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EU Trade Policy: The Exclusive Versus Shared' Competence Debate

Sophie Meunier and Kalypso Nicolaïdis

in The State of the European Union: Risks, Reform, Resistance, and Revival

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297574
eISBN:
9780191598982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297572.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that the policy equilibrium established by the Treaty is unlikely to be sustainable due to several challenges. These are the relaunching of multilateral trade negotiations under ... More


Trade and Labor Conditions

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the effect of international trade on labor conditions around the world. Evidence developed in the chapter shows that open trade policies improve working conditions by raising ... More


Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

W. Max. Corden

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Expounds the normative theory of trade policy and sets out a framework for analysing trade and other intervention policies in the presence of domestic distortions. It includes discussion of static ... More


The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Richard Pomfret

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Regional trading arrangements have been a recurring, and often challenging, feature of the global trading system established after 1945. This book analyses the economic, historical, and political ... More


The United States and the GATT/WTO System

Gautam Sen

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An examination is made of the relationship between the US and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and its successor, the World Trade Organization, addressing the crucial question of ... More


… and the Rest of the World: Americans and Others

Loukas Tsoukalis

in What Kind of Europe?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199279487
eISBN:
9780191602979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279489.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the relationships of the European Union with the United States and the rest of the world, focusing on trade policies, preferential trade agreements with various countries, and ... More


Labor Conditions around the World

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter introduces the measures of working conditions and labor rights that are the focus of the book and shows how labor conditions changed in the late 20th century. The key working conditions ... More


The Litigious State: U.S. Trade Policy

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the role of domestic political interests in the selection of U.S. cases for World Trade Organization (WTO) adjudication. It first considers how the United States has taken a ... More


Liberalizing Europe: The Commission, the Court, and the Creation of a European Market

Mark A. Pollack

in The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251179
eISBN:
9780191600111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251177.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The ability of supranational agents such as the European Commission and Court of Justice to influence policy outcomes in the European Union varies as a function of the control mechanisms established ... More


Rules of Origin and US trade policy

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier

in The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Rules of origin (ROOs) in US free-trade agreements (FTAs) provide particularized benefits to industries like textiles and autos. In so doing, they have helped win Congressional approval of ... More


The Reluctant Litigant: Japanese Trade Policy

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines Japanese trade policy to promote market access for exports. It considers how the delegation of authority to the bureaucracy influences the choice of trade strategies by Japan. ... More


National and International Labor Regulation

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter evaluates the effect of globalization on the extent of a country’s labor regulation and the influence of national and international labor regulations on labor conditions. There is no ... More


The World Trading System and Development Concerns

Martin Khor

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with trade policy and the world trading system from a development perspective, and concludes with proposals for making the global trading system more development-oriented, ... More


The Influence of Dutch and EU Government Policies on Philips' Information Technology Product Strategy

Jan van den Ende, Nachoem Wijanberg, and Albert Meijer

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter focuses on the IT policies of the Dutch and European governments in the period from 1960 to 1980. The success of different government policies and instruments is evaluated against the ... More


Towards Deeper Integration? The ‘Trade and’ Agenda

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The general issue of dealing with ’behind the border’ regulation is discussed in the WTO (World Trade Organization) context, and an introduction provided to the main issues that are likely to be ... More


Domestic Constraints and Active Enforcement

Christina L. Davis

in Why Adjudicate?: Enforcing Trade Rules in the WTO

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152752
eISBN:
9781400842513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152752.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the role of courts in the ability of democratic politicians to support international commitments. Taking a closer look at the domestic political origins of trade disputes is ... More


Discrimination in International Trade, 1947–1985

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Discusses the erosion of adherence to the non‐discrimination principle between 1947 and 1985. Section 1 analyses the discriminatory removal of quantitative restrictions on intra‐European trade during ... More


Consequences for the International Trading System

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Examines the systemic effects of RTAs on the global economy. Discusses why RTAs tend to proliferate as well as why the multilateral trading system's basis in non‐discriminatory trade policies is ... More


Trade Policy and Corporate Business Decisions

Tamir Agmon and Christine R. Hekman (eds)

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195055382
eISBN:
9780199855056
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195055382.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This book provides a bridge between actual, and expected, United States trade policies and the financial, marketing, operational, organizational, and strategic aspects of corporate business policy. ... More


Why Do Discriminatory Trading Arrangements Exist?

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Addresses the question of why RTAs exist. Section 1 lists four proximate explanations on the basis of the immediate consequences of RTAs. Section 2 draws on the political economy of trade barriers ... More


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