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Intellectual Property and Development as Freedom

Madhavi Sunder

in The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342109
eISBN:
9780199866823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342109.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Since 1990, the United Nations has understood development in the broad terms of expanding human capabilities, thanks in part to Amartya Sen. Sen's vision of “development as freedom” is pluralist, ... More


Biodiversity: The Third But Ignored Paradigm of the Trade Regime

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter studies the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which is responsible for creating an international framework that allows for the beneficial conservation and exploitation of ... More


Three Views of Human Knowledge

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a traditional account of knowledge along with its indirect realist view of perception. On a traditional approach, perceptual knowledge is a special case of “justified true ... More


Conflicting Goals, Ideologies, and Beliefs in the Field*

Lenore A. Grenoble and Simone S. Whitecloud

in Endangered Languages: Beliefs and Ideologies in Language Documentation and Revitalization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265765
eISBN:
9780191771958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265765.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

The last two decades have seen a remarkable surge in work in description and documentation of endangered languages, which has required researchers to rethink how they work with indigenous ... More


Dominating Knowledge: Development, Culture, and Resistance

Frédérique Apffel Marglin and Stephen A. Marglin (eds)

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286943
eISBN:
9780191684531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286943.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Economic Systems

This book addresses the role of knowledge in economic development and in resistance to development. It questions the conventional view that development is the application of superior knowledge to the ... More


Transformation of Tank Irrigation Policy and Technology on the Interface of a Recursive State–Society Relationship

Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

in Controlling the Water: Matching Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Management in India and Nepal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082927
eISBN:
9780199082247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Both influential scholarly works and development policy provide a powerful discursive space to the idea of local or pre-modern knowledge and community control over natural resources. This chapter ... More


Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Law

Janet Blake

in International Cultural Heritage Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198723516
eISBN:
9780191790300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723516.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Chapter 7 looks at Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Law. The appropriateness of intellectual property rules for protecting traditional cultural expressions and knowledge are addressed, ... More


Forgetting the Forest

Robert A. Voeks

in The Ethnobotany of Eden: Rethinking the Jungle Medicine Narrative

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226547718
eISBN:
9780226547855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547855.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the question of whether knowledge and use of healing plants maintained by traditional societies is disappearing before it can benefit society at large. The main agents are ... More


Mercury Exposure in Vulnerable Populations: Guidelines for Fish Consumption

John Dellinger, Matthew Dellinger, and Jennifer S. Yauck

in Mercury in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271630
eISBN:
9780520951396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Mercury exposures in vulnerable populations frequently result from consuming contaminated fish. Fish also contain many valuable nutrients. Culturally appropriate risk communication must account for ... More


Stewarding The Earth: Rethinking Property and the Emergence of Biocultural Rights

Sanjay Kabir Bavikatte

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198098669
eISBN:
9780199083046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198098669.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The book analyses the emergence of biocultural rights as a sub-set of third generation group rights in environmental law. It argues that these rights, which advocate a people’s duty of stewardship ... More


Self-determination as Political Ecology: The Roots of Biocultural Rights

Sanjay Kabir Bavikatte

in Stewarding The Earth: Rethinking Property and the Emergence of Biocultural Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198098669
eISBN:
9780199083046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198098669.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter examines the emergence of biocultural rights as an aspect of the third generation group rights—an aspect that seeks to resolve our current environmental predicament through affirming the ... More


Traditional Knowledge as a Source for Innovation

Viviana Muñoz Téllez and Daphne Zografos Johnsson

in Intellectual Property, Trade and Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199684700
eISBN:
9780191767562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684700.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Traditional knowledge (TK) is a source of innovation both within the local context of TK communities and outside. In developing countries, often divergent knowledge systems coexist: TK systems and ... More


Improving Fisheries Assessments Using Historical Data: Stock Status and Catch Limits

Alan M. Friedlander, Joshua Nowlis, and Haruko Koike

in Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520276949
eISBN:
9780520959606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276949.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

The health of fisheries is difficult to assess, because catches are only partially recorded and abundance cannot be directly observed. Understanding the status of fisheries requires an estimate of ... More


Chinese Peasants: “Experience” and “Backwardness”

Sigrid Schmalzer

in "Red Revolution, Green Revolution": Scientific Farming in Socialist China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330150
eISBN:
9780226330297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330297.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the potent and politically risky questions the new state faced in mobilizing peasants to participate in the scientific experiment movement; they were questions deeply embedded ... More


Back to the Future: Integrating Customary Practices and Institutions into Comanagement of Small-scale Fisheries

John N. Kittinger, Joshua E. Cinner, Shankar Aswani, and Alan T. White

in Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520276949
eISBN:
9780520959606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276949.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

In many parts of the world, marine resource governance systems include aspects of customary marine tenure and traditional sociocultural institutions for resource management. These practices are ... More


Cultural Heritage: Intangible Aspects

Janet Blake

in International Cultural Heritage Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198723516
eISBN:
9780191790300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723516.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Chapter 5 deals with the intangible aspects of cultural heritage and the notion of ‘intangible cultural heritage’ is introduced and defined and its significance for cultural communities and wider ... More


The Food Quality Paradigm: Alternative Approaches to Food and the Body

Gyorgy Scrinis

in Nutritionism: The Science and Politics of Dietary Advice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156578
eISBN:
9780231527149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156578.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the food quality paradigm as an alternative way to determine whether foods are nutritious and healthy based on processing quality, cultural-traditional knowledge, and ... More


Intellectual Property, Trade and Development

Daniel Gervais (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199684700
eISBN:
9780191767562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684700.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This book examines the policy levers used to make intellectual property norms work in a given country or territory with a view to improving economic and other developmental outcomes. The backdrop for ... More


The Traditional Knowledge Trilogy

Prashant Reddy T. and Sumathi Chandrashekaran

in Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199470662
eISBN:
9780199088850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199470662.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter critiques three particular patents cases in the US and EU that were filed in the 1990s by Indian NGOs and the Indian government. The three patents in question were related to neem, ... More


Benefits

Rajshree Chandra

in The Cunning of Rights: Law, Life, Biocultures

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199459766
eISBN:
9780199086542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199459766.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Chapter 4 looks at the framework of benefit-sharing entitlement that seeks to speak through property narratives of ‘authorship’ and ‘representation’. It tries to see how the hybrid spaces created ... More


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