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Is multiculturalism eroding support for welfare provision? The British case

Geoffrey Evans

in Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199289172
eISBN:
9780191711084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289172.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the argument that there exists a ‘trade-off between the extension of multiculturalist policies and public commitment to a universalistic welfare state’. It considers the case of ... More


A Model for Evaluating the A Model for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Liberal Democracies

Edeltraud Roller

in The Performance of Democracies: Political Institutions and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286423
eISBN:
9780191603358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286426.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter develops a theoretical model for evaluating the effectiveness of liberal democracies. It consists of two parts. In the first part, a set of normative criteria for evaluating the ... More


Level, Development, and Structure of the Effectiveness of Western Democracies

Edeltraud Roller

in The Performance of Democracies: Political Institutions and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286423
eISBN:
9780191603358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286426.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter presents an empirical analysis of the level, development, and structure of political effectiveness in twenty-one OECD countries between 1974 and 1995. There are three main results. ... More


Managing Divergent Employment Dilemmas

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The macroscopic changes to post‐industrial employment that were examined in the previous chapter are unlikely to affect all nations similarly. Job loss through de‐industrialization, e.g., will be ... More


The Corporatist Trade‐Off Strategy

Robin Archer

in Economic Democracy: The Politics of Feasible Socialism

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295389
eISBN:
9780191598722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295383.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Argues that corporatism enables workers to accumulate incremental increases in control over firms through a series of trade‐offs. If the workers, the capitalists, and the government are rational ... More


The genetic integration of sexually dimorphic traits in the dioecious plant, Silene latifolia

Lynda F. Delph

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter investigates sexual dimorphism in the dioecious, flowering plant, Silene latifolia. Results of comparisons among populations, a half-sib breeding experiment, and artificial selection on ... More


Competition and the Role of Dominant Ants

Catherine L. Parr and Heloise Gibb

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Competition occurs when different species or individuals require the same limiting resources. It can occur within colonies for reproductive rights, between colonies of the same species (intraspecific ... More


Environmental Taxation and Revenue for Development

Agnar Sandmo

in New Sources of Development Finance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199278558
eISBN:
9780191601590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278555.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The taxation of externalities is the subject of this first of seven chapters that examine potential sources of development funding. It considers the possible role of environmental taxes for economic ... More


Security Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares a system of human rights guarantees of security with libertarian natural rights. Security rights are a solution to a collective action problem that would arise in a state of ... More


Economic trade-offs

André Sapir, Philippe Aghion, Giuseppe Bertola, Martin Hellwig, Jean Pisani-Ferry, Dariusz Rosati, José Viñals, Helen Wallace, Marco Buti, Mario Nava, and Peter M. Smith

in An Agenda for a Growing Europe: The Sapir Report

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271481
eISBN:
9780191602573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271488.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter analyses trade-offs or complementarities in the relationship between the EU’s three main economic objectives: growth, stability, and cohesion. It examines how trade-offs and ... More


Employment Protection

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter studies the political support for employment protection. It is shown to be stronger, the larger the employed's rents. Another result is that if employment protection is the sole ... More


Explaining Post-war Unemployment in OECD Countries

Richard Layard, Stephen Nickell, and Richard Jackman

in Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279166
eISBN:
9780191700033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279166.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter investigates the different trends in post-war unemployment across nineteen OECD countries. The initial step is to calibrate the fundamental equations and it is found that the estimated ... More


Equality-Efficiency Trade-offs: Japanese Perceptions and Choices

Ronald Dore

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter identifies the source of the finely graded organizational pay differential, which suppresses gross income inequality in Japan, with ‘a valued sense of togetherness’ held among the ... More


Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Thomas Flatt and Andreas Heyland (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Life history theory seeks to explain the evolution of the major features of life cycles by analysing the ecological factors that shape age-specific schedules of growth, reproduction, and survival and ... More


Genomic insights into life history evolution

Derek A. Roff

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses two issues in which molecular analyses are important for our understanding of life history evolution. First, information on the genomic regulation of trade-offs – a central ... More


Mechanisms underlying reproductive trade-offs: Costs of reproduction

Dominic A. Edward and Tracey Chapman

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The survival cost of reproduction appears, at first sight, a classic example of a life history trade-off, with increased investment of resources into reproductive processes apparently leading to ... More


Trade-offs and adaptations

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Variations of individual traits are usually cross-constrained, and the components of fitness are generically traded off. A series of examples illustrate that constraints on inherited variation are ... More


Equality and fairness

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter investigates the equity reasons behind regulations and public finance of healthcare. An inquiry into altruism and redistribution is followed by a discussion of equality and fairness as ... More


Primary care: paying general practitioners

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the three most widely used remuneration systems for general practitioners (GPs): fee-for-service, capitation, and salary. Each system has its pros and cons, so in practice some ... More


Fire and Air Resources

Suraj Ahuja

in Fire in California's Ecosystems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246058
eISBN:
9780520932272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246058.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter addresses smoke and air quality concerns. Awareness of air quality regulations, smoke production, transport, and effects from prescribed and wildland fires will enable land managers to ... More


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