Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 26 items

  • Keywords: transcranial magnetic stimulation x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Future Prospects and Ethical Concerns in Treatment and Research

Jared Horvath, Jennifer Perez, Lachlan Forrow, Felipe Fregni, and Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive neurostimulatory and neuromodulatory technique increasingly utilized in clinics and research laboratories around the world. Exploiting the ... More


Magnetic stimulation in studies of vision and attention

Amanda Ellison, Lauren Stewart, Alan Cowey, and Vincent Walsh

in The Neuropsychology of Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter shows that short lasting, reversible functional lesions can be safely produced in healthy humans, too, by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). TMS thus establishes a novel ... More


Atypical, Suboptimal, and Changing Synergies

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The sixth part of the book reviews applications of the described approach to atypical and changing movements. It starts with a discussion of the notion of normality and its applicability to motor ... More


Management of tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

It is clear that management of tinnitus requires alterations of neural activity in the CNS. The neural substrates of tinnitus suggest various approaches to modify neural processing and change the ... More


Neurophysiological Mechanisms

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The seventh part of this book deals with possible neurophysiological mechanisms involved in motor synergies. It starts with a discussion of the structure-function controversy in neurophysiology. ... More


Electroencephalographic and Magnetoencephalographic Indices of Hemispheric Asymmetry

Alfredo Brancucci

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0164
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter describes how electroencephalography (EEG) was the first “objective” measure to be used to infer asymmetry of neuronal firing in the two hemispheres, and also considers its similarity ... More


Enhancing Cognition in the “Brain Nation”: An Israeli Perspective

Hillel Braude

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

The application of neurotechnologies in the Israeli context concentrates key economic, social, and ideological forces. The Israeli brain research and technology landscape excels in two main areas: ... More


The use of brain stimulation technology for cognitive enhancement and the potential for addiction

Mark Attiah

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The phrase “brain stimulation” conjures a vast range of emotions from different segments of society, with fear or apprehension being a common and understandable reaction. The brain reigns as the ... More


Neural Mechanisms for Action Observation

Beatriz Calvo-Merino

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The discovery of mirror neurons in the macaque monkey, or neurons in the premotor cortex that respond during the execution and perception of motor acts, established the first neurophysiological ... More


Microtemporal analyses of object perception

Bruno G. Breitmeyer

in The Visual (Un)Conscious and Its (Dis)Contents: A microtemporal approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712237
eISBN:
9780191794209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712237.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The study of visual consciousness relies on methodological approaches such as psychophysical, brain-imaging/recording, objective behavioral, and subjective descriptive ones. However, because the ... More


Language Mapping with Magnetoencephalography: Clinical and Research Applications

Panagiotis G. Simos, Susan M. Bowyer, and Kyousuke Kamada

in Fifty Years of Magnetoencephalography: Beginnings, Technical Advances, and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190935689
eISBN:
9780190935719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935689.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, History of Neuroscience

This chapter explores the applications of magnetoencephalography (MEG) to the study of the brain mechanisms for language functions. Language mapping with MEG has proved helpful in presurgical ... More


Unconscious processing revealed by visual masking

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Although the visibility of the form and surface features of a temporally prior stimulus can be completely suppressed by a temporally following one, some pre- or non-conscious processing of the former ... More


Assessing Consciousness in Other Humans: From Theory to Practice

Marcello Massimini and Giulio Tononi

in Sizing up Consciousness: Towards an objective measure of the capacity for experience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198728443
eISBN:
9780191841828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728443.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter translates the theoretical principles illustrated in Chapter 5 into an empirical measure that can be applied to real human brains. It explains how transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) ... More


Regulating Cognitive Enhancement Technologies: Policy Options and Problems

Robert H. Blank

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

The chapter first describes the policy options that are available to policy makers to regulate research, marketing, and individual use of cognitive enhancement technologies. It then examines the ... More


A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The book was written with several groups in mind: these include not only those who are starting out in imaging, but also those who have already acquired some expertise. Though the book is called a ... More


Top-Down Control over the Motor Cortex

Rogier B. Mars, Franz-Xaver Neubert, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews recent evidence of top-down control over the motor cortex during action selection under conflict and action inhibition and describes the role of the pre-supplementary motor area ... More


Numerical and Spatial Intuitions: A Role for Posterior Parietal Cortex?

Edward M. Hubbard, Manuela Piazza, Philippe Pinel, and Stanislas Dehaene

in Cognitive Biology: Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012935
eISBN:
9780262255264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012935.003.0201
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the close connection between numbers and space. First, it demonstrates the automaticity of numerical-spatial interactions via the spatial numerical association of response ... More


The background

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

in A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Imaging is one of the major tools for neuroscience but it should be seen against the background of neuroscience in general. The brain can be studied by charting its connections, by recording its ... More


Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Alvaro Pascual-Leone and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0024
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the Harvard neuroscientist, Alvaro Pascual-Leone initially reflects on the importance of ‘unlearning’ and forgetting. He then gives a detailed explanation of, and how he carries ... More


Neuroimaging as a Tool for Functionally Decomposing Cognitive Processes

William Bechtel and Richard C. Richardson

in Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014021
eISBN:
9780262265850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014021.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter describes neuroimaging as a tool for functionally decomposing cognitive processes. It looks into neuroimaging’s contribution to understanding and explaining cognitive mechanisms, and ... More


View: