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Semiconductor Detector Systems

Helmuth Spieler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters ... More


Transportation, Communication, Information:: Mass and Speed

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Private transportation was transformed by mass ownership of automobiles while long-distance public transport benefited from new high-speed trains and from affordable flying. Freight transportation ... More


Digital Applications in Electronic Media Industries: Radio and TV

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the role of information technology in two electronic media industries over time: radio and TV. It describes their applications in business practices, recording and transmission ... More


TRANSISTORS AND AMPLIFIERS

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter treats transistors, their noise properties, and applications to basic circuits. First, the physics of bipolar transistors is discussed with an emphasis on device parameters important for ... More


RADIATION EFFECTS

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter first explains basic radiation damage mechanisms (i.e., displacement and ionization damage), and then applies them to sensors and transistors. Radiation damage in detector diodes ... More


Breakaway

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts the group of eight scientists' move from Shockley Semiconductor Labs to Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation, which was established under an agreement with Fairchild Camera and ... More


Invention

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Noyce's capacity for innovation and his development of the integrated circuit. The early years of Fairchild Semiconductor were also a most intellectually fertile time for ... More


The Computer Industry

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The first all-purpose digital computer, completed in 1946, was developed by John W. Mauchly and J. Prosper Eckert, and associates at the University of Pennsylvania’s Moore School of Electrical ... More


Minority rule

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter describes the work leading to the invention of the point-contact transistor at Bell Labs in 1947 by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley, together with Shockley's later ... More


Bipolar spintronics

Igor Žutić and Jaroslav Fabian

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

By incorporating spin-dependent properties and magnetism in semiconductor structures, new applications can be considered which go beyond magnetoresistive effects based on metallic systems. ... More


Spin-dependent transport in single-electron devices

Jan Martinek and Józef Barnaś

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Ultrasmall systems called quantum dots (QDs) and single-electron transistors, where Coulomb interaction (Coulomb blockade) plays an important role, are very interesting and promising devices, which ... More


Spin-transfer torques and nanomagnets

Daniel C. Ralph and Robert A. Buhrman

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents simple ideas for understanding how spin-polarized currents can be used to exert spin-transfer torques in magnetic devices. The chapter reviews recent progress for measuring the ... More


Tunnel spin injectors

Xin Jiang and Stuart Parkin

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Highly spin-polarized electron currents can be engineered in magnetic nanostructures by utilizing spin dependent tunneling and spin dependent scattering effects. In magnetic tunnel junctions with ... More


The Story of Semiconductors

John W. Orton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book provides an overview of the fascinating spectrum of semiconductor physics, devices, and applications, presented from a historical perspective. It covers the subject from its inception in ... More


Silicon, Silicon, and yet more Silicon

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter describes the establishment of silicon as the dominant semiconductor in modern electronics. Not only was it the preferred material for the manufacture of integrated circuits, but also ... More


The compound challenge

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces the advent of compound semiconductors. III-V materials such as GaAs and InP found applications in semiconductor electronics during the 1960s, where silicon's electronic ... More


Low dimensional structures

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

During the 1970s, III-V compounds and epitaxial crystal growth provided the basis for low dimensional structures (or nanostructures). The best known example is a GaAs quantum well within AlGaAs ... More


Polycrystalline and amorphous semiconductors

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter discusses two important applications of non-single crystal semiconductors: photovoltaic solar cells and large screen liquid crystal display. The electrical and optical properties of ... More


Quantum‐classical correspondence for a dc‐biased cavity resonator–Cooper‐pair transistor system

M. P. Blencowe, A. D. Armour, and A. J. Rimberg

in Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter investigates the quantum versus classical dynamics of a microwave cavity-coupled-Cooper-pair transistor (CPT) system, where a variable applied dc bias causes the system to tunably ... More


One Hundred Patents That Shaped the Modern World

David Segal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198834311
eISBN:
9780191872426
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834311.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The Internet has allowed people to access information that previously was difficult to obtain. It is important to know the information is true and accurate and does not represent ‘fake news’ or ... More


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