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Individual and Society: Claims and Responsibilities

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195388428
eISBN:
9780199866755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388428.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Islam

This chapter takes up the question of group rights, which is one of the four areas of contemporary international controversy over internationally recognized human rights. The concept of human rights ... More


Recent Changes Affecting Collective Action at Village Level

Jean‐Marie Baland and Jean‐Philippe Platteau

in Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198290612
eISBN:
9780191601613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290616.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of economic and social environment changes on collective action in village societies with respect to the management of common property resources (CPRs). It is divided ... More


The African Interregnum, Part I: Good Rituals Make Good Friends

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 4 focuses on a period of time referred to as the “African Interregnum”—from roughly 100,000 to 60,000 years before present (ybp)—during which our ancestors underwent a dramatic social and ... More


Development and the Utopian Ideal, 1960–1999

A. G. Hopkins

in The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume V: Historiography

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205661
eISBN:
9780191676741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205661.003.0040
Subject:
History, World Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Historiography is retrospective by definition and classificatory by common practice. Its value lies in identifying contours and boundaries, and in enabling observers to view the landscape as a whole. ... More


Perspectives on the Yi of Southwest China

Stevan Harrell (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520219885
eISBN:
9780520935259
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520219885.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Nearly seven million Yi people live in Southwest China, but most educated people outside China have never heard of them. This book, which brings this little-known part of the world to life, is a ... More


Philosophy and Anthropology: With Lefort and Descombes

Marcel Hénaff

in The Philosophers' Gift: Reexamining Reciprocity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823286478
eISBN:
9780823288922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823286478.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the need to problematize more precisely the possible relationships between philosophy and social anthropology from the perspective of gift exchanges. In France, few ... More


Social agency and social context

Carolus van Nijnatten

in Children's agency, children's welfare: A dialogical approach to child development, policy and practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424891
eISBN:
9781447301837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424891.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explores the social structures that affect the development of human agency. Its main issue is the rise of the ideal of autonomy, as a developmental norm, that is a major consequence of ... More


Mystical and Modernizing Trends: Prague’s Rabbinic Culture Threatened

Sharon Flatto

in Kabbalistic Culture of Eighteenth-century Prague: Ezekiel Landau and His Contemporaries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113393
eISBN:
9781800342675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113393.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter identifies various trends and developments which threatened Prague's traditional culture during the last decades of the eighteenth century. It analyses the unique responses of Prague's ... More


Prolegomenon to the Study of Jewish Cultural History

Moshe Rosman

in How Jewish is Jewish History?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113348
eISBN:
9781800340817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113348.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyses the Jewish spirit. It approaches the cultural history of a traditional society, as Jewish society was everywhere until the onset of modernity, by examining the history of the ... More


My own life: ethics, ageing and lifestyle

Joseph Dohmen

in Ageing, meaning and social structure: Connecting critical and humanistic gerontology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447300908
eISBN:
9781447307822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300908.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Recent decades has seen a shift from what may be termed a 'politics of emancipation' to a politics of life. In a post-traditional society, late-modern people, young and old, are individualized and ... More


Log cabins and field marshals’ batons

Geoff Payne

in The New Social Mobility: How the Politicians Got it Wrong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447310662
eISBN:
9781447310686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310662.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

A good starting point for re-interpreting contemporary mobility is older views of social mobility, because these ideas shape our interpretations of mobility. Older ‘traditional’ societies with low ... More


Sarah Schenirer and the Bais Yaakov Movement: A Revolution in the Name of Tradition

Naomi Seidman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764692
eISBN:
9781800343351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764692.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Sarah Schenirer is one of the unsung heroes of twentieth-century Orthodox Judaism. The Bais Yaakov schools she founded in interwar Poland had an unparalleled impact on a traditional Jewish society ... More


Women

Scott K. Taylor

in Honor and Violence in Golden Age Spain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300126853
eISBN:
9780300151695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300126853.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows that both men and women employed the same rhetoric of honor, including the words and rituals of dueling. Like men, women in Yebenes defined their honor broadly, invoking it during ... More


The Ainu Social Landscape

Sarah M. Strong

in Ainu Spirits Singing: The Living World of Chiri Yukie's Ainu Shin'yoshu

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835125
eISBN:
9780824870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835125.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The traditional Ainu of Horobetsu, as a culture based primarily on hunting, fishing, and gathering, lived in intimate relationship with the natural world (including its spiritual dimensions). Not ... More


History and Social Science in the West

Kevin Passmore

in The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Volume 5: Historical Writing Since 1945

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199225996
eISBN:
9780191863431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199225996.003.0011
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter analyzes the relationship between history and various disciplines within the social sciences. Historians and social scientists shared two related sets of assumptions. The first ... More


Prague’s Jewish Community

Sharon Flatto

in Kabbalistic Culture of Eighteenth-century Prague: Ezekiel Landau and His Contemporaries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113393
eISBN:
9781800342675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113393.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter provides an overview of the history and inner workings of the eighteenth-century Jewish community of Prague. It focuses on the efflorescence of Prague's rabbinic culture during the ... More


Poverty and Shame in Chinese Literature

Ming Yan

in Poverty and Shame: Global Experiences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199686728
eISBN:
9780191766800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686728.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the cultural representations of poverty and shame in a selection of Chinese literature covering the mid-eighteenth century through to the present day. The analysis suggests that ... More


From Heroism to Heterodoxy: The Crisis of a Movement and the Danger to a Faith

David Berger

in Rebbe, the Messiah, and the Scandal of Orthodox Indifference: With a New Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113751
eISBN:
9781789623352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113751.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter traces the history of hasidism, which was born in eighteenth-century Poland with the teachings of Rabbi Israel Ba'al Shem Tov. The movement spread through eastern Europe and became the ... More


Back to the Future

K. Theodore Hoppen

in Governing Hibernia: British Politicians and Ireland 1800–1921

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198207436
eISBN:
9780191817922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207436.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter looks at the significant political and intellectual changes regarding the policies that lay behind Irish government that become apparent in the years around 1870. In the first place, a ... More


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