Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 95 items

  • Keywords: transitivity x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Natural selection in closed asexual populations

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The mechanism of evolutionary change can be studied directly through selection experiments in laboratory microcosms. This chapter begins by describing the experimental approach to evolution, and goes ... More


Non‐Transitive Identity

Graham Priest

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defines a notion of identity in the second-order paraconsistent logic LP. The notion does not have the properties of transitivity or substitutivity, but these may be regained in ... More


Semantic alignment systems: what's what, and what's not

Mark Donohue

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Semantic alignment involves a split in the coding of Ss according to the verb's lexical semantics, and is related to the fact that most languages have more than one way to code the arguments of ... More


Voice and transitivity in Guaraní

Maura Velázquez‐castillo

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter shows that the closest equivalents to voice alternations in Guarani cut across the transitive divide and respond to spatial relations between events and event participants. The ... More


Introduction

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces some key concepts, including prudence and justice and the relations between them, and gives an overview of the book. It also provides an account of the methodology employed. ... More


Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Larry S. Temkin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

In choosing between moral alternatives—choosing between various forms of ethical action—we typically make calculations of the following kind: A is better than B; B is better than C; therefore A is ... More


The Method of Majority Decision and Rationality Conditions *

Satish K. Jain

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter extends the earlier work on domain conditions for social rationality under the method of majority decision (MMD) by deriving Inada-type necessary and sufficient conditions for ... More


Introduction

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to illuminate some of the key assumptions to which many are firmly committed regarding the nature of the good, moral ideals, ... More


Spectrum Arguments: Objections and Replies

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 2 through 5 presented various Spectrum Arguments which revealed an inconsistency between certain standard views regarding how to make trade-offs between different alternatives along a ... More


On the Nature of Moral Ideals: Part I

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

A fundamentally important question for practical reasoning is how best to understand the goodness of outcomes and the nature of moral ideals: Is the Internal Aspects View correct, is the Essentially ... More


Juggling to Preserve Transitivity

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Numerous arguments have been presented illustrating that a number of beliefs that people hold about ideals and the nature of the good are incompatible. Among these beliefs are various Axioms of ... More


 Causation

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This is by far the longest chapter of the book. It deals with the most important and mysterious natural modality: causation. It proceeds from the basic idea underlying all deterministic and ... More


The Prima Facie Demands of the Law on the Concept of Causation

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter takes the law pretty much at face value in describing the presuppositions about causation made by that law. It examines the cause/correlation distinction, the cause/condition ... More


The charge of circularity and the argument from the transitivity of identity

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The two most prominent criticisms of Locke’s account are the charge of circularity and the argument from the transitivity of identity. These are arguments, moreover, that any account that bases ... More


What is Evidence? Discrimination, Indication, and Leverage

Sherrilyn Roush

in Tracking Truth: Knowledge, Evidence, and Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274734
eISBN:
9780191603228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274738.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains the motivations behind a tracking view of what evidence is, and formulates such a view in terms of conditional probability. This view is a likelihood ratio confirmation theory, ... More


Euthanasia and the Moral Status of Human Beings

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the moral permissibility of euthanasia, under various controversial circumstances. It begins by distinguishing several forms of euthanasia. It argues that the human right to ... More


Rationality and Intransitive Preference *: Foundations For The Modern View

Paul Anand

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides an overview of what has been called by philosophers the “modern view“ of formal rational choice by focussing on the arguments relating to rational agency and transitive ... More


Measures and metrics: An introduction to some standard measures and metrics for quantifying network structure, many of which were introduced first in the study of social networks, although they are now in wide use in many other areas

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

If we know the structure of a network we can calculate from it a variety of useful quantities or measures that capture particular features of the network topology. This chapter looks at some of these ... More


General Objections

JC Beall

in Logical Pluralism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199288403
eISBN:
9780191700491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288403.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

By way of further clarifying logical pluralism, this chapter turns to some general objections. One objection is to argue for a pluralism about logical consequence which is wide enough to encompass ... More


Rational Choice on General Domains *

Walter Bossert and Kotaro Suzumura

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The rationalizability of a choice function on general domains by means of an ordering has been analyzed thoroughly by Richter (1966; 1971), Hansson (1968), and Suzumura (1977). Moreover, ... More


View: