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Law and Policy in the European Union

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter briefly reviews the history of the EU as it relates to the role of EU institutions in environmental policy-making. It explores EU decision-making institutions and processes and the ... More


The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

Markus Pohlmann

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

On 29 April 1998, the European Community (EC) and the initial fifteen EU member states signed the Kyoto Protocol. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the EC and the EU member states are committed to jointly ... More


The Secondary Market for Emissions Trading: Balancing Market Design and Market Based Transaction Norms

Andrew Hedges

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is a leading example of how to strike a balance between the necessity for a sufficiently certain market design to underpin its growth and the critically ... More


Emissions Trading in the US: Legal Issues

K Russell LaMotte, David M (Max) Williamson, and Lauren A Hopkins

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter offers a guide to the key legal issues presented by national and sub-national greenhouse gas (GHG) regulatory initiatives in the United States. Section 2 provides an overview of ... More


Private Actors in International and Domestic Emissions Trading Schemes

Jolene Lin

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter analyzes the risks and opportunities for private entities in the international climate regime and domestic emissions trading schemes, respectively. It begins with an overview of carbon ... More


Emissions Trading before the European Court of Justice: Market Making in Luxembourg

Navraj Singh Ghaleigh

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter focuses on challenges to the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) brought before the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the Court of First Instance (CFI) — the ‘Community ... More


Accounting for Emissions: From Costless Activity to Market Operations *

Allan Cook

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter examines, in the context of the European Union's new Emissions Trading Scheme under the Kyoto Protocol, the issues surrounding the aborted attempt by the International Accounting ... More


Offsets in the Emerging US Cap-and-Trade Programmes

Kyle W Danish

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

As the United States moves forward from voluntary efforts to the establishment of mandatory cap-and-trade programmes for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, offsets have become a central issue of policy. ... More


A Taxonomy of Prima Facie Violations of International Economic Law

James Munro

in Emissions Trading Schemes under International Economic Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198828709
eISBN:
9780191867101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828709.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Having determined that carbon units are, to varying extents, subject to international economic law, Chapter 8 assesses the consistency of emissions trading schemes and their rules affecting carbon ... More


Alleviating Adverse Implications of EU Climate Policy on Competitiveness: The Case for Border Tax Adjustments or the Clean Development Mechanism?

Victoria Alexeeva-Talebi, Niels Anger, and Andreas Löschel

in Reforming Rules and Regulations: Laws, Institutions, and Implementation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014687
eISBN:
9780262289412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014687.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter analyzes the environmental and competitiveness implications of introducing border tax adjustments (BTA) and the clean development mechanism (CDM) within the EU Emissions Trading Scheme ... More


Combining International Cap-and-Trade with National Carbon Taxes

Peter Heindl, Peter J. Wood, and Frank Jotzo

in Emissions Trading as a Policy Instrument: Evaluation and Prospects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029285
eISBN:
9780262330435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029285.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the effects of combining an international cap-and-trade scheme with national carbon taxes. We consider a two-country stochastic partial equilibrium model with log-normally ... More


The Legal Framework for EU–Korea Climate Change Cooperation: Opportunities and Challenges under the Framework Agreement and Free Trade Agreement

David Rossati

in The European Union and South Korea: The Legal Framework for Strengthening Trade, Economic and Political Relations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748668601
eISBN:
9780748684335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748668601.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Climate change is a threat of global dimensions requiring concerted action at the international level. Yet, in light of the slow progress in negotiations conducted under the United Nations Framework ... More


Carbon Units and Emissions Trading Schemes

James Munro

in Emissions Trading Schemes under International Economic Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198828709
eISBN:
9780191867101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828709.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Before being able to correctly classify carbon units (the object of trade in emissions trading schemes) under international economic law, their inherent qualities and characteristics need to be ... More


Emissions Trading Schemes under International Economic Law

James Munro

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198828709
eISBN:
9780191867101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828709.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book assesses whether—and how—emissions trading schemes are subject to international economic law. Through an analysis of trade and investment treaties and related jurisprudence, it argues that ... More


Climate change and climate change policy in the UK 2006–07

Carolyn Snell

in Social Policy Review 20: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2008

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420763
eISBN:
9781447303473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420763.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Since the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Al Gore and the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the issue of climate change has been central to policy agendas. In the UK, policy ... More


Climate Change: The Challenges of Carbon Pricing

Christian de Perthuis and Pierre-André Jouvet

in Green Capital: A New Perspective on Growth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171403
eISBN:
9780231540360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171403.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents the assessment methods available for moving from the previously constructed growth model to an understanding of the concrete conditions for the transition to a green economy. ... More


Conclusion

James Munro

in Emissions Trading Schemes under International Economic Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198828709
eISBN:
9780191867101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828709.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Chapter 10 summarizes the main conclusion of this book that the objects traded within emissions trading schemes—namely, carbon units—are subject to the disciplines of international economic law in a ... More


Introduction

James Munro

in Emissions Trading Schemes under International Economic Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198828709
eISBN:
9780191867101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828709.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book addresses whether and how emissions trading schemes to mitigate climate change are subject to the network of treaties comprising the international trade and investment regime, collectively ... More


Why Carbon Pricing Has Often Failed

Barry G. Rabe

in Can We Price Carbon?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037952
eISBN:
9780262346580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037952.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines nearly two decades of experience (1997-2015) in federal and sub-federal governments in the United States and Canada but also European and Asian nations in attempting to adopt ... More


Benchmark-Based Free Allocations in EU ETS Phase III: How Much Better Than Phase II?

Oliver Sartor, Stephen Lecourt, and Clement Pallière

in Emissions Trading as a Policy Instrument: Evaluation and Prospects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029285
eISBN:
9780262330435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029285.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper exploits a detailed and original database to analyse the welfare and efficiency implications of the move to benchmark-based free allocation rules in EU ETS Phase 3(2013-20). It is shown ... More


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