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The role of calcium in transmitter release

Motoy Kuno

in The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Ca2+ is an essential co-factor for transmitter release. In the absence of external Ca2+, a presynaptic impulse reaches the nerve terminal but does not release the transmitter. Intracellular ... More


How transmitter release is triggered

Motoy Kuno

in The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Calcium-activated K+ channels, originally discovered in nerve cells by Meech and Strumwasser, are now known to exist in the membranes of a variety of excitable and nonexcitable cells. In cultured ... More


Neuroeffector transmission in arteries, arterioles, and veins

Susan E. Luff, G. D. S. Hirst, and T. C. Cunnane

in The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The importance of the membrane potential-dependent and membrane potential-independent mechanisms varies from vascular bed to vascular bed and from species to species. As a generalization, in blood ... More


Modeling Synapses

Arnd Roth and Mark C. W. van Rossum

in Computational Modeling Methods for Neuroscientists

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013277
eISBN:
9780262258722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013277.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the models at different levels of realism and computational efficiency for simulating synapses and their plasticity. It outlines the experimental data that offer the parameter ... More


Modeling temporal processing

Jos Eggerrmont

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Cochlear adaptation is postulated to arise in the haircell-first auditory neuron junction due to steady-state reactions between transmitter quanta and receptor sites, thus forming ... More


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