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Removing Barriers to Trade: Empirical Evidence

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the costs of market fragmentation in Europe. It reviews the economic impact of removing barriers to trade as a result of divergent national standards, testing, and certification ... More


The Royal Navy and the German Threat, 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany

Matthew S. Seligmann

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199574032
eISBN:
9780191741432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574032.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This book examines the way in which the prospect of a wartime German assault on British seaborne commerce influenced the development of British naval policy in the run up to the First World War. It ... More


Intellectual Property Law

Hiroshi Oda

in Japanese Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232185
eISBN:
9780191705335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232185.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter discusses Japanese intellectual property law. Topics covered include Japan as an ‘intellectual property-based nation’, patent law, copyright law, trade market protection, trade secrets ... More


Historical Overview

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Because the book is mainly thematic, this chapter gives a historical overview to put the themes into a context. It traces the earliest chambers of commerce, from 1767, and ‘delegate’ bodies that ... More


The U.S. Textile Industry: Responses to Free Trade

Ellen Israel Rosen

in Making Sweatshops: The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233362
eISBN:
9780520928572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233362.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter shows how and why the textile and apparel industries took a protectionist stance—and how protectionism was defeated. A close examination of the record illustrates that U.S. textile ... More


Racial Diversity and White Americans’ Support for Trade Protection

Alexandra Guisinger

in American Opinion on Trade: Preferences without Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190651824
eISBN:
9780190651862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190651824.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 6 argues that the redistributive nature of trade policy also affects individuals’ trade preferences. Trade protectionism differs from other redistributive policies both in its mechanism for ... More


Trade Secrets and the Software Industry

Noam Shemtov

in Beyond the Code: Protection of Non-Textual Features of Software

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198716792
eISBN:
9780191848377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716792.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines the trade secrets regimes in the European Union and the United States, with particular emphasis on how they affect the software industry. Almost every intellectual property ... More


The Politics of Trade Protection in North Africa

Adeel Malik and Ferdinand Eibl

in Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198799870
eISBN:
9780191864704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799870.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

What are the institutional and political foundations of trade policy? Is such politics of policy still relevant in the age of liberalization when trade tariffs have fallen in prominence? To answer ... More


The 1980s: The Demise of Protection

Ellen Israel Rosen

in Making Sweatshops: The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233362
eISBN:
9780520928572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233362.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter presents an account of the demise of congressional protectionism in the context of the new neoliberal consensus. It also provides an exploration of the new international textile, ... More


Trade Protection and Industry Wage Structure in Poland

Chor-ching Goh and Beata S. Javorcik

in Globalization and Poverty

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226317946
eISBN:
9780226318004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226318004.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the link between tariff changes and the wages of workers in Poland. The data indicate that workers in sectors that experienced the largest tariff declines experienced the ... More


Balancing Investment Protection and Other Public Policy Goals: Lessons from WTO Jurisprudence

Yasuhei Taniguchi and Tomoko Ishikawa

in International Economic Law and Governance: Essays in Honour of Mitsuo Matsushita

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198778257
eISBN:
9780191823763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778257.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

With the dramatic growth of foreign investment laws in the past few decades, there is an increasing concern over investment arbitration, including that it has reduced the scope for state regulation. ... More


The Sea as a Legal and Strategic Space

Gabriela A. Frei

in Great Britain, International Law, and the Evolution of Maritime Strategic Thought, 1856–1914

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198859932
eISBN:
9780191892356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859932.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Chapter 1 serves as an introductory chapter, exploring the idea of the sea as a legal and strategic space. The concepts of freedom of the seas and sovereignty of the sea dominated the legal debates ... More


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