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Free Enterprise and the Power of Business

John Hendry

in Between Enterprise and Ethics: Business and Management in a Bimoral Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268634
eISBN:
9780191708381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268634.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter charts the historical rise of the business corporation as an increasingly dominant social institution. Its main focus is on the growing power of business in the late 20th century, the ... More


Transnational Corporations as Instruments of Human Development

Olivier de Schutter

in Human Rights and Development: Towards Mutual Reinforcement

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199284627
eISBN:
9780191700316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284627.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter suggests a novel way of considering the human rights responsibilities of transnational corporations (TNCs). The kind of globalization recommended here proposes an enriched understanding ... More


 Defining the Subject: Subtleties and Ambiguities

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter deals with the definitions and descriptions — many of which are neither self-evident nor universally understood — that articulate the defining characteristics of FDI and MNCs. First, the ... More


The Existing System and the Missing Institutions

Deepak Nayyar

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the institutions, with a focus on the United Nations, the Bretton Woods institutions, and the World Trade Organisation, to sketch some contours of reform and change necessary ... More


New States, New State Involvement

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in The Politics of Equity Finance in Emerging Markets

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174090
eISBN:
9780199835287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174097.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that stock exchanges organized in the post-colonial era were created to indigenize a degree of foreign direct investment. Transnational corporations listing shares on exchanges in ... More


Toxic Bodies, Corporate Poisons: Local Risks and Global Systems

Ursula K. Heise

in Sense of Place and Sense of Planet: The Environmental Imagination of the Global

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335637
eISBN:
9780199869022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335637.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter, building on Ch. 4, analyzes the representation of local risk scenarios in two American novels that focus on exposure to chemical toxins, Don DeLillo’s White Noise and Richard Powers’s ... More


Transnational Corporations and Technology Flows

Sanjaya Lall

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses international systems of governance for transnational corporations (TNCs) and for technology transfer in the emerging world. This world provides a very different setting for ... More


Business Enterprises in Public International Law: the Case for an International Code on Corporate Responsibility

Andreas Heinemann

in From Bilateralism to Community Interest: Essays in Honour of Bruno Simma

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199588817
eISBN:
9780191725272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588817.003.0045
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the attention which transnational corporations have attracted in public international law over recent decades. The starting point is the world of the Codes of Conduct in the ... More


responsibility

Joshua Barkan

in Corporate Sovereignty: Law and Government under Capitalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674268
eISBN:
9781452947358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674268.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter covers the discourses of corporate social responsibility and citizenship as relatively “deterritorialized” and “non-legal” responses to problems of corporate regulation. It explores two ... More


Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Deepak Nayyar (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It is now more than fifty years since the United Nations (UN) system and the Bretton Woods institutions were created. The world has changed since then, and so have its governance needs in terms of ... More


Private Ordering and Workers’ Rights in the Global Economy: Corporate Codes of Conduct as a Regime of Labour Market Regulation

Harry Arthurs

in Labour Law in an Era of Globalization: Transformative Practices and Possibilities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199271818
eISBN:
9780191699542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271818.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter assesses the value of a corporate code of conduct as a mechanism for ensuring fair labour standards. It extends the frontiers of labour regulation to embrace what is essentially a ... More


Market Fundamentalisms Business Ethics at the Altar of Human Rights

Upendra Baxi

in The Future of Human Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195690439
eISBN:
9780199081059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195690439.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter explores a particular set of practices of resistance to the onset of the trade-related, market-friendly paradigm of human rights, which takes the form of full reassertion of the ... More


Investment Tribunals and Human Rights: Divergent Paths

Moshe Hirsch

in Human Rights in International Investment Law and Arbitration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578184
eISBN:
9780191722561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578184.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter identifies common traits as well as basically different characteristics of international human rights and investment laws. Developments in both spheres reflect fundamental structural ... More


Transnational Corporations as Drivers and Targets of Change

Duncan Green

in How Change Happens

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198785392
eISBN:
9780191833236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785392.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on transnational corporations (TNCs), not only as economic heavyweights, but also as influential players in political and social change. It traces the origins of the modern TNC ... More


The Twenty-first Century: The Economic and Social Context

Alexander Gillespie

in The Long Road to Sustainability: The Past, Present, and Future of International Environmental Law and Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198819516
eISBN:
9780191859960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198819516.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The economic and social challenges of the twenty-first century in the quest for sustainable development are multiple. On the positive side, good progress was achieved in setting clear targets and the ... More


The Campaign against G4S: Globalizing Governance Struggles

Jamie K. McCallum

in Global Unions, Local Power: The New Spirit of Transnational Labor Organizing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451935
eISBN:
9780801469480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451935.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter focuses on the Service Employees International Union's (SEIU) comprehensive campaign strategy to engage transnational corporations, i.e. negotiating with European CEOs, rather than ... More


Globalization, Trade, Work, and Health

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the pathways that tie the neoliberal phase of global capitalism to patterns of health and illness. It explores the phases of financial liberalization and the health impact of ... More


Certification Standards and the Governance of Green Foods in Southeast Asia

Steffanie Scott, Peter Vandergeest, and Mary Young

in Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012751
eISBN:
9780262255509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012751.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the certification standards for “green” foods in Southeast Asia. It highlights the role of transnational corporations in setting and enforcing standards that are required for ... More


Global Agriculture and Land Use Changes in the Twenty-First Century: Achieving a Balance between Food Security, Urban Diets, and Nature Conservation

Ximena Rueda and Eric F. Lambin

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199354054
eISBN:
9780199398959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Although most gains in food production during the past half-century have come from agricultural intensification, natural ecosystem conversion has also been rapid, leading to the oft-cited trade-off ... More


The 1990s

Alexander Gillespie

in The Long Road to Sustainability: The Past, Present, and Future of International Environmental Law and Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198819516
eISBN:
9780191859960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198819516.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The 1990s were very significant for the idea of sustainable development. This was the decade in which much of the ideological rhetoric which had marred a common view during most of the twentieth ... More


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