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Treaty Regimes Regulating Transboundary Air Pollution

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Having considered the nature, sources, and effects of pollutants, it is necessary to assess the response of states to the problem in treaties and related agreements. These instruments are for the ... More


Nature and Sources of Pollutants

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter outlines the nature and characteristics of pollutants contributing to transboundary air pollution. It sets out the factual background against which the legal rules operate, as well as ... More


General International Law and Transboundary Air Pollution: Norms, Concepts, and Principles

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers the customary international law principles that are relevant to transboundary air pollution. It suggests that, despite the rudimentary character of the customary law regime, it ... More


Procedural Obligations of States

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

A large number of the treaties and legal instruments discussed in Chapter 2 attempt to regulate and prevent the occurrence of transboundary air pollution through the imposition of procedural duties. ... More


Transboundary Air Pollution Policy in Transition

Rolf Lidskog and Göran Sundqvist

in Governing the Air: The Dynamics of Science, Policy, and Citizen Interaction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016506
eISBN:
9780262298278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016506.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter emphasizes the importance of the critical assessment of the roles of various actors in the development of strategy for making the governance of air socially acceptable and politically ... More


Judicial Remedies for Transboundary Air Pollution

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the judicial remedies that an international tribunal may award in the face of breaches of transboundary air pollution obligations as well as the conditions for their ... More


Introduction

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to examine what states claim in the context of disputes involving transboundary air pollution and what they protest to as ... More


Non-Judicial Methods of Supervision and Enforcement

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The last two chapters were concerned with judicial methods of implementing transboundary air pollution obligations. The limitations of judicial supervision as well as the inherent problems attendant ... More


Determination of Responsibility

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the principles of state responsibility and their relevance to air pollution obligations. It also looks at the many problems involved in the application of causal principles, ... More


Fewer Boundaries and Less Certainty: The Role of Experts in European Air Policy

Göran Sundqvist

in Governing the Air: The Dynamics of Science, Policy, and Citizen Interaction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016506
eISBN:
9780262298278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016506.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the role of the findings of science and technology studies (STS) in explaining and understanding expert advice in European air policy connected to the Convention on Long-Range ... More


Conclusions

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter emphasizes the major characteristics of the existing legal regime, and outlines the main shortcomings of international law in its response to transboundary air pollution, including the ... More


State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Phoebe Okowa

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book systematically analyses the unique nature of problems that transboundary air pollution presents in international law. Although an attempt is made to present transboundary air pollution as a ... More


Environmental Diplomacy in the Cold War

Rachel Emma Rothschild

in Poisonous Skies: Acid Rain and the Globalization of Pollution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226634715
eISBN:
9780226634852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226634852.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter five discusses the growing pressure for an international accord on acid rain in the late 1970s. The Scandinavian governments, with the support of the Soviet Union and its allies, proposed an ... More


Scientists Learn Not Only Science but Also Diplomacy: Learning Processes in the European Transboundary Air Pollution Regime

Atsushi Ishii

in Governing the Air: The Dynamics of Science, Policy, and Citizen Interaction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016506
eISBN:
9780262298278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016506.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses how learning by advisory scientists in the process of scientific assessment for the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP)’s Second Sulfur Protocol, ... More


Norms of General International Law Applicable to Radioactive Contamination

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

In the last chapter it was noted that as a general rule international law prohibits states from carrying on activities in a manner that causes injury within the territory of other states. The rule is ... More


Epilogue: The Climate Change Reckoning

Rachel Emma Rothschild

in Poisonous Skies: Acid Rain and the Globalization of Pollution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226634715
eISBN:
9780226634852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226634852.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The epilogue discusses how the history of acid rain can help inform our responses to climate change. There are many parallels between the two issues, notably that the worst polluters will suffer less ... More


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