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Historical Reflections on Classical Pyrrhonism and Neo‐Pyrrhonism

Gisela Striker

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that ancient Pyrrhonists did not decide to suspend judgment, but rather claimed to have found themselves unable to arrive at any judgment. By giving up the attempt, they also ... More


Third‐Person and First‐Person Approaches to the Study of the Laozi

Gary D. DeAngelis, Warren G. Frisina, and Harold D. Roth

in Teaching the Daode Jing

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195332704
eISBN:
9780199868155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332704.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Eschewing both the uncritical faith stance of Daoism's apologists as well as the reductionist tendencies among some contemporary secularists, Harold D. Roth preaches a middle path when it comes to ... More


The Dao and the Field: Exploring an Analogy

Gary D. DeAngelis, Warren G. Frisina, and Robert G. Henricks

in Teaching the Daode Jing

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195332704
eISBN:
9780199868155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332704.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

For many years Robert Henricks has used the image of an untended field to help his students understand what the DDJ means by the Dao. Henrick's field is not a farmer's field but rather a natural ... More


‘The Most Efficient Way to Maintain…Tranquillity’: Gendarmes in Napoleonic France

Clive Emsley

in Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the importance of gendarmes in maintaining tranquility in Napoleonic France. Napoleon Bonaparte believed that gendarmes ... More


‘Compatriots and Friends’: Gendarmes Across the Empire

Clive Emsley

in Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207986
eISBN:
9780191677878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207986.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the aim of the Gendarmerie beyond the old French frontiers. The Gendarmerie aims to enforce and preserve the perception ... More


The Dignity of Human Nature

Ernest Campbell Mossner

in The Life of David Hume

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243365
eISBN:
9780191697241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243365.003.0040
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Public interest in the death of David Hume centred around the philosophical tranquillity he had displayed in the last weeks of life. On the part of the narrowly pious there was evidenced a certain ... More


Finding Room for Other‐Concern

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Cyrenaics are hedonists who have difficulty finding a stable place in their theory either for one's life as a whole or for other‐concern. Epicurus tries to avoid their problems by his theories of ... More


Epicurus: Virtue, Pleasure and Time

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Epicurus, in claiming that happiness is really pleasure, produces an account of pleasure as tranquility tailored to allow it to be our final end. This greatly revises our attitudes to death, ... More


The Sceptics: Untroubledness Without Belief

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Sextus Empiricus represents the only school of ancient scepticism to have developed views on happiness as our final end. He gives arguments to dislodge our commitment to all positive theories of ... More


Pleasures and Pains

Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano

in Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172400
eISBN:
9780231539364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172400.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the connection between pleasure and pain. Epicurus believes that happiness is found in pleasure, but he associates the pleasant life with tranquility achieved through limiting ... More


Living Well

Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano

in Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172400
eISBN:
9780231539364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172400.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the views of Epicurus and Koheleth about living well. Epicurus and Koheleth both urge acting ethically. Epicurus understands justice to be “a pledge of mutual advantage to ... More


Hume and Ancient Pyrrhonian Scepticism

Peter S. Fosl

in Hume's Scepticism: Pyrrhonian and Academic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474451123
eISBN:
9781474476928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474451123.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter Three charts the development of ancient Pyrrhonism, from its origins with Pyrrho of Elis through Timon of Phlius and Aenesidemus, concluding with the chronicling work of Sextus Empiricus. The ... More


Epilogue

Jehangir Yezdi Malegam

in The Sleep of Behemoth: Disputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451324
eISBN:
9780801467899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451324.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This concluding chapter looks further on to the conceptions of peace in the age of Dante Alighieri, particularly in the political theory of Dante’s contemporary, Marsilius of Padua. In Defender of ... More


Anxious Ambitions and the Financing of Tranquility

Maria Tapias

in Embodied Protests: Emotions and Women's Health in Bolivia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039171
eISBN:
9780252097157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039171.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the uneven terrain of economic success in Punata by focusing on the experiences of members of a group of more prosperous career chola and mestiza market women. In particular, it ... More


Meditation in the Classical Daoist Tradition

Harold D. Roth

in Asian Traditions of Meditation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780824855680
eISBN:
9780824873028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855680.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The classical Daoist textual corpus, while often treated as abstract philosophy, emerged from a tradition of teachers and students that was primarily based on a common set of meditative techniques, ... More


: Blackstone, Lord Mansfield, and Common-Law Liberalism

in The Cloaking of Power: Montesquieu, Blackstone, and the Rise of Judicial Activism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226094823
eISBN:
9780226094830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226094830.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses a new notion by Blackstone about judicial power in British constitutionalism as the moderating, tempering element that ensures individual liberty and tranquility. Judges are ... More


Effects of War: Immigrant Labor Dynamics during the Great War

Robert F. Zeidel

in Robber Barons and Wretched Refuse: Ethnic and Class Dynamics during the Era of American Industrialization

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501748318
eISBN:
9781501748332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501748318.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter addresses how the onset of World War I raised questions about if and how the United States should prepare itself for a military confrontation with a “foreign” enemy, and gave added ... More


Considering Tranquility

Catherine Keane

in Juvenal and the Satiric Emotions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199981892
eISBN:
9780190226053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981892.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Book 4 and its individual poems, Satires 10 through 12, have long been classified as “laughing,” “tranquil” satire thanks to the programmatic portrait of the philosopher Democritus at the opening of ... More


Does Skepticism Lead to Tranquility? Exploring a Pyrrhonian Theme

Mario Attie-Picker

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy Volume 3

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198852407
eISBN:
9780191886867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852407.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Pyrrhonian Skepticism, as described by Sextus Empiricus, has proven to be an influential philosophical tradition. However, little attention has been paid to the empirical claims that animate the ... More


Kant, Autonomy, and Modernity

Paul Guyer

in The Virtues of Freedom: Selected Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755647
eISBN:
9780191831829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755647.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

How does Kant’s conception of the intrinsic and unconditional value of freedom differ from ancient conceptions of the value of ataraxia or tranquility? It differs in that Kant values our freedom to ... More


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