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India's Economic Reforms, 1991-2001

Vijay Joshi and I. M. D Little

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290780
eISBN:
9780191596506
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290780.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book is a follow‐up study to an earlier work tracing India's economy up to 1991. Here the focus is on the economic reforms introduced after the financial crisis of 1991. The authors examine the ... More


Trade in Services

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter starts with brief overviews of global trade flows in services, the barriers that restrict such trade, and the economics of service sector protection and liberalization. This is followed ... More


Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Giovanni Andrea Cornia (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Based on an extensive review of relevant literature and an econometric analysis of inequality indexes, this book provides the first systematic analysis of the changes in within‐country income ... More


Trade Policy in South Africa

Lawrence Edwards, Rashad Cassim, and Dirk van Seventer

in South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551460
eISBN:
9780191720376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551460.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

This chapter evaluates South Africa's trade policy under democracy, and critically reviews the burgeoning empirical studies of the effects of trade reform on trade flows, growth, employment, poverty, ... More


WTO Reform, the Doha Round, and Other Free Trade Initiatives

Sarah Joseph

in Blame it on the WTO?: A Human Rights Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199565894
eISBN:
9780191728693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565894.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter summarizes potential WTO reforms in light of the human rights deficiencies within, or that are likely to be prompted by, WTO rules and processes, which are identified in Chapters 3 to 7. ... More


Trade Reforms, Labour Market Reforms, Informal Wages, and Poverty

Sugata Marjit and Saibal Kar

in The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071495
eISBN:
9780199081257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071495.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the connection between trade liberalization and poverty reduction, with a particular focus on informal sector workers in cities and towns of the developing world. More ... More


In Place of Strife? The parliamentary Labour right and the ‘trade union question’

Stephen Meredith

in Labours Old and New: The Parliamentary Right of the British Labour Party 1970-79 and the Roots of New Labour

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073229
eISBN:
9781781701508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073229.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter investigates the parliamentary Labour right attitudes to industrial relations policy and trade union reform. In Place of Strife: A Policy for Industrial Relations was the first (recent) ... More


The Effects of the Colombian Trade Liberalization on Urban Poverty

Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg and Nina Pavcnik

in Globalization and Poverty

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226317946
eISBN:
9780226318004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226318004.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of a large reduction in average tariffs in Colombia between 1984 and 1998 on a variety of urban labor market outcomes: the probability of becoming unemployed, minimum ... More


Trade Liberalization, Poverty, and Inequality: Evidence from Indian Districts

Petia Topalova

in Globalization and Poverty

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226317946
eISBN:
9780226318004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226318004.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter evaluates the impact of trade reform in India on poverty. It suggests that the rural poor gained less from the trade reforms than other income groups or the urban poor. It also ... More


Introduction to Part 1

Murali Patibandla

in International Trade and Investment Behaviour of Firms

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190126865
eISBN:
9780190991951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190126865.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

International trade and investment across countries, both developed and developing economies, are a major source of economic growth by improving allocative efficiency of resources and rapid flow of ... More


Rights Conferred

Annette Kur and Martin Senftleben

in European Trade Mark Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199680443
eISBN:
9780191932892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680443.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

EU trade mark law confers exclusive rights on the proprietor of a registered trade mark. It provides for three general types of protection. Article 9(2) EUTMR and Article 10(2) TMD offer ... More


Acquisition Of Rights

Annette Kur and Martin Senftleben

in European Trade Mark Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199680443
eISBN:
9780191932892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680443.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Under European trade mark law, protection is only acquired through registration (Article 6 EUTMR; Article 1 TMD). Whether the mark is actually used or not is of no relevance at this stage: neither ... More


Limitations, Defences, and Genuine Use

Annette Kur and Martin Senftleben

in European Trade Mark Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199680443
eISBN:
9780191932892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680443.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

As with other intellectual property rights, the exclusive rights of the trade mark proprietor are limited in several respects. At the international level, Article 17 TRIPS offers room for the ... More


The Decision to Grant the Preference (1964–1967)

Fernando Guirao

in The European Rescue of the Franco Regime, 1950-1975

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198861232
eISBN:
9780191893315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861232.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

For the Six, Chapter 4 shows, the Spanish question boiled down to whether they would grant the preference rather than how. Documentary records and trade data show that the EEC did not discriminate ... More


The Future of Cuba’s Non-Sugar Agricultural Sector

Mario A. González-Corzo and Armando Nova-González

in The Cuba-U.S. Bilateral Relationship: New Pathways and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190687366
eISBN:
9780190687397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687366.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Private International Law

Despite a dramatic growth in agricultural trade between the United States and Cuba, trade between these two states has been “one-way trade,” primarily due to U.S. economic sanctions. A new scenario ... More


Post-Financial Crisis Trading and Clearing Reforms in the EU: A Story of Interest Groups with Magnified Voice

Gerard Hertig

in Financial Regulation and Supervision: A post-crisis analysis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199660902
eISBN:
9780191806902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199660902.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter highlights how the voices of some interest groups are magnified in the ongoing EU trading and clearing reform process, using the European Commission proposals for over-the-counter (OTC) ... More


Why Are the Critics So Convinced That Globalization Is Bad for the Poor?

Emma Aisbett

in Globalization and Poverty

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226317946
eISBN:
9780226318004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226318004.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains both the “what” and the “why” of common criticisms of globalization's record on poverty and inequality. It is argued that this continued criticism is due to several factors: the ... More


The Policy Context

Rajesh Raj S.N. and Kunal Sen

in Out of the Shadows?: The Informal Sector in Post-reform India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199460847
eISBN:
9780199086870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460847.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The contribution of small firms in employment and earnings has been a significant concern for policymakers in developing countries. Many policy instruments have been employed to promote the growth of ... More


Establishing Credibility: The Role of Foreign Advisors in Chile's 1955–1958 Stabilization Program

Sebastian Edwards

in The Decline of Latin American Economies: Growth, Institutions, and Crises

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226185002
eISBN:
9780226185033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226185033.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter investigates an important historical stabilization episode in Chile, a country with one of the longest histories of chronic inflation in the world, and which, starting in the late ... More


Trade Marks as Objects of Property

Annette Kur and Martin Senftleben

in European Trade Mark Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199680443
eISBN:
9780191932892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680443.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Harmonized EU trade mark law contains rules on trade marks as objects of property in Articles 16 to 24a of the European Union Trade Mark Regulation (EUTMR) and Articles 22 to 26 of the Trade Mark ... More


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