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In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


Transplanting the American Model? US Automobile Companies and the Transfer of Technology and Management to Britain, France, and Germany, 1928–1962

Steven Tolliday

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Recent analyses of the dynamics of Europe's long boom after the Second World War have generally accorded a leading role to the transfer of American technology and organizational practices within a ... More


Transplants, Transfer, and Work Transformation

Tony Elger and Chris Smith

in Assembling Work: Remaking Factory Regimes in Japanese Multinationals in Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241514
eISBN:
9780191714405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241514.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter introduces long running debates about Japanese firms, both as developers of distinctive models of production and employment relations in Japan, and as the potential disseminators of ... More


Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs

T. M. Wilkinson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199607860
eISBN:
9780191731747
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607860.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Transplantation is a medically successful and cost‐effective way to treat people whose organs have failed—but not enough organs are available to meet demand. This book is concerned with the major ... More


Mafia Transplantation

Federico Varese

in Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128559
eISBN:
9781400836727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128559.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the factors that determine the success of mafia transplantation. It first sets out several theoretical insights into why mafias find it difficult to become entrenched in ... More


The Russian Mafia in Rome and Budapest

Federico Varese

in Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128559
eISBN:
9781400836727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128559.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The “Solntsevo fraternity” (Solntsevskaya bratva) is the mightiest organized crime group to emerge from the wreckage of the Soviet Union. Estimates of the size of the brotherhood (possibly ... More


Mafia Origins, Transplantation, and the Paradoxes of Democracy

Federico Varese

in Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128559
eISBN:
9781400836727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128559.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter outlines a general perspective of mafia emergence and transplantation, and offers some considerations on the relation between democracy and mafias. Recent studies have shown that mafias ... More


A General Jurisprudence of Law and Society

Brian Z. Tamanaha

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199244676
eISBN:
9780191715044
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244676.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book provides a theoretical and sociological exploration of the relationship between law and society. Law is generally understood to be a mirror of society — a reflection of its customs and ... More


Transplantation of Dopamine Neurons: Extent and Mechanisms of Functional Recovery in Rodent Models of Parkinson's Disease

Stephen B. Dunnett and Anders Björklund

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the transplantation of dopamine (DA) neurons as a powerful model for understanding the basic neurobiology and methods for achieving viable cell transplantation in the brain. ... More


Clinical Experiences with Dopamine Neuron Replacement in Parkinson’s Disease: What Is the Future?

Olle Lindvall

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0033
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Cell therapy research in Parkinson's disease (PD) seeks to develop this approach into a clinically competitive treatment. It should be emphasized, though, that during the more than 20 years since the ... More


Transplantation studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Removed insular cortex (IC – about 3 mm3) can be substituted 60 days later by homotopic fetal IC transplant allowing CTA relearning. Similar attempts to compensate the lesioned amygdala by ... More


A War of Many Parts

S. J. Connolly

in Divided Kingdom: Ireland 1630-1800

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199543472
eISBN:
9780191716553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543472.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter traces the prolonged military conflict of 1641-53. It examines the elaborate system of government, with headquarters at Kilkenny, established by the Confederate Catholics, as well as the ... More


Acquisition of Organs

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Deals with the problem of the acquisition and distribution of organs for transplantation and allows the application of the foregoing theoretical discussion of saving lives and relevant/irrelevant ... More


Procedures for Distribution

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Brings to a close the discussion of organ distribution for transplantation presented in the last four chapters of Part III of the book. Presents the argument against using procedures in determining ... More


Transplantation of Myelin-Forming Cells

William F. Blakemore and Robin J.M. Franklin

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0038
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter is divided into two sections. The first explores methodological and conceptual issues that are important when designing and interpreting glial cell transplantation studies. The second ... More


Human Neural Stem Cell–Mediated Repair of the Contused Spinal Cord: Timing the Microenvironment

Brian J. Cummings, Mitra J. Hooshmand, Desirée L. Salazar, and Aileen J. Anderson

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating and devastating condition that affects approximately 11,000 new people in the United States each year. Understanding of the pathophysiology and potential ... More


Bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Helen Balsdon and Jenny I. O. Craig

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses stem cell transplantation. It provides an overview of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the different types of transplantation, and the problems arising from this ... More


Biomedical Odysseys: Fetal Cell Experiments from Cyberspace to China

Priscilla Song

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174778
eISBN:
9781400885282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174778.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Thousands of people from more than eighty countries have traveled to China since 2001 to undergo fetal cell transplantation. Galvanized by the potential of stem and fetal cells to regenerate damaged ... More


Consent With Inducements: The Case of Body Parts and Services

Janet Radcliffe Richards

in The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195335149
eISBN:
9780199866335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335149.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the bearing of financial inducements on consent, focusing on the issue of selling kidneys for transplantation. How can it be considered unethical to sell kidneys if it is ... More


The Self-Nonself Theory

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter aims at clarifying the notions of self and nonself through a historical analysis. I show that the relationship between immunity and the identity of the organism, as well as the idea that ... More


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