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John Wyclif

Stephen Edmund Lahey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The 14th-century English philosopher and theologian John Wyclif (d. 1384) has been described as a forerunner of the Reformation, but is better understood as the last important thinker of Oxford’s ... More


The Mask of Discontinuity: Hooker in the Reigns of James II and William and Mary

Michael Brydon

in The Evolving Reputation of Richard Hooker: An Examination of Responses, 1600-1714

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199204816
eISBN:
9780191709500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204816.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The use of Hooker to promote the doctrine of passive obedience placed the Church in an impossible dilemma following the accession of James II. His reign discredited the Restoration political ... More


DENYING TRANSUBSTANTIATION: Physics, Eucharist, and Apostasy

Stephen E. Lahey

in John Wyclif

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Wyclif is infamous for being the first to deny the doctrine of transubstantiation, in which the bread and wine are held to become the body and blood of Christ in the sacrament of Eucharist. This ... More


Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Marilyn McCord Adams

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a work in historical theology and history of philosophy, combined. It focuses on how the theological data of real presence — that after the consecration of eucharistic bread and wine, ... More


Duns Scotus on Two Types of Transubstantiation

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Scotus finds Giles' ‘improvements’ on Aquinas metaphysically tangled. This chapter examines Scotus' critique and his own fresh definitions: productive transubstantiation (extant substance S1 wholly ... More


Eucharistic Eating and Drinking

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591053
eISBN:
9780191595554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Real presence plus eucharistic eating threatens to expose the Body of Christ to tearing and chewing, digestion and excretion. This chapter first examines how two medieval theories evade this ... More


Science and Religion in Constructive Engagement

Michael J. Murray

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

In recent years theologians have worked harder to incorporate the deliverances of science into their theological systems. Most of them are keen to avoid Galileo-Affair-style collision courses with ... More


Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity in the Middle Ages: With a New Introduction

Daniel J. Lasker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113515
eISBN:
9781800340411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113515.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book is based on a comprehensive reading of philosophical arguments drawn from all the major Jewish sources, published and unpublished, from the Geonic period in the ninth century until the dawn ... More


Prime Matter

Richard Cross

in The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269748
eISBN:
9780191683787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269748.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter investigates Scotus's account of prime matter. His account of matter can be examined under four areas: (1) Scotus's claim that matter ... More


The Defence of Natural Philosophy 1640–1644

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses the Meditationes, its reception, and Descartes's response. In this work, Descartes avoided theological questions (except for the doctrine of transubstantiation). Describes the structure of ... More


“If a Body Meet a Body”: Descartes on Body‐Body Causation

Michael Della Rocca

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

What are Descartes's criteria for substance, and how many material objects meet them? A passage in the Synopsis of the Meditations has led some to portray him as a monist about extended substance and ... More


This is My Body Politic: Catholic Democracy and the Limits of Representation

Elizabeth Fenton

in Religious Liberties: Anti-Catholicism and Liberal Democracy in Nineteenth-Century U.S. Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195384093
eISBN:
9780199893584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384093.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter analyzes Margaret Fuller’s journalistic accounts of the Italian Revolution, which she produced for the New York Tribune between 1848 and 1850, to show that Catholicism provided ... More


Transubstantiation

Daniel J. Lasker

in Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity in the Middle Ages: With a New Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113515
eISBN:
9781800340411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113515.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses Jewish philosophical arguments against the Christian doctrine of transubstantiation—the dogma that the bread and wine used in the mass actually became the body and blood of ... More


John Duns Scotus

Richard Cross

in Christian Theologies of the Sacraments: A Comparative Introduction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780814724323
eISBN:
9780814770634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines the theologies of the sacraments of John Duns Scotus, one of the most important theologians and philosophers of the High Middle Ages. Scotus viewed sacraments as “signs of God’s ... More


Huldrych Zwingli

Bruce Gordon

in Christian Theologies of the Sacraments: A Comparative Introduction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780814724323
eISBN:
9780814770634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter covers the sacramental theology of the Swiss Reformer Huldrych Zwingli. Zwingli viewed spirit and material as being utterly separate and therefore deemed it impossible for material ... More


Menno Simons

Scot Mcknight

in Christian Theologies of the Sacraments: A Comparative Introduction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780814724323
eISBN:
9780814770634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724323.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter addresses the Anabaptist theology of the sacraments of Menno Simons. The way the Anabaptists viewed the sacraments took considerable courage because it could be life-threatening and lead ... More


Things That Matter: The Extra Calvinisticum, the Eucharist, and John Calvin's Unstable Materiality

Ernst van den Hemel

in Things: Religion and the Question of Materiality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239450
eISBN:
9780823239498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239450.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Against the background of the problematic Protestant stance with regard to materiality, this chapter points out the impossibility of a religion that completely does away with matter. This is done by ... More


Royal Priesthood in Late Medieval England

Malcolm B. Yarnell III

in Royal Priesthood in the English Reformation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686254
eISBN:
9780191766152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686254.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Theology

Chapter 2 considers various understandings of the royal priesthood as applied to kings, priests, and people in late medieval England. While the three estates social paradigm was typically affirmed ... More


National Security and Secularization in the English Revolution of 1688

Rachel Weil

in After Secular Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804775366
eISBN:
9780804780704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804775366.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines security laws, including loyalty oaths, enforced in the wake of the English Revolution, and designed to preserve the new regime from disloyal elements, especially those known as ... More


“For This Is My Body”: James Joyce’s Unholy Office

Steve Pinkerton

in Blasphemous Modernism: The 20th-Century Word Made Flesh

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190627560
eISBN:
9780190627584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190627560.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter posits the novels of James Joyce as paradigmatic of how blasphemy works in, and as, literary modernism. Modeled on the mystery of the Eucharist, Joyce’s art typifies modernism’s profane ... More


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