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Diffuse axonal injury

JOHN T. POVLISHOCK and CAROLE W. CHRISTMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the factors involved in the genesis of diffuse axonal injury and the factors involved in its attendant morbidity. Topics covered include the pathobiology of brain injury, ... More


Is more aggressive treatment of pediatric traumatic brain injury worth it?

J. Mick Tilford and Ali I. Raja

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem worldwide and is often referred to as the ‘silent epidemic’. The uncertainty faced by clinicians in treating children with severe brain injuries ... More


Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult

Gerri Hanten and Harvey S. Levin

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the effect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on memory skills in children. To provide a framework for the discussion of the neurobehavioral consequences of TBI in children, it ... More


Social Support After a Partner’s Traumatic Injury: Situational, Relationship, and Individual Difference Predictors

Natalya C. Maisel, Amy J. Rauer, Grant N. Marshall, and Benjamin R. Karney

in Support Processes in Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195380170
eISBN:
9780199864355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380170.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Intimate partners are a crucial source of support for survivors of traumatic injury, but partners may vary in the support they provide. When are partners most likely to provide support after a ... More


Brain and Spinal Cord Injury

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Up to 50% of all trauma deaths in the United States involve significant injury to the brain or spinal cord. This chapter highlights the public health significance of traumatic brain and spinal cord ... More


Effect of orbitofrontal lesions on mood and aggression

Pamela Blake and Jordan Grafman

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the effects of lesions in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) on mood states and aggressive behavior. Particular attention is paid to studies of patients with traumatic brain injury, ... More


Executive Functions after Frontal Lobe Injury: A Developmental Perspective

Vicki Anderson, Harvey S. Levin, and Rani Jacobs

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter contrasts normal cerebral and cognitive development with that of children who have sustained frontal pathology. It focuses specifically on the domain of executive function, with the ... More


Inflammatory responses to traumatic brain injury: an overview for the new millennium

Maria-Cristina Morganti-Kossmann, Mario Rancan, Philip F. Stahel, and Thomas Kossmann

in Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents an overview of the major developments in the study of inflammatory responses to traumatic brain injury (TBI), reviewing the controversial role of inflammatory responses after ... More


Cognitive and behavioural disorders following traumatic brain injury

Anna Mazzucchi

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) could be defined as an insult to the brain caused by an external force producing altered states of consciousness that result in impaired cognitive or physical functions. ... More


Residual Motor Function after Spinal Cord Injury

Milan R Dimitrijevic

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter introduces the concept that, following traumatic injury, spinal cord neural circuitry and its connections to and from supralesional centers are altered and highly individualized. It ... More


The Effects of Focal and Diffuse Brain Injury on Behavior: Assessing “A Slice of Life” with Neuropsychology and Multimodal Neuroimaging

Brian Levine

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0069
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Standardized neuropsychological tests are often ineloquent to the real-life deficits endured by patients with damage to the frontal lobes. The Strategy Application Test was designed to mimic real ... More


Traumatic Brain Injury

Vani Rao

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant cause of disability in the United States, with an incidence of about 1.5 million cases per year (National Institutes of Health Consensus Development ... More


Criteria for Biological Interventions for Spinal Cord Injury Repair

Keith Tansey and Byron A Kakulas

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter reviews the pathophysiological status of the spinal cord after injury and establishes criteria for biological intervention. It details the pathological cascade that occurs during the ... More


Functional Wounds of an Invisible Injury: Visualizing Cognition in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Benjamin T. Dunkley and Margot J. Taylor

in Fifty Years of Magnetoencephalography: Beginnings, Technical Advances, and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190935689
eISBN:
9780190935719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935689.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, History of Neuroscience

In this chapter we review magnetoencephalography (MEG) studies of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The work reviewed spans multiple analytical approaches, including task-evoked and induced ... More


Brain injury and social exclusion

Michael Oddy, Sara da Silva Ramos, and Deborah Fortescue

in Social Determinantsof Health: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Social Inequality and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447336846
eISBN:
9781447336891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336846.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the link between brain injury and social exclusion. Evidence suggests that people belonging to socially peripheral and disadvantaged groups are more likely to have suffered an ... More


Diversion Courts, Traumatic Brain Injury, and American Vets

Valerie Gray Hardcastle

in Neurointerventions and the Law: Regulating Human Mental Capacity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190651145
eISBN:
9780190651169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190651145.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that the lifetime traumatic brain injury (TBI) rates for prisoners are higher than for the general population. The impulsive and aggressive ... More


Aetiologies and anatomy of confabulation

Armin Schnider

in The Confabulating Mind: How the Brain Creates Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789680
eISBN:
9780191839016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789680.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

What diseases cause confabulations and which are the brain areas whose damage is responsible? This chapter reviews the causes, both historic and present, of confabulations and deduces the ... More


Technological Innovations to Enhance Neurocognitive Rehabilitation

Anthony J.-W. Chen, Fred Loya, and Deborah Binder

in The Role of Technology in Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190234737
eISBN:
9780197559543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234737.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Virtual Reality

In an instant, a brain injury can cause changes that affect a person for a life­time. Although traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in almost any neurological deficit, the most common and ... More


Cognitive rehabilitation outcomes for traumatic brain injury

Nancy Carney and Hugo du Coudray

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

In 1998, the Evidence-Based Practice Center (EPC) of Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) conducted a systematic review of the ... More


Concussion, neuroethics, and sport: Policies of the past do not suffice for the future

Brad Partridge and Wayne Hall

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Concussion management policies have become a major priority worldwide for sports that involve frequent collisions between participants because repeated head trauma has been associated with long-term ... More


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