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The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Richard Pomfret

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Regional trading arrangements have been a recurring, and often challenging, feature of the global trading system established after 1945. This book analyses the economic, historical, and political ... More


Preferential trade arrangements production, and trade with differentiated intermediates †

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier

in The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter focuses on the difference between free trade agreements with rules of origin and customs unions. The first part develops a model to assess the trade and production in intermediate and ... More


Mapping and measuring Rules of Origin around the world

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier

in The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter breaks new ground in dissecting preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) by focusing on rules of origin (ROO), a crucial yet poorly understood market access discipline included in ... More


Introduction

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

in Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of what preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) are and why they are important. It covers the economic effects of PTAs, political and security ... More


Why Do Discriminatory Trading Arrangements Exist?

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Addresses the question of why RTAs exist. Section 1 lists four proximate explanations on the basis of the immediate consequences of RTAs. Section 2 draws on the political economy of trade barriers ... More


A Political Economy Theory of International Trade Agreements

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

in Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a theory of the domestic political conditions that lead countries to enter into formal trade agreements. More specifically, it attempts to explain the establishment of ... More


Consequences for the International Trading System

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Examines the systemic effects of RTAs on the global economy. Discusses why RTAs tend to proliferate as well as why the multilateral trading system's basis in non‐discriminatory trade policies is ... More


Systemic Influences on PTA Formation

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

in Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines international influences on preferential trading arrangements (PTAs). Both the incidence of PTA formation and the frequency with which states have entered such arrangements have ... More


Conclusions

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

in Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter summarizes the key findings and discusses the implications of the results for the study of international relations and international trade. It argues that that the decision to enter a ... More


The New Regionalism

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Analyses the new regionalism that emerged in the mid‐1980s. By downplaying the significance of trade diversion and emphasizing scale‐based and pro‐competitive benefits of integration, the new ... More


Regime Type, Veto Players, and PTA Formation

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

in Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter tests the theoretical propositions about domestic politics developed in chapter 2. Using a new dataset, it aims to identify the domestic and international factors that affect a country's ... More


Auxiliary Hypotheses about Domestic Politics and Trade Agreements

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

in Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines three auxiliary hypotheses that flow from the main argument. First, in countries with more veto players it is less likely that political leaders will be able to form deeper ... More


Tides of Trade Integration

A. Estevadeordal and K. Suominen

in The Sovereign Remedy?: Trade Agreements in a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550159
eISBN:
9780191720253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550159.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter strives to pioneer in placing PTAs in a historical context of the rise and fall of different types of trade agreements around the world in the past two centuries. It takes a tour ... More


The Sovereign Remedy?: Trade Agreements in a Globalizing World

Antoni Estevadeordal and Kati Suominen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550159
eISBN:
9780191720253
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550159.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) have arisen to become one of the most important phenomena in today's global economy. The number of PTAs notified to the World Trade Organization (WTO) surged ... More


Numbers and Geography

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with the fundamental question of what should be the unit of analysis in trade theory, which has been driven in part by difficulty in determining the analytical status of the EU; is intra‐EU ... More


Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) play an increasingly prominent role in the global political economy, two notable examples being the European Union and the North American Free Trade ... More


Other Free Trade Areas and Customs Unions

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Other free trade areas and customs unions have been less intensively studied than the EU or NAFTA. RTAs among developing countries have not had a great impact, often because paper agreements were not ... More


Disciplining Trade Agreements: Toward Multilateralization?

A. Estevadeordal and K. Suominen

in The Sovereign Remedy?: Trade Agreements in a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550159
eISBN:
9780191720253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550159.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter addresses the growing concerns that PTAs may fall short of complying with GATT Article XXIV, which sets out the conditions for the format of free trade agreements and customs unions. The ... More


International Dimensions

Romeo Bautista and Gwendolyn Tecson

in The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, and Challenges

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195158984
eISBN:
9780199869107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158989.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is an interpretive essay examining the related influences of foreign trade and trade policy on income growth and distribution in the Philippines based on existing studies and findings. ... More


Global Issues

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Section 1 of this chapter investigates whether RTAs have led to increased regionalization of world trade. Section 2 reports on studies using CGE models to identify gainers and losers from the spread ... More


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