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Measuring the CosmosParallax and the Transit of Venus

John C. H. Spence

in Lightspeed: The Ghostly Aether and the Race to Measure the Speed of Light

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841968
eISBN:
9780191878084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841968.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

A review of the methods the ancient Greeks used to measure the distances between the Earth and the Sun, and the Earth and the Moon, and the size of the Earth, and the lives of the personalities ... More


Big Science and the Transits of Venus: The First Race to Space

Lilach Gilady

in The Price of Prestige: Conspicuous Consumption in International Relations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226433202
eISBN:
9780226433349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226433349.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the connection between extravagant state-funded scientific megaprojects—known as Big Science—and international prestige by focusing on the Transits of Venus (TOVs). It first ... More


HMS Endeavour 1768–71

Toby Musgrave

in The Multifarious Mr. Banks: From Botany Bay to Kew, The Natural Historian Who Shaped the World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300223835
eISBN:
9780300252132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300223835.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter points out Joseph Banks's participation in determining the places to properly observe the ensuing transit of Venus. It explains that the transit of Venus is a rare astronomical event ... More


Is and Was: Poststructural Indians without Ancestry

Jodi A. Byrd

in The Transit of Empire: Indigenous Critiques of Colonialism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816676408
eISBN:
9781452947754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816676408.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter reflects upon key thinkers in American studies, queer theory, and poststructuralism to demonstrate that the United States propagates empire not through frontiers but through the ... More


Lightspeed: The Ghostly Aether and the Race to Measure the Speed of Light

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841968
eISBN:
9780191878084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841968.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

This book tells the human story of one of mankind’s greatest intellectual adventures—how we understood that light travels at a finite speed, so that when we look up at the stars we are looking back ... More


Turning the telescope to the Sun: Thomas Harriot and Johannes and David Fabricius

in On Sunspots

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226707150
eISBN:
9780226707174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226707174.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on telescopic sunspot observations in Europe. It suggests that the scientific study of spots on the Sun by European astronomers began in 1611 after the invention of the ... More


Nicole-Reine de la Briere Lepaute (1723–1788)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter talks about Nicole Lepaute, an eighteenth-century French computer that accurately calculated the passage of Halley’s Comet.


The Great Healer

Ethan Pollock

in Without the Banya We Would Perish: A History of the Russian Bathhouse

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780195395488
eISBN:
9780190051662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195395488.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

As elites in Russia became more integrated into Western culture, going to the banya became more associated with the unreformed peasantry and lower classes. Most outsiders, like the astronomer Chappe ... More


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