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Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

C. Neal Stewart

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

From years prior to the release of the first commercial transgenic crop in 1995 to the present, many concerned activists, regulators, and scientists have questioned how genetic engineering might ... More


 Evolution of the DNA World and the Chance Events That Accompanied It: More about Complexity

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

First life-forms appeared at least as early as 3.5 billion years ago in the form of prokaryotes. Some of these species developed oxygenic photosynthesis, which resulted in the presence of oxygen gas ... More


Transatlantic Risk Perceptions, Public Health, and Environmental Concerns: Coming Together or Drifting Apart?

Paulette Kurzer

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Why has the problem of tobacco energized NGOs and policy entrepreneurs in the USA but much less in the EU? Why has transgenic food provoked similar kinds of collective responses in the EU, but much ... More


Plant Biotechnology: The Magic of Making GM Plants

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Transgenic plant technology is possible because of the conservation of gene expression mechanisms among diverse organisms, in which the flow of information goes from DNA to RNA to protein. The ... More


Cross-Species Imaging Applied to the Aging Brain: Dissociating Alzheimer’s Disease from Normal Aging

Sidonie T. Jones and Scott A. Small

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Whether ‘cognitive aging’ and Alzheimer's disease are overlapping processes or whether they are mechanistically distinct has been an ongoing debate. Indeed, both the early stages of Alzheimer's ... More


Nmda Receptors

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Ionotropic glutamate receptors, including NMDA receptors, mediate most of the excitatory synaptic transmission in the mammalian central nervous system. When NMDA receptors are activated by membrane ... More


Managing Evolution: Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Farmers (beginning in the Neolithic), amateur and professional plant breeders in the last several centuries, and now molecular biologists have greatly increased our ability to genetically manipulate ... More


Conclusion: Recreating Democracy

Dennis Doyle and Takahashi Kelso

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The contributors to this book have explored some of the diverse mechanisms by which genetic engineering is changing the relationships of humans with the rest of nature, the character of commodity ... More


The Migration of Salmon from Nature to Biotechnology

Dennis Doyle and Takahashi Kelso

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses transgenic salmon, and then explores the marketing of the patented AquAdvantage salmon and the current resistance from within the salmon aquaculture industry. It also considers ... More


Casuistry and the Moral Continuum: Evaluating Animal Biotechnology

Autumn Fiester

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter presents a discussion on bioethical casuistry, demonstrating it in practice with two cases of animal biotechnology. It recommends the use of bioethical casuistry as the most useful ... More


Transgenic Animals and Wild Nature: A Landscape of Moral Ecology

Strachan Donnelley

Ceara Donnelley and Bruce Jennings (eds)

in Frog Pond Philosophy: Essays on the Relationship Between Humans and Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813167275
eISBN:
9780813175669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167275.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This discussion of the ethical debates formed in the early years of the genetic engineering of animals continues the theme of ontological and value pluralism. Dogmatic support for animal modification ... More


Evolution of Insect Resistance to Transgenic Plants

Bruce E. Tabashnik and Yves Carrière

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The remarkable ability of insects to adapt quickly to toxins used to control them threatens agriculture and human health worldwide. The quantity and variety of examples of pesticide resistance also ... More


Developing Crops with Tolerance to Salinity and Drought Stress

D. P. S. Verma

in Feeding a World Population of More Than Eight Billion People: A Challenge to Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195113129
eISBN:
9780197561119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195113129.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

Availability of water is the most important factor for crop productivity. A vast area (more than 50 million hectares) of agricultural land throughout the ... More


Prospects for Engineering Enhanced Durable Disease Resistance in Crops

Chris Lamb

in Feeding a World Population of More Than Eight Billion People: A Challenge to Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195113129
eISBN:
9780197561119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195113129.003.0020
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

Plants have evolved a battery of defense mechanisms that in aggregate provide protection against a wide range of potential viral, bacterial, fungal, and ... More


Aped, Mongrelised and Scapegoated:: Adventures in Biopolitics and Transgenics in Haraway’s Animal Worlds

Wahida Khandker

in Philosophy, Animality and the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748676774
eISBN:
9781474406468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748676774.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter returns to and takes further the analysis of Haraway's thought, based on the writings of Whitehead. Whitehead's professed interest in pre-Kantian philosophies (that is, philosophies not ... More


Ethical Issues Concerning Transgenic Animals in Biomedical Research

David B. Resnik

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter explores the scientific objection that we should curtail or stop using animals in research because animal species are often not good models for human physiology, pathology, toxicology, ... More


The Synthetic Kingdom: Transgenic Kinship in the Postgenomic Era

Sophia Roosth

in Synthetic: How Life Got Made

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226440323
eISBN:
9780226440637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226440637.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 2, “The Synthetic Kingdom,” examines Bay Area synthetic biologists building organisms that manufacture fuels and drugs, such as Jay Keasling, whose goal was to manufacture cheap antimalarial ... More


Green Bunnies and Speaking Ears: The Ethics of Bioart

Joanna Zylinska

in Bioethics in the Age of New Media

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262240567
eISBN:
9780262255141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262240567.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter talks about bioart, which means art that uses biological material such as human tissue, blood, or genes. This form of art has evoked lot of criticism from the artist fraternity. Such ... More


Bio Art: From Genesis to Natural History of the Enigma

Eduardo Kac

in Imagery in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015721
eISBN:
9780262315159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015721.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter focuses on the efforts of the author of bio art and transgenic art; he compares the advancements of biotechnology with the popularization of computers. It further discusses the author’s ... More


Sequencing the genome and beyond

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Science is defined by continual progress and new technologies. This final chapter starts with introducing what it means to sequence and assemble a reference genome. It is easy to forget that the true ... More


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