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The Contemporary Market

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter characterizes the contemporary heroin market in terms of its major producers, traffickers, and consumers. It presents an overview of the contemporary world opiate market and ... More


America Dreaming

Zain Abdullah

in Black Mecca: The African Muslims of Harlem

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195314250
eISBN:
9780199871797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314250.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Thousands are making a mass exodus from West Africa. Attempting to escape perpetual unemployment in their home countries, many are taking drastic measures to reach Spain or other European nations for ... More


The Perfect Business? Anti-Trafficking and the Sex Trade along the Mekong

Sverre Molland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836108
eISBN:
9780824871505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836108.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

For those at the high end of the trafficking chain, the sex trade is an alluring and lucrative business: the supply of girls is constant, the costs of operations are low, and interference from law ... More


The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Ko-lin Chin and Sheldon X. Zhang

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In a country long associated with the trade in opiates, the Chinese government has for decades applied extreme measures to curtail the spread of illicit drugs, only to find that the problem has ... More


Devoted to Death: Santa Muerte, the Skeleton Saint

R. Andrew Chesnut

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764662
eISBN:
9780199932535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764662.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book offers a fascinating portrayal of Santa Muerte, a skeleton saint whose cult has attracted millions of devotees over the past decade. Although condemned by mainstream churches, this folk ... More


White Candle: Beliefs and Practices

R. Andrew Chesnut

in Devoted to Death: Santa Muerte, the Skeleton Saint

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764662
eISBN:
9780199932535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764662.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The astonishing growth of the Santa Muerte cult over the past decade has resulted in millions of new devotees who are neither jilted lovers nor traffickers of narcotics and stimulants. The new flock ... More


Black Candle: Protection and Harm

R. Andrew Chesnut

in Devoted to Death: Santa Muerte, the Skeleton Saint

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764662
eISBN:
9780199932535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764662.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Very few media reports and films show anything but the dark side of the cult of Santa Muerte. Most American and Mexican nonbelievers, for example, have little idea that the Skinny Lady heals ... More


Our Man in Lima

Russell Crandall

in Drugs and Thugs: The History and Future of America's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300240344
eISBN:
9780300255874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300240344.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter notes a sizable cocaine seizure in Lima, Peru's capital, that was nestled in the arid hills next to the Pacific Ocean on May 11, 1996. It recounts how Peruvian authorities happened upon ... More


The Slave Trade, Colonial Markets, and Slave Families in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, ca. 1790–ca. 1830

Manolo Florentino

in Extending the Frontiers: Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134360
eISBN:
9780300151749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134360.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explains the slave trade in Rio de Janeiro to redefine some classic positions in Brazilian historiography regarding the traffic of Africans, the colonial market, and slave-based family ... More


Epilogue

Eduardo Sáenz Rovner

in The Cuban Connection: Drug Trafficking, Smuggling, and Gambling in Cuba from the 1920s to the Revolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831755
eISBN:
9781469605722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888582_saenz_rovner.17
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This book concludes with a discussion of how the foreign traffickers who smuggled drugs from either Europe or Latin America to the United States using Cuba as a transit point, in particular, drug ... More


Investigations

Jennifer Musto

in Control and Protect: Collaboration, Carceral Protection, and Domestic Sex Trafficking in the United States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520281950
eISBN:
9780520957749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281950.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how law enforcement and nonstate actors look to technology to pursue domestic sex trafficking investigations and why digital evidence is seen as so crucial in locating victims ... More


Wholesale Heroin Trafficking

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the characteristics of the wholesale heroin market by examining some of the major drug trafficking cases between Burma and China since the mid-1980s. It takes an in-depth look ... More


Low-Level Heroin Trafficking: Ants-Moving-House

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter focuses on low-level drug traffickers. Using a survey of 578 convicted drug traffickers inside a Chinese prison and in-depth interviews with a small number of drug inmates, it examines ... More


The Social Organization of Entrepreneurial Traffickers

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the rise of entrepreneurial traffickers (both upper-and lower-level) in the Chinese drug market. First, it examines the relationship between organized crime groups and drug ... More


The Retail Heroin Market in China

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the social organization of street-level heroin distribution in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province. The focus is on Kunming not only because it is the heroin capital of ... More


Women in the Heroin Trade

Ko-lin Chin

in The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines women’s participation in drug trafficking and street drug dealings in Yunnan, China, to understand how women have played a role in gaining and maintaining market positions in ... More


Introduction: The Perfect Business?

Sverre Molland

in The Perfect Business? Anti-Trafficking and the Sex Trade along the Mekong

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836108
eISBN:
9780824871505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836108.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book explores three facets of trafficking—global trafficking discourse, anti-traffickers, and the local context of sex commerce—along the Thai–Lao border, with a specific focus on the border ... More


The Drifters: Anti-traffickers in Practice

Sverre Molland

in The Perfect Business? Anti-Trafficking and the Sex Trade along the Mekong

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836108
eISBN:
9780824871505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836108.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how anti-traffickers in Laos struggle to reconcile the legal–economic metalanguage of trafficking with field realities, and particularly how they tend to drift between different ... More


The Tenacity of the Market Metaphor

Sverre Molland

in The Perfect Business? Anti-Trafficking and the Sex Trade along the Mekong

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836108
eISBN:
9780824871505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836108.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book has shown that anti-traffickers have a tendency to draw attention away from the social world in which they are attempting to intervene, even when it is literally right in front of them. ... More


All Goods are Dangerous Goods: Development, the Global Market, and Opium in the Helmand Valley, Afghanistan

James Tharin Bradford

in Poppies, Politics, and Power: Afghanistan and the Global History of Drugs and Diplomacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501738333
eISBN:
9781501738340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501738333.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the impact of the Helmand Valley Development Project, the largest American investment project in Afghanistan prior to the Afghan-Soviet War, and the impact on the development ... More


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