectual odysseys. An anthropologist and psychiatrist who has studied in Taiwan, China, and North America since ... More


Common Vulnerabilities in Psychological Evidence

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Mental health conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are presumed to be valid constructs and are relevant to the legal arena of psychological injuries. This chapter ... More


Therapeutic Interventions with Israeli Children Exposed to Continuous Traumatic Stress of Political Violence

Tamar Lavi

in Handbook of Political Violence and Children: Psychosocial Effects, Intervention, and Prevention Policy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190874551
eISBN:
9780190874582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190874551.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews theoretical and clinical issues related to living under continuous traumatic stress (CTS) due to exposure to political violence. Through an analysis of CTS experienced by the ... More


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