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Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Geoffrey Jones

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249992
eISBN:
9780191596483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249997.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book examines the history of British multinational trading companies from the eighteenth century to the present day. During the Industrial Revolution, British merchants established overseas ... More


From Trade to Investment

Geoffrey Jones

in Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249992
eISBN:
9780191596483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249997.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the diversification of British trading companies into foreign direct investment in natural resources, manufacturing, and other activities between 1870 and 1914. They built on ... More


Trading Companies in Theory and History

Geoffrey Jones

in Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249992
eISBN:
9780191596483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249997.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter reviews the theoretical literature on the role of trading companies, which emphasizes the importance of knowledge, information, reputation, and relationships. It places the experience of ... More


Inventing the Enterprise System

W. Mark Fruin

in The Japanese Enterprise System: Competitive Strategies and Cooperative Structures

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288985
eISBN:
9780191596285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288980.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter looks at the emerging modern enterprises of early twentieth‐century Japan and divides them into three main categories: zaibatsu firms (national enterprises) formed in large part by the ... More


The Conceptualization of the System

Antoin E. Murphy

in John Law: Economic Theorist and Policy-maker

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286493
eISBN:
9780191596674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828649X.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Discusses the way in which Law modelled the General (later Royal) Bank on the Bank of England and the Mississippi Company on British trading companies such as the East India Company and the South Sea ... More


Hegemonic Sequence: Enter the Dutch and English Trading Companies

Geoffrey C. Gunn

in History Without Borders: The Making of an Asian World Region (1000–1800)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083343
eISBN:
9789882208988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083343.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explains the modus operandi of the powerful Dutch and English trading companies in Asian lands. It traces the “hegemonic shift” occasioned by the rise of the northern European companies ... More


The Rise and Rise of the Mississippi Company, 1719

Antoin E. Murphy

in John Law: Economic Theorist and Policy-maker

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286493
eISBN:
9780191596674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828649X.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

In 1719, Law was successful in taking over all of the trading companies, the rights to the Mint, and the tax farms. He had created a giant holding company. In August 1719, he proposed taking over the ... More


The Asian Miracle and the Rise of Demand-Responsive Economies

Gary G. Hamilton and Cheng-shu Kao

in The Market Makers: How Retailers are Reshaping the Global Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590179
eISBN:
9780191724893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590179.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

In this chapter, Gary Hamilton and Cheng-shu Kao demonstrate that the industrialization of East Asia, which started in the late 1960s and which is known as the “Asian Miracle,” is most accurately ... More


British Factors, Governors, and Diplomats

Gerald MacLean and Nabil Matar

in Britain and the Islamic World, 1558–1713

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199203185
eISBN:
9780191728433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203185.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The first Britons to settle in the Muslim world were consuls, whose job was to ensure the rights and privileges that had been negotiated on behalf of the trading Companies. These were not the ... More


History of the United Provinces and the War with Spain. Founding of the West India Company. Description of Brazil.

Caspar van Baerle

in The History of Brazil under the Governorship of Count Johan Maurits of Nassau, 1636–1644

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036649
eISBN:
9780813041599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036649.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

This chapter gives the historical background with the Netherlands' war with Spain, the Dutch conquest of the New World (Brazil in particular), and the creation and actions of the Dutch West India ... More


The Institutions of Trade and the Reduction of Market Risk: The Convoy System

Jeremy Baskes

in Staying Afloat: Risk and Uncertainty in Spanish Atlantic World Trade, 1760-1820

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785426
eISBN:
9780804786355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785426.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter presents a revisionist explanation for the Spanish flota (carrera de indias) universally depicted by historians as a monopolistic trade system that generated excessive profits to the ... More


Island Protests and Enterprises

Alastair Couper

in Sailors and Traders: A Maritime History of the Pacific Peoples

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832391
eISBN:
9780824869946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832391.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter examines the protests and attempts by Pacific island societies to compete in maritime commercial enterprises. In the post-World War I period, dissatisfactions arose in many of the outer ... More


Environment and Trade

Ron Harris

in Going the Distance: Eurasian Trade and the Rise of the Business Corporation, 1400-1700

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691150772
eISBN:
9780691185804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150772.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter presents the literature on Eurasian trade, the geography of trade environment, and the organizational challenges faced by long-distance trade. The expansion of trade from local to ... More


Master Pearlers on Both Sides of the Frontier

Julia Martínez and Adrian Vickers

in The Pearl Frontier: Indonesian Labor and Indigenous Encounters in Australia's Northern Trading Network

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824840020
eISBN:
9780824868048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824840020.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

At the turn of the twentieth century tightened restrictions in Australia led some pearling masters to move their business to the Netherlands East Indies. In 1904 Queensland's James Clark the Celebes ... More


Growth of the Trade in Northern Alaska

John R. Bockstoce

in White Fox and Icy Seas in the Western Arctic: The Fur Trade, Transportation, and Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221794
eISBN:
9780300235166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221794.003.0006
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter examines the rise in the number of trading posts and the population dispersal that took place in Northern Alaska in response to the quest for white fox pelts, the price of which rose ... More


Chronology and commerce: Edmund Howes’s Annales

Ben Dew (ed.)

in Commerce, finance and statecraft: Histories of England, 1600-1780

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781784992965
eISBN:
9781526138705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992965.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The chronicler, Edmund Howes, the subject of chapter three, was interested in trade and, like his more illustrious contemporaries Francis Bacon (ch. 1) and William Camden (ch. 2), provided an ... More


Eternal

Lawrence A. Cunningham

in Berkshire Beyond Buffett: The Enduring Value of Values

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170048
eISBN:
9780231538695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170048.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter focuses on the companies that Berkshire has given permanent homes to. These subsidiaries found refuge in Berkshire after suffering from serial ownership by successive parents, leveraged ... More


Dutch Sea Transport in Transition: The German Hinterland as Catalyst, 1850-1914

Jochen Bläsing and Ton Langenhuyzen

in Global Markets: The Internationalization of the Sea Transport Industries since 1850

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780968128848
eISBN:
9781786944801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780968128848.003.0005
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter follows the modernisation of Dutch sea transport through three strands - shipping, shipbuilding, and the port industry - in relation to the economic recovery of the Netherlands ... More


Corporate Restructuring in Japan during the Lost Decade

Takeo Hoshi, Satoshi Koibuchi, and Ulrike Schaede

in Japan's Bubble, Deflation, and Long-term Stagnation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014892
eISBN:
9780262289467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014892.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines corporate restructuring in Japan between 1981 and 2007 in relation to financial deregulation and the banking crisis. Drawing on data on the balance sheets and income statements ... More


Banks and Bankers

Ariel Toaff

in Love, Work and Death: Jewish Life in Medieval Umbria

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774198
eISBN:
9781800340954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774198.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the Jewish banks and bankers in late medieval Italy, particularly in Umbria. From the end of the thirteenth century, the communes of central and northern Italy held a powerful ... More


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