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Platform or Personality?: The Role of Party Leaders in Elections

Amanda Bittner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199595365
eISBN:
9780191725593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595365.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Campaign organizers and the media appear to agree that voters' perceptions of party leaders have an important impact in elections: considerable effort is made to ensure that leaders look good, speak ... More


A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Geoffrey E. Hill

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The House Finch is among the most mundane birds, so ubiquitous and familiar across the U.S. and Canada that it does not rate a glance from most bird enthusiasts. But males have carotenoid-based ... More


Selection at Multiple Levels: Concepts and Methods

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops an abstract framework for thinking about selection acting at multiple hierarchical levels. The nature of hierarchical organization is analyzed, in particular the idea that ... More


The Group Selection Controversy

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the notorious issue of group selection in behavioural ecology, one of the mainstays of the traditional levels of selection debate. The history of the group selection controversy ... More


Levels of Selection and the Major Evolutionary Transitions

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter looks at the ‘major evolutionary transitions’, in particular the idea that multi-level selection theory is crucial for understanding them. These transitions occur when a number of ... More


Excellence in Being for the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Virtue, comprehensively considered, is intrinsic excellence of persisting moral character, and excellence of moral character must be excellence in being for what is good. This chapter elaborates the ... More


Moral Inconsistency

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Experiments and conclusions of ‘situationist’ social psychology have been seen by some as grounds for doubting that there are any virtues or vices, or more broadly any traits of character, at all. ... More


Moral Frailty and Moral Luck

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychological experiments and other empirical data seem to show that good traits of character (even if real) are frail, rather easily overcome by some types of temptation, and are dependent on social ... More


Democratic Citizenship

Axel Hadenius

in Institutions and Democratic Citizenship

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246663
eISBN:
9780191599392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246661.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Penetrates the notion of democratic citizenship more deeply. Emphasis is laid on the organizational resources, i.e the “joining” side of social capital. Different organizational traits – internal as ... More


Weak Citizenship

Axel Hadenius

in Institutions and Democratic Citizenship

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246663
eISBN:
9780191599392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246661.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Examines three common forms of week citizenship: clientilism, populism, and so‐called social movements. All three contain organizational qualities, in different ways, which could be favourable for ... More


Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Tony D. Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive account of research on avian reproduction. It develops two unique themes: the consideration of female avian reproductive physiology and ecology, and an ... More


Recasting Welfare Regimes for a Postindustrial Era

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The introduction to this chapter discusses the question of why nations respond so differently to a set of social risks that are similar over various countries, and analyses three typical homines: ... More


The Impact of Candidate Traits in American Presidential Elections

Larry M. Bartels

in Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The aim of this chapter is to provide a systematic test of the conventional wisdom that personality is key in contemporary American electoral politics. Using survey data from the six most recent ... More


Winning is not everything

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

in Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter examines the reasons why winner’s curse is endemic in contemporary business, whether in the US or globally. Many important business decisions have the potential to encounter the winner’s ... More


Blame for Traits

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The main thesis of this chapter is that agents can be blamed for their bad traits as well as for their bad acts. Because we often cannot help being the sorts of people we are, this thesis is ... More


Interest, Personality, and Individual Differences

Paul J. Silvia

in Exploring the Psychology of Interest

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195158557
eISBN:
9780199786824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158557.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Many personality traits connect to interest, intrinsic motivation, and exploration. This chapter critically reviews research on individual differences related to interest. One class of models ... More


Coping with Procrastination

Chrisoula Andreou

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter illustrates and analyzes an important coping strategy that has been neglected in the literature on procrastination: the leveraging strategy. Although one must know oneself quite well to ... More


 Risk of Hypertensive Heart Disease: The Joint Influence of Genetic and Behavioral Factors

Kathleen C. Light, Susan S. Girdler, and Alan L. Hinderliter

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes an interdisciplinary research program that studied individual and group differences in the risk for hypertension and heart disease. The differences studied include ones ... More


Ordering Illness: Heterozygous “Trait” Suffering in the Land of the Mild Disease

Duana Fullwiley

in The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores how “culture,” in the form of “Senegalese attitudes” that are seen as less than buoyant, has sometimes proven to be a barrier that Senegalese biomedical professionals propose as ... More


Preferential Sex Linkage of Sexually Selected Genes: Evidence and a New Explanation

Klaus Reinhold

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses evidence and theory on sex chromosomal linkage of sexually selected traits that may be the key to a functional separation of sexual and natural selection. It reviews the ... More


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