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The Impact of Passive Leverage: The EU and Eastern Europe, 1989–94

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EU had a negligible impact on the course of political change in the new democracies from 1989 to 1994. This chapter traces empirically the relationship between the EU and the liberal and ... More


The Asian Funds

Christopher Balding

in Sovereign Wealth Funds: The New Intersection of Money and Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199842902
eISBN:
9780199932498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842902.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The major Asian sovereign wealth funds are the only funds in the world not based on commodity revenues. China and Singapore created their sovereign wealth funds from accumulated budgetary and trade ... More


China and Its Dollar Exchange Rate: A Worldwide Stabilizing Influence?

Ronald I. McKinnon and Gunther Schnabl

in The Unloved Dollar Standard: From Bretton Woods to the Rise of China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937004
eISBN:
9780199980703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937004.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

China is criticized for keeping its dollar exchange rate fairly stable when it has a large trade (saving) surplus. This chapter argues that this criticism is misplaced in two ways. First, no ... More


On the Persistence of Trade Imbalances: Evidence from Europe

Helge Berger and Volker Nitsch

in Global Interdependence, Decoupling, and Recoupling

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019804
eISBN:
9780262314442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019804.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Does exchange rate variability affect the speed of external adjustment? This chapter studies bilateral trade balances for a sample of 18 European countries over the period from 1948 through 2008. The ... More


The Skill Bias of the US Trade Deficit

Rosario Crinò and Paolo Epifani

in The Factory-Free Economy: Outsourcing, Servitization, and the Future of Industry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198779162
eISBN:
9780191824333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779162.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In Chapter 7, Crino and Epifani suggest that large and rising global trade imbalances (e.g. the US with China) have directly led to rising wage inequality in industrial countries. They argue that ... More


America in Decline

Peter Duus and Kenji Hasegawa

in Rediscovering America: Japanese Perspectives on the American Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268432
eISBN:
9780520950375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268432.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes America's economic decline, noting that during the 1970s, American complaints about Japanese trade practices gave the impression that America was in economic decline. It ... More


The Exchange Rate Regime

Eswar S. Prasad

in Gaining Currency: The Rise of the Renminbi

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190631055
eISBN:
9780190631086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190631055.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter describes the evolution of China’s exchange rate policy. The RMB was pegged to the U.S. dollar from 1994 until 2005. Since then, the RMB has in principle been allowed to float in ... More


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